2Chronicles - La Sainte Bible (Crampon 1904)
The Second Book of Chronicles takes up the history of the monarchy where the First Book breaks off. It begins with the account of the reign of Solomon from the special viewpoint of the Chronicler. The portrait of Solomon is an idealized one; he appears as second only to David. The great achievement of the building of the temple and the magnificence of Solomon's court are described in detail while the serious defects of his reign are passed over without comment. All this is in keeping with the Chronicler's purpose of stressing the supreme importance of the temple and its worship. He wishes to impress on his readers the splendor of God's dwelling and the magnificence of the liturgy of sacrifice, prayer and praise offered there. Judah's kings are judged by their attitude toward the temple and its cult. To this ideal of one people, united in the worship of the one true God at the temple of Jerusalem founded by David and Solomon, the restored community would have to conform. In treating the period of divided monarchy, the Chronicler gives practically all his attention to the kingdom of Judah. His omission of the northern Israelite kings is significant. In his view, the northern tribes of Israel were in religious schism as long as they worshiped Yahweh in a place other than the temple of Jerusalem. The Chronicler makes no mention of the important sanctuaries of Yahweh at Dan and Bethel-as though they had never existed. Nevertheless he retains the ancient ideal of "all Israel" (a phrase occuring forty-one times in Chronicles) as the people of God. The condition he places for a united people is that "the whole congregation of Israel" worship the Lord only in his temple at Jerusalem. This explains his praise of Kings Hezekiah and Josiah for striving, after the fall of Samaria, to unite the remnants of the northern tribes of Israel into the kingdom of Judah. At the end of the fifth century B.C., during the Chronicler's own time, "the people of the land" were the descendants of the people of all the tribes (including Judah) who had not gone into exile. These had become intermingled with aliens and had evolved a religion of Yahweh very different from the Judaism that developed during the Babylonian exile. Thus, religious and political cooperation between the returned exiles and these "people of the land" was out of the question for the Chronicler. This he clearly shows in the last part of his work, the Books of Ezra and Nehemiah. - The Second Book of Chronicles is divided as follows: I. The Reign of Solomon (2 Chron 1:1-9:31) II. The Monarchy before Hezekiah (2 Chron 10:1-27:9) III. Reforms of Hezekiah and Josiah (2 Chron 28:1-36:1) IV. End of the Kingdom (2 Chron 36:2-23) - (NAB)

  • édition numérique par Richard Bourret
  • Domaine public

  • Headings

    Deuxième livre des Chroniques

    A.Histoire de Salomon

    1 Salomon roi
    Dieu accorde à Salomon la sagesse et la gloire
    2 Préparatifs de Salomon pour la construction du temple
    3 Construction du temple
    Les colonnes d'airain
    4 L'autel et la mer d'airain
    Les bassins et autres ustensiles
    5 Dédicace du temple
    6 Discours de Salomon
    Prière de Salomon
    7 Apparition de Dieu à Salomon
    8 Villes bâties par Salomon
    Navires envoyés à Ophir
    9 La reine de Séba à Jérusalem
    Richesses de Salomon

    B.Histoire du Royaume de Juda du schisme à la captivité

    10 Division du royaume: Roboam roi de Juda
    11 Précautions de Roboam pour s'enfermer dans son royaume
    Idolâtrie de Jéroboam
    Famille de Roboam
    12 Idolâtrie de Roboam;invasion égyptienne
    Mort de Roboam

    13 Abija roi de Juda
    Mort de Jéroboam
    14 Mort d'Abija

    Asa roi de Juda
    Victoire sur Zérach l'Éthiopien
    15 Destruction de l'idolâtrie
    16 Alliance d'Asa avec les Syriens contre Israël
    Fin du règne d'Asa

    17 Josaphat roi de Juda - Piété et prospérité
    18 Expédition d'Achab et de Josaphat contre les Syriens
    19 Le prophète Jéhu blâme l'alliance avec Achab
    Réforme de la justice
    20 Victoire de Josaphat sur les Moabites et les Ammonites
    Essai d'envoi d'une flotte à Tarsis
    21 Mort de Josaphat

    Joram roi de Juda

    22 Achazia roi de Juda

    Athalie reine de Juda
    23 Complot et coup d'état
    Mise à mort d'Athalie

    24 Joas roi de Juda
    Réparation du temple
    Retour à l'idolâtrie
    Invasion des Syriens

    25 Amatsia roi de Juda
    Victoire sur les Édomites
    Guerre funeste avec Israël
    Conspiration contre Amatsia; sa mort

    26 Ozias roi de Juda
    Prospérité et force
    Sacrilège au temple - Ozias frappé de la lèpre

    27 Jotham roi de Juda

    28 Achaz roi de Juda - Idolâtrie et désastres

    29 Ézéchias roi de Juda - Le temple purifié et leculte rétabli
    30 Célébration solennelle de la Pâque
    31 Remise en ordre des prescriptions religieuses
    32 Invasion de Sanchérib,roi d'Assyrie
    Destruction de l'armée de Sanchérib

    33 Manassé roi de Juda

    Amon roi de Juda

    34 Josias roi de Juda
    Découverte du livre de la loi
    Lecture du livre de l'alliance
    35 Célébration de la Pâque
    Josias tué par les archers de Néco, roi d'Égypte

    36 Joachaz roi de Juda

    Jojakim roi de Juda

    Jojakin roi de Juda

    Sédécias roi de Juda
    Destruction de Jérusalem et déportation à Babylone

    Cyrus, roi de Perse, ordonne la reconstruction du temple

    Revised Standard Version (1966) - English
    Nova Vulgata - Latin
    Biblia del Pueblo di Dio (BPD) - Spanish
    Vulgata - Stuttgart 1969 - Latin
    Bíblia Sagrada Ave-Maria (1957) - Portuguese
    CEI (1974) - Italian
    EinheitsÜbersetzung der Heiligen Sc - German