The First Epistle of Clement to the Corinthians1 51

1 Let us therefore implore forgiveness for all those transgressions which through any [suggestion] of the adversary we have committed. And those who have been the leaders of sedition and disagreement ought to have respect to the common hope.
For such as live in fear and love would rather that they themselves than their neighbours should be involved in suffering. And they prefer to bear blame themselves, rather than that the concord which has been well and piously228 handed down to us should suffer.
For it is better that a man should acknowledge his transgressions than that he should harden his heart, as the hearts of those were hardened who stirred up sedition against Moses the servant of God, and whose condemnation was made manifest [unto all].
For they went down alive into Hades, and death swallowed them up(Nb 16,33). Pharaoh with his army and all the princes of Egypt, and the chariots with their riders, were sunk in the depths of the Red Sea, and perished,230 for no other reason than that their foolish hearts were hardened, after so many signs and wonders had been wrought in the land of Egypt by Moses the servant of God.

Chapter LII.—Such a Confession is Pleasing to God.
1 The Lord, brethren, stands in need of nothing; and He desires nothing of any one, except that confession be made to Him.
For, says the elect David, “I will confess unto the Lord ; and that will please Him more than a young bullock that hath horns and hoofs. Let the poor see it, and be glad.”(Ps 68,31-33).
3 And again he saith, “Offer unto God the sacrifice of praise, and pay thy vows unto the Most High. And call upon Me in the day of thy trouble: I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify Me.(Ps 49,14-15)”.
4 For “the sacrifice of God is a broken spirit.”(Ps 50,19).

Chapter LIII.—The Love of Moses Towards His People.
1 Ye understand, beloved, ye understand well the Sacred Scriptures, and ye have looked very earnestly into the oracles of God. Call then these things to your remembrance. 2
When Moses went up into the mount, and abode there, with fasting and humiliation, forty days and forty nights, the Lord said unto him, “Moses, Moses, get thee down quickly from hence; for thy people whom thou didst bring out of the land of Egypt have committed iniquity. They have speedily departed from the way in which I commanded them to walk, and have made to themselves molten images.”(Ps 50,19).
3 And the Lord said unto him, “I have spoken to thee once and again, saying, I have seen this people, and, behold, it is a stiff-necked people: let Me destroy them, and blot out their name from under heaven; and I will make thee a great and wonderful nation, and one much more numerous than this.”(Dt 9,13-14).
4 But Moses said, “Far be it from Thee, Lord: pardon the sin of this people; else blot me also out of the book of the living.”(Ex 32,32).
5 O marvellous238 love! O insuperable perfection! The servant speaks freely to his Lord, and asks forgiveness for the people, or begs that he himself might perish239 along with them.

Chapter LIV.—He Who is Full of Love Will Incur Every Loss, that Peace May Be Restored to the Church.
1 Who then among you is noble-minded? who compassionate? who full of love? Let him declare, “If on my account sedition and disagreement and schisms have arisen, I will depart, I will go away whithersoever ye desire, and I will do whatever the majority240 commands; only let the flock of Christ live on terms of peace with the presbyters set over it.” He that acts thus shall procure to himself great glory in the Lord; and every place will welcome241 him. For “the earth is the Lord’s, and the fulness thereof.”242 These things they who live a godly life, that is never to be repented of, both have done and always will do.

Chapter LV.—Examples of Such Love.
1 To bring forward some examples from among the heathen: Many kings and princes, in times of pestilence, when they had been instructed by an oracle, have given themselves up to death, in order that by their own blood they might deliver their fellow-citizens [from destruction].
Many have gone forth from their own cities, that so sedition might be brought to an end within them. We know many among ourselves who have given themselves up to bonds, in order that they might ransom others. Many, too, have surrendered themselves to slavery, that with the price243 which they received for themselves, they might provide food for others.
Many women also, being strengthened by the grace of God, have performed numerous manly exploits.
The blessed Judith, when her city was besieged, asked of the elders permission to go forth into the camp of the strangers;
and, exposing herself to danger, she went out for the love which she bare to her country and people then besieged; and the Lord delivered Holofernes into the hands of a woman.
Esther also, being perfect in faith, exposed herself to no less danger, in order to deliver the twelve tribes of Israel from impending destruction. For with fasting and humiliation she entreated the everlasting God, who seeth all things; and He, perceiving the humility of her spirit, delivered the people for whose sake she had encountered peril.

Chapter LVI.—Let Us Admonish and Correct One Another.
1 Let us then also pray for those who have fallen into any sin, that meekness and humility may be given to them, so that they may submit, not unto us, but to the will of God. For in this way they shall secure a fruitful and perfect remembrance from us, with sympathy for them, both in our prayers to God, and our mention of them to the saints.
Let us receive correction, beloved, on account of which no one should feel displeased. Those exhortations by which we admonish one another are both good [in themselves] and highly profitable, for they tend to unite247 us to the will of God.
For thus saith the holy Word: “The Lord hath severely chastened me, yet hath not given me over to death.”(Ps 117,18)
4 “For whom the Lord loveth He chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom He receiveth.”(Pr 3,12).
5 “The righteous,” saith it, “shall chasten me in mercy, and reprove me; but let not the oil of sinners make fat my head.”(Ps 140,5).
6 And again he saith, “Blessed is the man whom the Lord reproveth, and reject not thou the warning of the Almighty. For He causes sorrow, and again restores [to gladness];
He woundeth, and His hands make whole.
He shall deliver thee in six troubles, yea, in the seventh no evil shall touch thee.
In famine He shall rescue thee from death, and in war He shall free thee from the power of the sword.
From the scourge of the tongue will He hide thee, and thou shalt not fear when evil cometh.
Thou shalt laugh at the unrighteous and the wicked, and shalt not be afraid of the beasts of the field.
For the wild beasts shall be at peace with thee:
then shalt thou know that thy house shall be in peace, and the habitation of thy tabernacle shall not fail.
Thou shall know also that thy seed shall be great, and thy children like the grass of the field.
And thou shall come to the grave like ripened corn which is reaped in its season, or like a heap of the threshing-floor which is gathered together at the proper time.”(Jb 5,17-26).
16 Ye see, beloved, that protection is afforded to those that are chastened of the Lord; for since God is good, He corrects us, that we may be admonished by His holy chastisement.

Chapter LVII.—Let the Authors of Sedition Submit Themselves.
1 Ye therefore, who laid the foundation of this sedition, submit yourselves to the presbyters, and receive correction so as to repent, bending the knees of your hearts.
Learn to be subject, laying aside the proud and arrogant self-confidence of your tongue. For it is better for you that ye should occupy254 a humble but honourable place in the flock of Christ, than that, being highly exalted, ye should be cast out from the hope of His people.
For thus speaketh all-virtuous Wisdom: “ Behold, I will bring forth to you the words of My Spirit, and I will teach you My speech.
Since I called, and ye did not hear; I held forth My words, and ye regarded not, but set at naught My counsels, and yielded not at My reproofs; therefore I too will laugh at your destruction; yea, I will rejoice when ruin cometh upon you, and when sudden confusion overtakes you, when overturning presents itself like a tempest, or when tribulation and oppression fall upon you.
For it shall come to pass, that when ye call upon Me, I will not hear you; the wicked shall seek Me, and they shall not find Me. For they hated wisdom, and did not choose the fear of the Lord; nor would they listen to My counsels, but despised My reproofs.
Wherefore they shall eat the fruits of their own way, and they shall be filled with their own ungodliness.” …

Chapter LVIII.—Blessings Sought for All that Call Upon God.
1 May God, who seeth all things, and who is the Ruler of all spirits and the Lord of all flesh—who chose our Lord Jesus Christ and us through Him to be a peculiar people—grant to every soul that calleth upon His glorious and holy Name, faith, fear, peace, patience, long-suffering, self-control, purity, and sobriety, to the well-pleasing of His Name, through our High Priest and Protector, Jesus Christ, by whom be to Him glory, and majesty, and power, and honour, both now and for evermore. Amen.

Chapter LIX.—The Corinthians are Exhorted Speedily to Send Back Word that Peace Has Been Restored. The Benediction.
1 Send back speedily to us in peace and with joy these our messengers to you: Claudius Ephebus and Valerius Bito, with Fortunatus: that they may the sooner announce to us the peace and harmony we so earnestly desire and long for [among you], and that we may the more quickly rejoice over the good order re-established among you.
The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you, and with all everywhere that are the called of God through Him, by whom be to Him glory, honour, power, majesty, and eternal dominion, from everlasting to everlasting.260 Amen.

1: In the only known ms. of this Epistle, the title is thus given at the close.

2: [Note the fact that the Corinthians asked this of their brethren, the personal friends of their apostle St. Paul. Clement’s own name does not appear in this Epistle.]

3: Literally, “is greatly blasphemed.”

4: Literally, “did not prove your all-virtuous and firm faith.”

5: Eph. v. 21; 1 Pet. v. 5.

6: Acts xx. 35.

7: Literally, “ye embraced it in your bowels.” [Concerning the complaints of Photius (ninth century) against Clement, see Bull’s Defensio Fidei Nicaenae, Works, vol. v. p. 132.]

8: 1 Pet. ii. 17.

9: So, in the ms., but many have suspected that the text is here corrupt. Perhaps the best emendation is that which substitutes ????????????, “compassion,” for ???????????, “conscience.”

10: Tit. iii. 1.

11: Prov. vii. 3.

12: Literally, “enlargement”

13: Deut. xxxii. 15.

14: It seems necessary to refer ????? to God, in opposition to the translation given by Abp. Wake and others.

15: Literally, “Christ;” comp. 2 Cor. i. 21, Eph. iv. 20.

16: Wisd. ii. 24.

17: Gen. iv. 3–8. The writer here, as always, follows the reading of the Septuagint, which in this passage both alters and adds to the Hebrew text. We have given the rendering approved by the best critics; but some prefer to translate, as in our English version, “unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.” See, for an ancient explanation of the passage, Irenaeus, Adv. Haer., iv. 18, 3.

18: Gen. xxvii. 41, etc.

19: Gen. xxxvii.

20: Ex. ii. 14.

21: Num. xii. 14, 15. [In our copies of the Septuagint this is not affirmed of Aaron.]

22: Num. xvi. 33.

23: 1 Kings xviii. 8, etc.

24: Literally, “those who have been athletes.”

25: Some fill up the lacunnae here found in the ms. so as to read, “have come to a grievous death.”

26: Literally, “good.” [The martyrdom of St. Peter is all that is thus connected with his arrival in Rome. His numerous labours were restricted to the Circumcision.]

27: Seven  imprisonments of St. Paul are not referred to in Scripture.

28: Archbishop Wake here reads “scourged.” We have followed the most recent critics in filling up the numerous lacunnae in this chapter.

29: Some think Rome, others Spain, and others even Britain, to be here referred to. [See note at end.]

30: That is, under Tigellinus and Sabinus, in the last year of the Emperor Nero; but some think Helius and Polycletus referred to; and others, both here and in the preceding sentence, regard the words as denoting simply the witness  borne by Peter and Paul to the truth of the gospel before the rulers of the earth.

31: Some suppose these to have been the names of two eminent female martyrs under Nero; others regard the clause as an interpolation. [Many ingenious conjectures might be cited; but see Jacobson’s valuable note, Patres Apostol., vol. i. p. 30.]

32: Literally, “have reached to the stedfast course of faith.”

33: Gen. ii. 23.

34: Some insert “Father.”

35: Gen. vii.; 1 Pet. iii. 20; 2 Pet. ii. 5.

36: Jonah iii.

37: Ezek. xxxiii. 11.

38: Ezek. xviii. 11.

39: Comp. Isa. i. 18.

40: These words are not found in Scripture, though they are quoted again by Clem. Alex. (Paedag., i. 10) as from Ezekiel.

41: Isa. i. 16–20.

42: Some read ????????????, “vain talk.”

43: Gen. v. 24; Heb. xi. 5. Literally, “and his death was not found.”

44: Isa. xli. 8; 2 Chron. xx. 7; Judith viii. 19; James ii. 23.

45: Gen. xii. 1–3.

46: Gen. xiii. 14–16.

47: Gen. xv. 5, 6; Rom. iv. 3.

48: Gen. xxi. 22; Heb. xi. 17.

49: Gen. xix.; comp. 2 Pet. ii. 6–9.

50: So Joseph, Antiq., i. 11, 4; Irenaeus, Adv. Haer., iv. 31.

51: Literally, “become a judgment and sign.”

52: Josh. ii.; Heb. xi. 31.

53: Others of the Fathers adopt the same allegorical interpretation, e.g., Justin Mar., Dial. c. Tryph., n. 111; Irenaeus, Adv. Haer., iv. 20. [The whole matter of symbolism under the law must be more thoroughly studied if we would account for such strong language as is here applied to a poetical or rhetorical figure.]

54: Jer. ix. 23, 24; 1 Cor. i. 31; 2 Cor. x. 17.

55: Comp. Matt. vi. 12–15, vii. 2; Luke vi. 36–38.

56: Isa. lxvi. 2.

57: Prov. ii. 21, 22.

58: Ps. xxxvii. 35–37. “Remnant” probably refers either to the memory  or posterity  of the righteous.

59: Isa. xxix. 13; Matt. xv. 8; Mark vii. 6.

60: Ps. lxii. 4.

61: Ps. lxxviii. 36, 37.

62: Ps. xxxi. 18.

63: These words within brackets are not found in the ms., but have been inserted from the Septuagint by most editors.

64: Ps. xii. 3–5.

65: The Latin of Cotelerius, adopted by Hefele and Dressel, translates this clause as follows: “I will set free the wicked on account of His sepulchre, and the rich on account of His death.”

66: The reading of the ms. is ??????????, “purify, or free, Him from stripes.” We have adopted the emendation of Junius.

67: Wotton reads, “If He make.”

68: Or, “fill  Him with understanding,” if ?????? should be read instead of ??????, as Grabe suggests.

69: Isa. liii. The reader will observe how often the text of the Septuagint, here quoted, differs from the Hebrew as represented by our authorized English version.

70: Ps. xxii. 6–8.

71: Heb. xi. 37.

72: Gen. xviii. 27.

73: Job i. 1.

74: Job xiv. 4, 5. [Septuagint.]

75: Num. xii. 7; Heb. iii. 2.

76: Some fill up the lacunna which here occurs in the ms. by “Israel.”

77: Ex. iii. 11, iv. 10.

78: This is not found in Scripture. [They were probably in Clement’s version. Comp. Ps. cxix. 83.]

79: Or, as some render, “to whom.”

80: Ps. lxxxix. 21.

81: Or, “when Thou judgest.”

82: Literally, “in my inwards.”

83: Literally, “bloods.”

84: Ps. li. 1–17.

85: Literally, “Becoming partakers of many great and glorious deeds, let us return to the aim of peace delivered to us from the beginning.” Comp. Heb. xii. 1.

86: Or, “collections.”

87: Job xxxviii. 11.

88: Or, “stations.”

89: Prov. xx. 27.

90: Comp. Heb. xiii. 17; 1 Thess. v. 12, 13.

91: Or, “the presbyters.”

92: Some read, “by their silence.”

93: Comp. 1 Tim. v. 21.

94: Some translate, “who turn to Him.”

95: Ps. xxxiv. 11–17.

96: Ps. xxxii. 10.

97: Or, as some render, “neither let us have any doubt of.”

98: Some regard these words as taken from an apocryphal book, others as derived from a fusion of James i. 8 and 2 Pet. iii. 3, 4.

99: Hab. ii. 3; Heb. x. 37.

100: Mal. iii. 1.

101: Comp. 1 Cor. xv. 20; Col. i. 18.

102: Comp. Luke viii. 5.

103: This fable respecting the phoenix is mentioned by Herodotus (ii. 73) and by Pliny (Nat. Hist., x. 2.) and is used as above by Tertullian (De Resurr., §13) and by others of the Fathers.

104: Literally, “the mightiness of His promise.”

105: Ps. xxviii. 7, or some apocryphal book.

106: Comp. Ps. iii. 6.

107: Job xix. 25, 26.

108: Comp. Tit. i. 2; Heb. vi. 18.

109: Or, “majesty.”

110: Wisd. xii. 12, xi. 22.

111: Comp. Matt. xxiv. 35.

112: Literally, “If the heavens,” etc

113: Ps. xix. 1–3.

114: Literally, “abominable lusts of evil deeds.”

115: Ps. cxxxix. 7–10.

116: Literally “has made us to Himself a part of election.”

117: Literally, “sowed abroad.”

118: Deut. xxxii. 8, 9.

119: Formed apparently from Num. xviii. 27 and 2 Chron. xxxi. 14. Literally, the closing words are, “the holy of holies.”

120: Some translate, “youthful lusts.”

121: Prov. iii. 34; James iv. 6; 1 Pet. v. 5.

122: Job xi. 2, 3. The translation is doubtful. [But see Septuagint.]

123: Literally, “what are the ways of His blessing.”

124: Literally, “unroll.”

125: Comp. James ii. 21.

126: Some translate, “knowing what was to come.”

127: Gen. xxii.

128: So Jacobson: Wotton reads, “fleeing from his brother.”

129: The meaning is here very doubtful. Some translate “the gifts which were given to Jacob by Him,” i.e., God.

130: ms. ????? ?????, referring to the gifts: we have followed the emendation ?????, adopted by most editors. Some refer the word to God, and not Jacob.

131: Comp. Rom. ix. 5.

132: Gen. xxii. 17, xxviii. 4.

133: Or, “commandment.”

134: Or, “in addition to all.”

135: Gen. i. 26, 27.

136: Gen. i. 28.

137: Or, “let us consider.”

138: Or, “labourer.”

139: Isa. xl. 10, lxii. 11; Rev. xxii. 12.

140: The text here seems to be corrupt. Some translate, “He warns us with all His heart to this end, that,” etc.

141: Dan. vii. 10.

142: Isa. vi. 3.

143: 1 Cor. ii. 9.

144: Some translate, “in liberty.”

145: Or, “of the ages.”

146: The reading is doubtful: some have ???????????, “want of a hospitable spirit.” [So Jacobson.]

147: Rom. i. 32.

148: Literally, “didst run with.”

149: Literally, “didst weave.”

150: Or, “layest a snare for.”

151: Ps. l. 16–23. The reader will observe how the Septuagint followed by Clement differs from the Hebrew.

152: Literally, “that which saves us.”

153: Or, “rejoices to behold.”

154: Or, “knowledge of immortality.”

155: Heb. i. 3, 4.

156: Ps. civ. 4; Heb. i. 7.

157: Some render, “to the Son.”

158: Ps. ii. 7, 8; Heb. i. 5.

159: Ps. cx. i; Heb. i. 13.

160: Some read, “who oppose their own will to that of God.”

161: Literally, “in these there is use.”

162: 1 Cor. xii. 12, etc.

163: Literally, “all breathe together.”

164: Literally, “use one subjection.”

165: Literally, “according as he has been placed in his charism.”

166: Comp. Prov. xxvii. 2.

167: The ms. is here slightly torn, and we are left to conjecture.

168: Comp. Ps. cxxxix. 15.

169: Literally, “and silly and uninstructed.”

170: Literally, “a breath.”

171: Or, “has perceived.”

172: Some render, “they perished at the gates.”

173: Job iv. 16–18, xv. 15, iv. 19–21, v. 1–5.

174: Some join kata kairou" tetagmenou", “at stated times.” to the next sentence. [1 Cor. xvi. 1, 2.]

175: Literally, “to His will.” [Comp. Rom. xv. 15, 16, Greek.]

176: Or, “consider.” [This chapter has been cited to prove the earlier date for this Epistle. But the reference to Jerusalem may be an ideal present.]

177: Or, “by the command of.”

178: Or, “by the command of.”

179: Literally, “both things were done.”

180: Or, “confirmed by.”

181: Or, “having tested them in spirit.”

182: Or, “overseers.”

183: Or, “servants.”

184: Isa. lx. 17, Sept.; but the text is here altered by Clement. The LXX. have “I will give thy rulers in peace, and thy overseers in righteousness.”

185: Num. xii. 10; Heb. iii. 5.

186: Literally, “every tribe being written according to its name.”

187: See Num. xvii.

188: Literally, “on account of the title of the oversight.” Some understand this to mean, “in regard to the dignity of the episcopate;” and others simply, “on account of the oversight.”

189: The meaning of this passage is much controverted. Some render, “left a list of other approved persons;” while others translate the unusual word ???????, which causes the difficulty, by “testamentary direction,” and many others deem the text corrupt. We have given what seems the simplest version of the text as it stands. [Comp. the versions of Wake, Chevallier, and others.]

190: i.e., the apostles.

191: Or, “oversight.”

192: Literally, “presented the offerings.”

193: Or, “Ye perceive.”

194: Or, “For.”

195: Dan. vi. 16.

196: Dan. iii. 20.

197: Literally, “worshipped.”

198: Literally, “serve.”

199: Or, “lifted up.”

200: Literally, “To such examples it is right that we should cleave.”

201: Not found in Scripture.

202: Literally, “be.”

203: Or, “thou wilt overthrow.”

204: Ps. xviii. 25, 26.

205: Or, “war.” Comp. James iv. 1.

206: Comp. Eph. iv. 4–6.

207: Rom. xvii. 5.

208: This clause is wanting in the text.

209: This clause is wanting in the text.

210: Comp. Matt. xviii. 6, xxvi. 24; Mark ix. 42; Luke xvii. 2.

211: Literally, “in the beginning of the Gospel.” [Comp. Philipp. iv. 15.]

212: Or, “spiritually.”

213: 1 Cor. iii. 13, etc.

214: Or, “inclinations for one above another.”

215: Literally, “of conduct in Christ.”

216: Or, “aliens from us,” i.e., the Gentiles.

217: Literally “remove.”

218: Literally, “becoming merciful.”

219: Ps. cxviii. 19, 20.

220: James v. 20; 1 Pet. iv. 8.

221: Comp. 1 Cor. xiii. 4, etc.

222: [Comp. Irenaeus, v. 1; also Mathetes, Ep. to Diognetus, cap. ix.]

223: Literally, “visitation.”

224: Or, “good.”

225: Isa xxvi. 20.

226: Ps. xxxii. 1, 2.

227: Or, “look to.”

228: Or, “righteously.”

229: Num. xvi.

230: Ex. xiv.

231: Ps. lxix. 31,32.

232: Or, “sacrifice.”

233: Ps. 1. 14,15.

234: Ps. li, 17.

235: Ex. xxxii. 7, etc.; Deut. ix.12, etc.

236: Ex. xxxii. 9, etc.

237: Ex. xxxii. 32.

238: Or, “mighty.”

239: Literally, “be wiped out.”

240: Literally, “the multitude.” [Clement here puts words into the mouth of the Corinthian presbyters. It has been strangely quoted to strengthen a conjecture that he had humbly preferred Linus and Cletus when first called to preside.]

241: Or, “receive.”

242: Ps. xxiv 1; 1 Cor. x. 26, 28.

243: Literally, “and having received their prices, fed others.”[Comp. Rom. xvi. 3, 4, and Phil. ii. 30.]

244: Judith viii. 30.

245: Esther vii., viii.

246: Literally, “there whall be to them a fruitful and perfect remembrance, with compassions both towards God and the saints.”

247: Or, “they unite.”

248: Ps. cxviii. 18.

249: Prov. iii. 12; Heb. xii. 6.

250: Ps. cxli. 5.

251: Literally, “hand.”

252: Literally, “err” or “sin.”

253: Job v. 17–26.

254: Literally, “to be found small and esteemed.”

255: Literally, “His hope.” [It has been conjectured that ??????? should be ?????????, and the reading, “out of the fold of his people.” See Chevallier.]

256: Prov. i. 23–31. [Often cited by this name in primitive writers.]

257: Junius (Pat. Young), who examined the ms. before it was bound into its present form, stated that a whole leaf was here lost. The next letters that occur are ????, which have been supposed to indicate ????? or ??????. Doubtless some passages quoted by the ancients from the Epistle of Clement, and not now found in it, occurred in the portion which has thus been lost.

258: Comp. Tit. ii. 14.

259: Literally, “an eternal throne.”

260: Literally, “From the ages to the ages of ages.”

261: [Note St. Clement’s frequent doxologies.][N.B.—The language of Clement concerning the Western progress of St. Paul (cap. v.) is our earliest postscript to his Scripture biography. It is sufficient to refer the reader to the great works of Conybeare and Howson, and of Mr. Lewin, on the Life and Epistles of St. Paul. See more especially the valuable note of Lewin (vol. ii. p. 294) which takes notice of the opinion of some learned men, that the great Apostle of the Gentiles preached the Gospel in Britain. The whold subject of St. Paul’s relations with British Christians is treated by Williams, in his Antiquities of the Cymry, with learning and in an attractive manner. But the reader will find more ready to his hand, perhaps, the interesting note of Mr. Lewin, on Claudia and Pudens (2 Tim x. 21), in his Life and Epistles of St. Paul, vol. ii. p. 392. See also Paley’s Horae Paulinae, p. 40. London, 1820.]

The First Epistle of Clement to the Corinthians1 51