1Chronicles - EinheitsÜbersetzung der Heiligen Sc
Originally the two books of Chronicles formed, with the Books of Ezra and Nehemiah, a single historical work, uniform in style and basic ideas. The Greek title, paraleipomena, means "things omitted, or passed over (in Samuel and Kings)." The Books of Chronicles, however, are more than a supplement to Samuel and Kings; a comparison of the two histories discloses striking differences in scope and purpose. The Books of Chronicles record in some detail the lengthy span from the reign of Saul to the return from the Exile. Unlike the exact science of history today, wherein factual accuracy and impartiality of judgment are the standards for estimating what is of permanent worth, ancient biblical history, with rare exceptions, was less concerned with reporting in precise detail all the facts of a situation than with explaining the meaning of those facts. Such history was primarily interpretative and, in the Old Testament, its purpose was to disclose the action of the living God in the affairs of men. For this reason we speak of it as "sacred history"; its writer's first concern was to bring out the divine or supernatural dimension in history. This is apparent when we examine the primary objective of the Chronicler in compiling his work. In view of the situation which confronted the Jewish people at this time (the end of the fifth century B.C.), the Chronicler realized that Israel's political greatness was a thing of the past. It would be a people under God, or nothing. Yet Israel's past held the key to her future. The Chronicler proposed to establish and defend the legitimate claims of the Davidic monarchy in Israel's history, and to underscore the place of Jerusalem and its divinely established temple worship as the center of religious life for the Jewish community of his day. If Judaism was to survive and prosper, it would have to heed the lessons of the past and devoutly serve Yahweh in the place where he had chosen to dwell, the temple of Jerusalem. From the Chronicler's point of view, David's reign was the ideal to which all subsequent rule in Judah must aspire. The Chronicler was much more interested in David's religious and cultic influence than in his political power. There is little of royal messianism in his book. He apparently regarded as something of the distant past the prophet Zechariah's abortive attempt to have the Davidic kingdom reestablished in the time of Zerubbabel at the end of the sixth century B.C. (Zechariah 6:9-15). He saw David's primary importance as deriving from the establishment of Jerusalem and its temple as the center of the true worship of the Lord. Furthermore, he presented David as the one who had authorized the elaborate ritual (which, in point of fact, only gradually evolved in the temple built by Zerubbabel) and who had also appointed Levites to supervise the liturgical services there. There are good reasons for believing that originally the Books of Ezra and Nehemiah formed the last part of a single literary work that began with 1 and 2 Chronicles. Some authors even regard Ezra himself as having been the anonymous Chronicler. In any case, the Chronicler's Hebrew as well as his religious and political outlook points to c. 400 B.C. as the time of composition of this work. The Chronicler used sources in writing his history. Besides the canonical Books of Genesis, Exodus, Numbers, Joshua and Ruth, and especially the Books of Samuel and Kings, he cites the titles of many other works no longer extant. "The books of the kings of Israel," or "the books of the kings of Israel and Judah," "the history of Samuel the seer," "the history of Nathan the prophet," "the history of Gad the seer," "the commentary on the Books of Kings," are some of the documents mentioned as historical sources. In addition, the Chronicler's work contains early preexilic material not found in the Books of Kings. At one time scholars discounted the value of this material, but modern research has shown that, even though the Chronicler may have at times treated the material rather freely, he derived it from authentic and reliable sources. - The principal divisions of 1 Chronicles are as follows: I. Genealogical Tables (1 Chron 1:1-9:34) II. The History of David (1 Chron 9:35-29:30) - (NAB)
  • ® Katholische Bibelanstalt GmbH, Stuttgart 1980

  • Headings


    Das erste Buch der Chronik
    Geschlechtsregister und Familienlisten: 1,1 - 9,44

    1 Die Nachkommen Adams bis Abraham
    Die Nachkommen Abrahams
    Die Herrscher in Edom
    2 Die Söhne Jakobs
    Der Stamm Juda: 2,3 - 4,23

    Die Nachkommen Judas
    Die Nachkommen Rams
    Die Nachkommen Kalebs
    Die Nachkommen Jerachmeels
    Die zweite Liste der Nachkommen Kalebs
    3 Die Nachkommen Davids
    4 Einzelne Familien des Stammes Juda:
    Der Stamm Simeon
    5 Der Stamm Ruben
    Der Stamm Gad
    Der Krieg mit Nachbarstämmen
    Der Stamm Ost-Manasse
    Der Stamm Levi
    6 Die Nachkommen der drei Söhne Levis
    Abstammung der Sänger
    Die Aufgaben der Leviten und Priester
    Die Nachkommen Aarons
    Die Wohnsitze der Leviten
    7 Der Stamm Issachar
    Der Stamm Benjamin
    Der Stamm Naftali
    Der Stamm Manasse
    Der Stamm Efraim
    Der Stamm Ascher
    8 Das zweite Verzeichnis des Stammes Benjamin
    Die Familie Sauls
    9 Jerusalemer Familien nach dem Exil
    Levitische Dienste
    Die Familie Sauls
    Die Geschichte Davids: 10,1 - 29,30

    10 Das Ende Sauls
    11 Die Anerkennung Davids als König
    Die Eroberung Jerusalems
    Davids Helden
    Weitere Helden Davids
    12 Das dritte Verzeichnis von Anhängern Davids
    Die Gefolgschaft bei der Thronerhebung in Hebron
    13 Die Überführung der Bundeslade nach Jerusalem
    14 Das Erstarken des Königtums
    Krieg mit den Philistern
    15 Die Überführung der Lade in die Davidstadt Die Vorbereitungen
    Der Einzug der Lade
    16 Das Loblied Davids
    Der Gottesdienst in Jerusalem und in Gibeon
    17 Die Verheißung an David
    Das Gebet Davids
    18 Die Beamten Davids
    19 Der Krieg mit den Ammonitern und Aramäern
    20 Einzelne Heldentaten
    21 Davids Volkszählung
    Die Bestimmung des Tempelplatzes
    22 Die Vorbereitungen für den Tempelbau
    23 Die Dienstklassen der Leviten
    Die Aufgaben der Leviten
    24 Die Dienstklassen der Priester
    Die Levitenordnung
    25 Die Dienstklassen der Sänger
    26 Die Torwächter
    Die Aufseher über die Schatzkammern
    Die Verwaltungsdienste
    27 Die Heerführer Davids
    Die Oberhäupter der Stämme
    Die Verwalter des königlichen Besitzes
    Die höchsten Beamten
    28 Der Auftrag zum Tempelbau
    29 Die Spenden für den Tempelbau
    Das Dankgebet Davids
    Salomos Thronbesteigung
    Der Abschluss der Geschichte Davids

    Revised Standard Version (1966) - English
    Nova Vulgata - Latin
    Biblia del Pueblo di Dio (BPD) - Spanish
    Vulgata - Stuttgart 1969 - Latin
    Bíblia Sagrada Ave-Maria (1957) - Portuguese
    La Sainte Bible (Crampon 1904) - French
    CEI (1974) - Italian