Summa - Supplement
Rainaldo da Piperno (?) The Summa Theologica - Supplement
Benziger Bros. edition, 1947.
Translated by Fathers of the English Dominican Province
Public Domain

  • Benziger Bros. edition, 1947 - CCEL.ORG
  • Public domain

  • Headings

    SUPPLEMENT (XP): TO THE THIRD PART OF THE SUMMA THEOLOGICA OF ST. THOMAS AQUINAS GATHERED FROM HIS COMMENTARY ON BOOK IV OF THE SENTENCES (Questions [1]-99)
    EDITOR'S NOTE:
    20Q1: OF THE PARTS OF PENANCE, IN PARTICULAR, AND FIRST OF CONTRITION (THREE ARTICLES)
    21Whether contrition is an assumed sorrow for sins, together with the purpose of confessing them and of making satisfaction for them?
    22Whether contrition is an act of virtue?
    23Whether attrition can become contrition?
    40Q2: OF THE OBJECT OF CONTRITION (SIX ARTICLES)
    41Whether man should be contrite on account of the punishment, and not only on account of his sin?
    42Whether contrition should be on account of original sin?
    43Whether we should have contrition for every actual sin?
    44Whether a man is bound to have contrition for his future sins?
    45Whether a man ought to have contrition for another's sin?
    46Whether it is necessary to have contrition for each mortal sin?
    60Q3: OF THE DEGREE OF CONTRITION (THREE ARTICLES)
    61Whether contrition is the greatest possible sorrow in the world?
    62Whether the sorrow of contrition can be too great?
    63Whether sorrow for one sin should be greater than for another?
    80Q4: OF THE TIME FOR CONTRITION (THREE ARTICLES)
    81Whether the whole of this life is the time for contrition?
    82Whether it is expedient to grieve for sin continually?
    83Whether our souls are contrite for sins even after this life?
    100Q5: OF THE EFFECT OF CONTRITION (THREE ARTICLES)
    101Whether the forgiveness of sin is the effect of contrition?
    102Whether contrition can take away the debt of punishment entirely?
    103Whether slight contrition suffices to blot out great sins?
    120Q6: OF CONFESSION, AS REGARDS ITS NECESSITY (SIX ARTICLES)
    121Whether confession is necessary for salvation?
    122Whether confession is according to the natural law?
    123Whether all are bound to confession?
    124Whether it is lawful for a man to confess a sin which he has not committed?
    125Whether one is bound to confess at once?
    126Whether one can be dispensed from confession?
    140Q7: OF THE NATURE OF CONFESSION (THREE ARTICLES)
    141Whether Augustine fittingly defines confession?
    142Whether confession is an act of virtue?
    143Whether confession is an act of the virtue of penance?
    160Q8: OF THE MINISTER OF CONFESSION (SEVEN ARTICLES)
    161Whether it is necessary to confess to a priest?
    162Whether it is ever lawful to confess to another than a priest?
    163Whether, outside a case of necessity, anyone who is not a priest may hear the confession of venial sins?
    164Whether it is necessary for one to confess to one's own priest?
    165Whether it is lawful for anyone to confess to another than his own priest, in virtue of a privilege or a command given by a superior?
    166Whether a penitent, at the point of death, can be absolved by any priest?
    167Whether the temporal punishment is imposed according to the degree of the fault?
    180Q9: OF THE QUALITY OF CONFESSION (FOUR ARTICLES)
    181Whether confession can be lacking in form?
    182Whether confession should be entire?
    183Whether one may confess through another, or by writing?
    184Whether the sixteen conditions usually assigned are necessary for confession?
    200Q10: OF THE EFFECT OF CONFESSION (FIVE ARTICLES)
    201Whether confession delivers one from the death of sin?
    202Whether confession delivers from punishment in some way?
    203Whether confession opens paradise?
    204Whether confession gives hope of salvation?
    205Whether a general confession suffices to blot out forgotten mortal sins?
    220Q11: OF THE SEAL OF CONFESSION (FIVE ARTICLES)
    221Whether in every case the priest is bound to hide the sins which he knows under the seal of confession?
    222Whether the seal of confession extends to other matters than those which have reference to confession?
    223Whether the priest alone is bound by the seal of confession?
    224Whether by the penitent's permission, a priest may reveal to another a sin which he knows under the seal of confession?
    225Whether a man may reveal that which he knows through confession and through some other source besides?
    240Q12: OF SATISFACTION, AS TO ITS NATURE (THREE ARTICLES)
    241Whether satisfaction is a virtue or an act of virtue?
    242Whether satisfaction is an act of justice?
    243Whether the definition of satisfaction given in the text is suitable?
    260Q13: OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SATISFACTION (TWO ARTICLES)
    261Whether man can make satisfaction to God?
    262Whether one man can fulfill satisfactory punishment for another?
    280Q14: OF THE QUALITY OF SATISFACTION (FIVE ARTICLES)
    281Whether a man can satisfy for one sin without satisfying for another?
    282Whether, when deprived of charity, a man can make satisfaction for sins for which he was previously contrite?
    283Whether previous satisfaction begins to avail after man is restored to charity?
    284Whether works done without charity merit any, at least temporal, good?
    285Whether the aforesaid works avail for the mitigation of the pains of hell?
    300Q15: OF THE MEANS OF MAKING SATISFACTION (THREE ARTICLES)
    301Whether satisfaction must be made by means of penal works?
    302Whether the scourges of the present life are satisfactory?
    303Whether the works of satisfaction are suitably enumerated?
    320Q16 OF THOSE WHO RECEIVE THE SACRAMENT OF PENANCE (THREE ARTICLES)
    321Whether penance can be in the innocent?
    322Whether the saints in glory have penance?
    323Whether an angel can be the subject of penance?
    340Q17: OF THE POWER OF THE KEYS (THREE ARTICLES)
    341Whether there should be keys in the Church?
    342Whether the key is the power of binding and loosing, etc.?
    343Whether there are two keys or only one?
    360Q18: OF THE EFFECT OF THE KEYS (FOUR ARTICLES)
    361Whether the power of the keys extends to the remission of guilt?
    362Whether a priest can remit sin as to the punishment?
    363Whether the priest can bind through the power of the keys?
    364Whether the priest can bind and loose according to his own judgment?
    380Q19: OF THE MINISTERS OF THE KEYS (SIX ARTICLES)
    381Whether the priest of the Law had the keys?
    382Whether Christ had the key?
    383Whether priests alone have the keys?
    384Whether holy men who are not priests have the keys?
    385Whether wicked priests have the use of the keys?
    386Whether those who are schismatics, heretics, excommunicate, suspended or degraded have the use of the keys?
    400Q20: OF THOSE ON WHOM THE POWER OF THE KEYS CAN BE EXERCISED (THREE ARTICLES)
    401Whether a priest can use the key which he has, on any man?
    402Whether a priest can always absolve his subject?
    403Whether a man can use the keys with regard to his superior?
    420Q21: OF THE DEFINITION, CONGRUITY AND CAUSE OF EXCOMMUNICATION (FOUR ARTICLES)
    421Whether excommunication is suitably defined as separation from the communion of the Church, etc?
    422Whether the Church should excommunicate anyone?
    423Whether anyone should be excommunicated for inflicting temporal harm?
    424Whether an excommunication unjustly pronounced has any effect?
    440Q22: OF THOSE WHO CAN EXCOMMUNICATE OR BE EXCOMMUNICATED (SIX ARTICLES)
    441Whether every priest can excommunicate?
    442Whether those who are not priests can excommunicate?
    443Whether a man who is excommunicated or suspended can excommunicate another?
    444Whether a man can excommunicate himself, his equal, or his superior?
    445Whether a sentence of excommunication can be passed on a body of men?
    446Whether a man can be excommunicated who is already under sentence of excommunication?
    460Q23: OF COMMUNICATION WITH EXCOMMUNICATED PERSONS (THREE ARTICLES)
    461Whether it is lawful, in matters purely corporal, to communicate with an excommunicated person?
    462Whether a person incurs excommunication for communicating with one who is excommunicated?
    463Whether it is always a mortal sin to communicate with an excommunicated person in other cases than those in which it is allowed?
    480Q24: OF ABSOLUTION FROM EXCOMMUNICATION (THREE ARTICLES)
    481Whether any priest can absolve his subject from excommunication?
    482Whether anyone can be absolved against his will?
    483Whether a man can be absolved from one excommunication without being absolved from all?
    500Q25: OF INDULGENCES (THREE ARTICLES)
    501Whether an indulgence can remit any part of the punishment due for the satisfaction of sins?
    502Whether indulgences are as effective as they claim to be?
    503Whether an indulgence ought to be granted for temporal help?
    520Q26: OF THOSE WHO CAN GRANT INDULGENCES (FOUR ARTICLES)
    521Whether every parish priest can grant indulgences?
    522Whether a deacon or another who is not a priest can grant an indulgence?
    523Whether a bishop can grant indulgences?
    524Whether indulgences can be granted by one who is in mortal sin?
    540Q27: OF THOSE WHOM INDULGENCES AVAIL (FOUR ARTICLES)
    541Whether an indulgence avails those who are in mortal sin?
    542Whether indulgences avail religious?
    543Whether an indulgence can ever be granted to one who does not fulfill the conditions required?
    544Whether an indulgence avails the person who grants it?
    560Q28: OF THE SOLEMN RITE OF PENANCE (THREE ARTICLES)
    561Whether a penance should be published or solemnized?
    562Whether a solemn penance can be repeated?
    563Whether solemn penance should be imposed on women and clerics, and whether any priest can impose it?
    580Q29: OF EXTREME UNCTION, AS REGARDS ITS ESSENCE AND INSTITUTION (NINE ARTICLES)
    581Whether Extreme Unction is a sacrament?
    582Whether Extreme Unction is one sacrament?
    583Whether this sacrament was instituted by Christ?
    584Whether olive oil is a suitable matter for this sacrament?
    585Whether the oil ought to be consecrated?
    586Whether the matter of this sacrament need be consecrated by a bishop?
    587Whether this sacrament has a form?
    588Whether the form of this sacrament should be expressed by way of assertion or of petition?
    589Whether the foregoing prayer is a suitable form for this sacrament?
    600Q30: OF THE EFFECT OF THIS SACRAMENT (THREE ARTICLES)
    601Whether Extreme Unction avails for the remission of sins?
    602Whether bodily health is an effect of this sacrament?
    603Whether this sacrament imprints a character?
    620Q31: OF THE MINISTER OF THIS SACRAMENT (THREE ARTICLES)
    621Whether a layman can confer this sacrament?
    622Whether deacons can confer this sacrament?
    623Whether none but a bishop can confer this sacrament?
    640Q32: ON WHOM SHOULD THIS SACRAMENT BE CONFERRED AND ON WHAT PART OF THE BODY? (SEVEN ARTICLES)
    641Whether this sacrament ought to be conferred on those who are in good health?
    642Whether this sacrament ought to be given in any kind of sickness?
    643Whether this sacrament ought to be given to madmen and imbeciles?
    644Whether this sacrament should be given to children?
    645Whether the whole body should be anointed in this sacrament?
    646Whether the parts to be anointed are suitably assigned?
    647Whether those who are deformed in those parts should be anointed?
    660Q33: OF THE REPETITION OF THIS SACRAMENT (TWO ARTICLES)
    661Whether this sacrament ought to be repeated?
    662Whether this sacrament ought to be repeated during the same sickness?
    680Q34: OF THE SACRAMENT OF ORDER AS TO ITS ESSENCE AND ITS PARTS (FIVE ARTICLES)
    681Whether there should be Order in the Church?
    682Whether Order is properly defined?
    683Whether Order is a sacrament?
    684Whether the form of this sacrament is suitably expressed?
    685Whether this sacrament has any matter?
    700Q35: OF THE EFFECT OF THIS SACRAMENT (FIVE ARTICLES)
    701Whether sanctifying grace is conferred in the sacrament of Order?
    702Whether in the sacrament of Order a character is imprinted in connection with all the Orders?
    703Whether the character of Order presupposes the baptismal character?
    704Whether the character of Order necessarily presupposes the character of Confirmation?
    705Whether the character of one Order necessarily presupposes the character of another Order?
    720Q36: OF THE QUALITIES REQUIRED OF THOSE WHO RECEIVE THIS SACRAMENT (FIVE ARTICLES)
    721Whether goodness of life is required of those who receive Orders?
    722Whether knowledge of all Holy Writ is required?
    723Whether a man obtains the degrees of Order by the merit of one's life?
    724Whether he who raises the unworthy to Orders commits a sin?
    725Whether a man who is in sin can without sin exercise the Order he has received? [*Cf. @III 64,6@]
    740Q37: OF THE DISTINCTION OF ORDERS, OF THEIR ACTS, AND THE IMPRINTING OF THE CHARACTER (FIVE ARTICLES)
    741Whether we ought to distinguish several Orders?
    742Whether there are seven Orders?
    743Whether the Order should be divided into those that are sacred and those that are not?
    744Whether the acts of the Orders are rightly assigned in the text?
    745Whether the character is imprinted on a priest when the chalice is handed to him?
    760Q38: OF THOSE WHO CONFER THIS SACRAMENT (TWO ARTICLES)
    761Whether a bishop alone confers the sacrament of Order?
    Whether heretics and those who are cut off from the Church can confer Orders?
    780Q39: OF THE IMPEDIMENTS TO THIS SACRAMENT (SIX ARTICLES)
    781Whether the female sex is an impediment to receiving Orders?
    782Whether boys and those who lack the use of reason can receive Orders?
    783Whether the state of slavery is an impediment to receiving Orders?
    784Whether a man should be debarred from receiving Orders on account of homicide?
    785Whether those of illegitimate birth should be debarred from receiving Orders?
    786Whether lack of members should be an impediment?
    800Q40: OF THE THINGS ANNEXED TO THE SACRAMENT OF ORDER (SEVEN ARTICLES)
    801Whether those who are ordained ought to wear the tonsure?
    802Whether the tonsure is an Order?
    803Whether by receiving the tonsure a man renounces temporal goods?
    804Whether above the priestly Order there ought to be an episcopal power?
    805Whether the episcopate is an Order?
    806Whether in the Church there can be anyone above the bishops?
    807Whether the vestments of the ministers are fittingly instituted in the Church?
    820Q41: OF THE SACRAMENT OF MATRIMONY AS DIRECTED TO AN OFFICE OF NATURE (FOUR ARTICLES)
    821Whether matrimony is of natural law?
    822Whether matrimony still comes under a precept?
    823Whether the marriage act is always sinful?
    824Whether the marriage act is meritorious?
    840Q42: OF MATRIMONY AS A SACRAMENT (FOUR ARTICLES)
    841Whether matrimony is a sacrament?
    842Whether this sacrament ought to have been instituted before sin was committed?
    843Whether matrimony confers grace?
    844Whether carnal intercourse is an integral part of this sacrament?
    860Q43: OF MATRIMONY WITH REGARD TO THE BETROTHAL (THREE ARTICLES)
    861Whether a betrothal is a promise of future marriage?
    862Whether seven years is fittingly assigned as the age for betrothal?
    863Whether a betrothal can be dissolved?
    880Q44: OF THE DEFINITION OF MATRIMONY (THREE ARTICLES)
    881Whether matrimony is a kind of joining?
    882Whether matrimony is fittingly named?
    883Whether matrimony is fittingly defined in the text?
    900Q45: OF THE MARRIAGE CONSENT CONSIDERED IN ITSELF (FIVE ARTICLES)
    901Whether consent is the efficient cause of matrimony?
    902Whether the consent needs to be expressed in words?
    903Whether consent given in words expressive of the future makes a marriage?
    904Whether, in the absence of inward consent, a marriage is made by consent given in words of the present?
    905Whether consent given secretly in words of the present makes a marriage?
    920Q46: OF THE CONSENT TO WHICH AN OATH OR CARNAL INTERCOURSE IS APPENDED (TWO ARTICLES)
    921Whether an oath added to the consent that is expressed in words of the future tense makes a marriage?
    922Whether carnal intercourse after consent expressed in words of the future makes a marriage?
    940Q47: OF COMPULSORY AND CONDITIONAL CONSENT (SIX ARTICLES)
    941Whether a compulsory consent is possible?
    942Whether a constant man can be compelled by fear?
    943Whether compulsory consent invalidates a marriage?
    944Whether compulsory consent makes a marriage as regards the party who uses compulsion?
    945Whether conditional consent makes a marriage?
    946Whether one can be compelled by one's father's command to marry?
    960Q48: OF THE OBJECT OF THE CONSENT (TWO ARTICLES)
    961Whether the consent that makes a marriage is a consent to carnal intercourse?
    962Whether marriage can result from one person's consent to take another for a base motive?
    980Q49: OF THE MARRIAGE GOODS* (SIX ARTICLES)
    981Whether certain blessings are necessary in order to excuse marriage?
    982Whether the goods of marriage are sufficiently enumerated?
    983Whether the sacrament is the chief of the marriage goods?
    984Whether the marriage act is excused by the aforesaid goods?
    985Whether the marriage act can be excused without the marriage goods?
    986Whether it is a mortal sin for a man to have knowledge of his wife, with the intention not of a marriage good but merely of pleasure?
    1000Q50: OF THE IMPEDIMENTS OF MARRIAGE, IN GENERAL (ONE ARTICLE)
    1001Whether it is fitting that impediments should be assigned to marriage?
    1020Q51: OF THE IMPEDIMENT OF ERROR (TWO ARTICLES)
    1021Whether it is right to reckon error as an impediment to marriage?
    1022Whether every error is an impediment to matrimony?
    1040Q52: OF THE IMPEDIMENT OF THE CONDITION OF SLAVERY (FOUR ARTICLES)
    1041Whether the condition of slavery is an impediment to matrimony?
    1042Whether a slave can marry without his master's consent?
    1043Whether slavery can supervene to marriage?
    1044Whether children should follow the condition of their father?
    1060Q43: OF THE IMPEDIMENT OF VOWS AND ORDERS (FOUR ARTICLES)
    1061Whether marriage already contracted should be annulled by the obligation of a simple vow?
    1062Whether a solemn vow dissolves a marriage already contracted?
    1063Whether order is an impediment to matrimony?
    1064Whether a sacred order cannot supervene to matrimony?
    1080Q54: OF THE IMPEDIMENT OF CONSANGUINITY (FOUR ARTICLES)
    1081Whether consanguinity is rightly defined?
    1082Whether consanguinity is fittingly distinguished by degrees and lines?
    1083Whether consanguinity is an impediment to marriage by virtue of the natural law?
    1084Whether the degrees of consanguinity that are an impediment to marriage could be fixed by the Church?
    1100Q55: OF THE IMPEDIMENT OF AFFINITY (ELEVEN ARTICLES)
    1101Whether a person contracts affinity through the marriage of a blood-relation?
    1102Whether affinity remains after the death of husband or wife?
    1103Whether unlawful intercourse causes affinity?
    1104Whether affinity is caused by betrothal?
    1105Whether affinity is a cause of affinity?
    1106Whether affinity is an impediment to marriage?
    1107Whether affinity in itself admits of degrees?
    1108Whether the degrees of affinity extend in the same way as the degrees of consanguinity?
    1109Whether a marriage contracted by persons with the degrees of affinity or consanguinity should always be annulled?
    1110Whether it is necessary to proceed by way of accusation for the annulment of a marriage contracted by persons related to each other by affinity or consanguinity?
    1111Whether in a suit of this kind one should proceed by hearing witnesses in the same way as in other suits?
    1120Q56: OF THE IMPEDIMENT OF SPIRITUAL RELATIONSHIP (FIVE ARTICLES)
    1121Whether spiritual relationship is an impediment to marriage?
    1122Whether spiritual relationship is contracted by baptism only?
    1123Whether spiritual relationship is contracted between the person baptized and the person who raises him from the sacred font?
    1124Whether spiritual relationship passes from husband to wife?
    1125Whether spiritual relationship passes to the godfather's carnal children?
    1140Q57: OF LEGAL RELATIONSHIP, WHICH IS BY ADOPTION (THREE ARTICLES)
    1141Whether adoption is rightly defined?
    1142Whether a tie that is an impediment to marriage is contracted through adoption?
    1143Whether legal relationship is contracted only between the adopting father and the adopted child?
    1160Q48: OF THE IMPEDIMENTS OF IMPOTENCE, SPELL, FRENZY OR MADNESS, INCEST AND DEFECTIVE AGE (FIVE ARTICLES)
    1161Whether impotence is an impediment to marriage?
    1162Whether a spell can be an impediment to marriage?
    1163Whether madness is an impediment to marriage?
    1164Whether marriage is annulled by the husband committing incest with his wife's sister?
    1165Whether defective age is an impediment to marriage?
    1180Q59: OF DISPARITY OF WORSHIP AS AN IMPEDIMENT TO MARRIAGE (SIX ARTICLES)
    1181Whether a believer can marry an unbeliever?
    1182Whether there can be marriage between unbelievers?
    1183Whether the husband, being converted to the faith, may remain with his wife is she be unwilling to be converted?
    1184Whether a believer can, after his conversion, put away his unbelieving wife if she be willing to cohabit with him without insult to the Creator?
    1185Whether the believer who leaves his unbelieving wife can take another wife?
    1186Whether other sins dissolve marriage?
    1200Q60: OF WIFE-MURDER (TWO ARTICLES)
    1201Whether it is lawful for a man to kill his wife if she be discovered in the act of adultery?
    1202Whether wife-murder is an impediment to marriage?
    1220Q61: OF THE IMPEDIMENT TO MARRIAGE, ARISING FROM A SOLEMN VOW (THREE ARTICLES)
    1221Whether one party after the marriage has been consummated can enter religion without the other's consent?
    1222Whether before the marriage has been consummated one consort can enter religion without the other's consent?
    1223Whether the wife may take another husband if her husband has entered religion before the consummation of the marriage?
    1240Q62: OF THE IMPEDIMENT THAT SUPERVENES TO MARRIAGE AFTER ITS CONSUMMATION, NAMELY FORNICATION (SIX ARTICLES)
    1241Whether it is lawful for a husband to put away his wife on account of fornication?
    1242Whether the husband is bound by precept to put away his wife when she is guilty of fornication?
    1243Whether the husband can on his own judgment put away his wife on account of fornication?
    1244Whether in a case of divorce husband and wife should be judged on a par with each other?
    1245Whether a husband can marry again after having a divorce?
    1246Whether husband and wife may be reconciled after being divorced?
    1260Q63: OF SECOND MARRIAGES (TWO ARTICLES)
    1261Whether a second marriage is lawful?
    1262Whether a second marriage is a sacrament?
    1280Q64: OF THE THINGS ANNEXED TO MARRIAGE, AND FIRST OF THE PAYMENT OF THE MARRIAGE DEBT (TEN ARTICLES)
    1281Whether husband and wife are mutually bound to the payment of the marriage debt?
    1282Whether a husband is bound to pay the debt if his wife does not ask for it?
    1283Whether it is allowable for a menstruous wife to ask for the marriage debt?
    1284Whether a menstruous woman should or may lawfully pay the marriage debt to her husband if he ask for it?
    1285Whether husband and wife are equal in the marriage act?
    1286Whether husband and wife can take a vow contrary to the marriage debt without their mutual consent?
    1287Whether it is forbidden to demand the debt on holy days?
    1288Whether it is a mortal sin to ask for the debt at a holy time?
    1289Whether one spouse is bound to pay the debt to the other at a festal time?
    1290Whether weddings should be forbidden at certain times?
    1300Q65: OF PLURALITY OF WIVES (FIVE ARTICLES)
    1301Whether it is against the natural law to have several wives?
    1302Whether it was ever lawful to have several wives?
    1303Whether it is against the natural law to have a concubine?
    1304Whether it is a mortal sin to have intercourse with a concubine?
    1305Whether it was ever lawful to have a concubine?
    1320Q66: OF BIGAMY AND OF THE IRREGULARITY CONTRACTED THEREBY (FIVE ARTICLES)
    1321Whether irregularity attaches to bigamy?
    1322Whether irregularity results from bigamy, when one husband has two wives, one in law, the other in fact?
    1323Whether irregularity is contracted by marrying one who is not a virgin?
    1324Whether bigamy is removed by Baptism?
    1325Whether it is lawful for a bigamist to receive a dispensation?
    1340Q67: OF THE BILL OF DIVORCE (SEVEN ARTICLES)
    1341Whether inseparableness of the wife is of natural law?
    1342Whether it may have been lawful by dispensation to put away a wife?
    1343Whether it was lawful to divorce a wife under the Mosaic law?
    1344Whether it was lawful for a divorced wife to have another husband?
    1345Whether a husband could lawfully take back the wife he had divorced?
    1346Whether the reason for divorce was hatred for the wife?
    1347Whether the causes of divorce had to be written in the bill?
    1360Q68: OF ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN (THREE ARTICLES)
    1361Whether children born out of true marriage are illegitimate?
    1362Whether children should suffer any loss through being illegitimate?
    1363Whether an illegitimate son can be legitimized?
    1380Q69: OF MATTERS CONCERNING THE RESURRECTION, AND FIRST OF THE PLACE WHERE SOULS ARE AFTER DEATH (SEVEN ARTICLES)
    1381Whether places are appointed to receive souls after death?
    1382Whether souls are conveyed to heaven or hell immediately after death?
    1383Whether the souls who are in heaven or hell are able to go from thence?
    1384Whether the limbo of hell is the same as Abraham's bosom?
    1385Whether limbo is the same as the hell of the damned?
    1386Whether the limbo of children is the same as the limbo of the Fathers?
    1387Whether so many abodes should be distinguished?
    1400Q70: OF THE QUALITY OF THE SOUL AFTER LEAVING THE BODY, AND OF THE PUNISHMENT INFLICTED ON IT BY MATERIAL FIRE (THREE ARTICLES)
    1401Whether the sensitive powers remain in the separated soul?
    1402Whether the acts of the sensitive powers remain in the separated soul?
    1403Whether the separated soul can suffer from a bodily fire?
    1420Q71: OF THE SUFFRAGES FOR THE DEAD (FOURTEEN ARTICLES)
    1421Whether the suffrages of one person can profit others?
    1422Whether the dead can be assisted by the works of the living?
    1423Whether suffrages performed by sinners profit the dead?
    1424Whether suffrages offered by the living for the dead profit those who offer them?
    1425Whether suffrages profit those who are in hell?
    1426Whether suffrages profit those who are in purgatory?
    1427Whether suffrages avail the children who are in limbo?
    1428Whether suffrages profit the saints in heaven?
    1429Whether the prayers of the Church, the sacrifice of the altar and alms profit the departed?
    1430Whether the indulgences of the Church profit the dead?
    1431Whether the burial service profits the dead?
    1432Whether suffrages offered for one deceased person profit the person for whom they are offered more than others?
    1433Whether suffrages offered for several are of as much value to each one as if they had been offered for each in particular?
    1434Whether general suffrages avail those for whom special suffrages are not offered, as much as special suffrages avail those for whom they are offered in addition to general suffrages?
    1440Q72: OF PRAYERS WITH REGARD TO THE SAINTS IN HEAVEN (THREE ARTICLES)
    1441Whether the saints have knowledge of our prayers?
    1442Whether we ought to call upon the saints to pray for us?
    1443Whether the prayers which the saints pour forth to God for us are always granted?
    1460Q73: OF THE SIGNS THAT WILL PRECEDE THE JUDGMENT (THREE ARTICLES)
    1461Whether any signs will precede the Lord's coming to judgment?
    1462Whether towards the time of the judgment the sun and moon will be darkened in very truth?
    1463Whether the virtues of heaven will be moved when our Lord shall come?
    1480Q74: OF THE FIRE OF THE FINAL CONFLAGRATION (NINE ARTICLES)
    1481Whether the world is to be cleansed?
    1482Whether the cleansing of the world will be effected by fire?
    1483Whether the fire whereby the world will be cleansed will be of the same species with elemental fire?
    1484Whether that fire will cleanse also the higher heavens?
    1485Whether that fire will consume the other elements?
    1486Whether all the elements will be cleansed by that fire?
    1487Whether the fire of the final conflagration is to follow the judgment?
    1488Whether that fire will have such an effect on men as is described?
    1489Whether that fire will engulf the wicked?
    1500Q75: OF THE RESURRECTION (THREE ARTICLES)
    1501Whether there is to be a resurrection of the body?
    1502Whether the resurrection will be for all without exception?
    1503Whether the resurrection is natural?
    1520Q76: OF THE CAUSE OF THE RESURRECTION (THREE ARTICLES)
    1521Whether the resurrection of Christ is the cause of our resurrection?
    1522Whether the sound of the trumpet will be the cause of our resurrection?
    1523Whether the angels will do anything towards the resurrection?
    1540Q77: OF THE TIME AND MANNER OF THE RESURRECTION (FOUR ARTICLES)
    1541Whether the time of our resurrection should be delayed till the end of the world?
    1542Whether the time of our resurrection is hidden?
    1543Whether the resurrection will take place at night-time?
    1544Whether the resurrection will happen suddenly or by degrees?
    1560Q78: OF THE TERM "WHEREFROM" OF THE RESURRECTION (THREE ARTICLES)
    1561Whether death will be the term "wherefrom" of the resurrection in all cases?
    1562Whether all will rise again from ashes?
    1563Whether the ashes from which the human body will be restored have any natural inclination towards the soul which will be united to them?
    1580Q79: OF THE CONDITIONS OF THOSE WHO RISE AGAIN, AND FIRST OF THEIR IDENTITY (THREE ARTICLES)
    1581Whether in the resurrection the soul will be reunited to the same identical body?
    1582Whether it will be identically the same man that shall rise again?
    1583Whether the ashes of the human body must needs, by the resurrection, return to the same parts of the body that were dissolved into them?
    1600Q80: OF THE INTEGRITY OF THE BODIES IN THE RESURRECTION (FIVE ARTICLES)
    1601Whether all the members of the human body will rise again?
    1602Whether the hair and nails will rise again in the human body?
    1603Whether the humors will rise again in the body?
    1604Whether whatever in the body belonged to the truth of human nature will rise again in it?
    1605Whether whatever was materially in a man's members will all rise again?
    1620Q81: OF THE QUALITY OF THOSE WHO RISE AGAIN (FOUR ARTICLES)
    1621Whether all will rise again of the same age?
    1622Whether all will rise again of the same stature?
    1623Whether all will rise again of the male sex?
    1624Whether all will rise again to animal life so as to exercise the functions of nutrition and generation?
    1640Q82: OF THE IMPASSIBILITY OF THE BODIES OF THE BLESSED AFTER THEIR RESURRECTION (FOUR ARTICLES)
    1641Whether the bodies of the saints will be impassible after the resurrection?
    1642Whether all will be equally impassible?
    1643Whether impassibility excludes actual sensation from glorified bodies?
    1644Whether in the blessed, after the resurrection, all the senses will be in act?
    1660Q83: OF THE SUBTLETY OF THE BODIES OF THE BLESSED (SIX ARTICLES)
    1661Whether subtlety is a property of the glorified body?
    1662Whether by reason of this subtlety a glorified body is able to be in the same place with another body not glorified?
    1663Whether it is possible, by a miracle, for two bodies to be in the same place?
    1664Whether one glorified body can be in the same place together with another glorified body?
    1665Whether by virtue of its subtlety a glorified body will no longer need to be in an equal place?
    1666Whether the glorified body, by reason of its subtlety, will be impalpable?
    1680Q84: OF THE AGILITY OF THE BODIES OF THE BLESSED (THREE ARTICLES)
    1681Whether the glorified bodies will be agile?
    1682Whether the saints will never use their agility for the purpose of movement?
    1683Whether the movement of the saints will be instantaneous?
    1700Q85: OF THE CLARITY OF THE BEATIFIED BODIES (THREE ARTICLES)
    1701Whether clarity is becoming to the glorified body?
    1702Whether the clarity of the glorified body is visible to the non-glorified eye?
    1703Whether a glorified body will be necessarily seen by a non-glorified body?
    1720Q86: OF THE CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH THE BODIES OF THE DAMNED WILL RISE AGAIN (THREE ARTICLES)
    1721Whether the bodies of the damned will rise again with their deformities?
    1722Whether the bodies of the damned will be incorruptible?
    1723Whether the bodies of the damned will be impassible?
    1740Q87: OF THE KNOWLEDGE WHICH, AFTER RISING AGAIN, MEN WILL HAVE AT THE JUDGMENT CONCERNING MERITS AND DEMERITS (THREE ARTICLES)
    1741Whether after the resurrection every one will know what sins he has committed?
    1742Whether every one will be able to read all that is in another's conscience?
    1743Whether all merits and demerits, one's own as well as those of others, will be seen by anyone at a single glance?
    1760Q88: OF THE GENERAL JUDGMENT, AS TO THE TIME AND PLACE AT WHICH IT WILL BE (FOUR ARTICLES)
    1761Whether there will be a general judgment?
    1762Whether the judgment will take place by word of mouth?
    1763Whether the time of the future judgment is unknown?
    1764Whether the judgment will take place in the valley of Josaphat?
    1780Q89: OF THOSE WHO WILL JUDGE AND OF THOSE WHO WILL BE JUDGED AT THE GENERAL JUDGMENT (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    1781Whether any men will judge together with Christ?
    1782Whether the judicial power corresponds to voluntary poverty?
    1783Whether the angels will judge?
    1784Whether the demons will carry out the sentence of the Judge on the damned?
    1785Whether all men will be present at the judgment?
    1786Whether the good will be judged at the judgment?
    1787Whether the wicked will be judged?
    1788Whether at the coming judgment the angels will be judged?
    1800Q90: OF THE FORM OF THE JUDGE IN COMING TO THE JUDGMENT (THREE ARTICLES)
    1801Whether Christ will judge under the form of His humanity?
    1802Whether at the judgment Christ will appear in His glorified humanity?
    1803Whether the Godhead can be seen by the wicked without joy?
    1820Q91: OF THE QUALITY OF THE WORLD AFTER THE JUDGMENT (FIVE ARTICLES)
    1821Whether the world will be renewed?
    1822Whether the movement of the heavenly bodies will cease?
    1823Whether the brightness of the heavenly bodies will be increased at this renewal?
    1824Whether the elements will be renewed by an addition of brightness?
    1825Whether the plants and animals will remain in this renewal?
    1840Q92: OF THE VISION OF THE DIVINE ESSENCE IN REFERENCE TO THE BLESSED* (THREE ARTICLES)
    1841Whether the human intellect can attain to the vision of God in His essence?
    Whether after the resurrection the saints will see God with the eyes of the body?
    1843Whether the saints, seeing God, see all that God sees? [*Cf. @I 12,7 12,8@]
    1860Q93: OF THE HAPPINESS OF THE SAINTS AND THEIR MANSIONS (THREE ARTICLES)
    1861Whether the happiness of the saints will be greater after the judgment than before?
    1862Whether the degrees of beatitude should be called mansions?
    1863Whether the various mansions are distinguished according to the various degrees of charity?
    1880Q94: OF THE RELATIONS OF THE SAINTS TOWARDS THE DAMNED (THREE ARTICLES)
    1881Whether the blessed in heaven will see the sufferings of the damned?
    1882Whether the blessed pity the unhappiness of the damned?
    1883Whether the blessed rejoice in the punishment of the wicked?
    1900Q95: OF THE GIFTS* OF THE BLESSED (FIVE ARTICLES) [*The Latin 'dos' signifies a dowry.]
    1901Whether any gifts should be assigned as dowry to the blessed?
    1902Whether the dowry is the same as beatitude*?
    1903Whether it is fitting that Christ should receive a dowry?
    1904Whether the angels receive the dowries?
    1905Whether three dowries of the soul are suitably assigned?
    1920Q96: OF THE AUREOLES (THIRTEEN ARTICLES)
    1921Whether the aureole is the same as the essential reward which is called the aurea?
    1922Whether the aureole differs from the fruit?
    1923Whether a fruit is due to the virtue of continence alone?
    1924Whether three fruits are fittingly assigned to the three parts of continence?
    1925Whether an aureole is due on account of virginity?
    1926Whether an aureole is due to martyrs?
    1927Whether an aureole is due to doctors?
    1928Whether an aureole is due to Christ?
    1929Whether an aureole is due to the angels?
    1930Whether an aureole is also due to the body?
    1931Whether three aureoles are fittingly assigned, those of virgins, of martyrs, and of doctors?
    1932Whether the virgin's aureole is the greatest of all?
    1933Whether one person has an aureole more excellently than another person?
    1940Q97: OF THE PUNISHMENT OF THE DAMNED (SEVEN ARTICLES)
    1941Whether in hell the damned are tormented by the sole punishment of fire?
    1942Whether the worm of the damned is corporeal?
    1943Whether the weeping of the damned will be corporeal?
    1944Whether the damned are in material darkness?
    1945Whether the fire of hell will be corporeal?
    1946Whether the fire of hell is of the same species as ours?
    1947Whether the fire of hell is beneath the earth?
    1960Q98: OF THE WILL AND INTELLECT OF THE DAMNED (NINE ARTICLES)
    1961Whether every act of will in the damned is evil?
    1962Whether the damned repent of the evil they have done?
    1963Whether the damned by right and deliberate reason would wish not to be?
    1964Whether in hell the damned would wish others were damned who are not damned?
    1965Whether the damned hate God?
    1966Whether the damned demerit?
    Whether the damned can make use of the knowledge they had in this world?
    1968Whether the damned will ever think of God?
    1969Whether the damned see the glory of the blessed?
    1980Q99: OF GOD'S MERCY AND JUSTICE TOWARDS THE DAMNED (FIVE ARTICLES)
    1981Whether by Divine justice an eternal punishment is inflicted on sinners?
    1982Whether by God's mercy all punishment of the damned, both men and demons, comes to an end?
    1983Whether God's mercy suffers at least men to be punished eternally?
    1984Whether the punishment of Christians is brought to an end by the mercy of God?
    1985Whether all those who perform works of mercy will be punished eternally?
    2000OF THE QUALITY OF THOSE SOULS WHO DEPART THIS LIFE WITH ORIGINAL SIN ONLY (TWO ARTICLES)
    2001Whether those souls which depart with original sin alone, suffer from a bodily fire, and are punished by fire?
    2002Whether these same souls suffer spiritual affliction on account of the state in which they are?
    2020OF THE QUALITY OF SOULS WHO EXPIATE ACTUAL SIN OR ITS PUNISHMENT IN PURGATORY (SIX ARTICLES)
    2021Whether the pains of Purgatory surpass all the temporal pains of this life?
    2022Whether this punishment is voluntary?
    2023Whether the soul in Purgatory are punished by the demons?
    2024Whether venial sin is expiated by the pains of Purgatory as regards the guilt?
    2025Whether the fire of Purgatory delivers from the debt of punishment?
    2026Whether one person is delivered from this punishment sooner than another?
    APPENDIX 2
    TWO ARTICLES ON PURGATORY
    2041Whether there is a Purgatory after this life?
    2042Whether it is the same place where souls are cleansed, and the damned punished?