Jerome 699

699 1 That is, the square character which was of Assyrian origin. As to how far the tradition is true, see Davidson’s “Biblical Criticisms” (1854), p. 22, and the authorities there referred to.

2 iii. 39. All the males from a month old and upwards are said to have been twenty-two thousand.

3 These are the alphabetical Psalms which, being mainly didactic, were written acrostically to assist the memory. Others partially acrostic are ix., x., xxv., xxxiv., to make the alphabet complete in 37,[

 in verse 28 must be supposed to be represented by µlr[l

, and t

 in verse 39 by jyhctr

4 More correctly Torah.

5 The laws or instructions of Ezra. By many of the Jews Esd was regarded as the author of the Twelve Prophets.

6 Jerome has in the text the Greek equivalent paraleipomenwn.

7 That is, Esd and Nehemiah.

8 Paula and Eustochium.

700 9 (Ps 39,2 sq).

10 eschmatismeno".

11 A small fish well known to the ancients, but apparently not identified with any species known to us.

12 (Jb 3,3,

13 xlii. 6).

14 Reading studiosum me magis quam malevolum probet. Substituting se for me, according to some manuscripts, we must translate “and thus show that he is actuated more by a love of learning than by malice.”

15 x. 11.

16 To split. The word has no sort of etymological connection with scino". Susanna, 54, 55, 58, 59. When the first elder says the crime was committed under a mastich tree (schinos), Daniel answers, “God shall cut thee in two” (schisei).

17 The mastich tree.

18 To saw.

19 The holm-oak.

701 20 In the LXX. the story of Bel and the Dragon bears a special heading as “part of the prophecy of Habakkuk.”—Westcott. The angel is said to have carried Habakkuk with a dish of food in his hand for Daniel from Judaea to Babylon.

21 Cor. 12,2.

22 The bitter enemy of the Christian faith. Born at Tyre 223. Died at Rome about 304.

23 Bishop of Patara in Lycia, and afterwards of Tyre. Suffered martydom 302 or 303).

1 See Preface to Esd (Vulgate)).

1 Interpres).

2 That is, the allegorical or mystical sense.

3 Alieno stomacho).

4 Didymus, the blind teacher of Alexandria.

5 (He became bishop of Laodicea about 362. About 376 his followers became a sect, and about the same time he set up bishops of his own at Antioch and elsewhere.

6 Probably from Batanea, the ancient Bashan, where Porphyry is said to have been born.

702 7 “The patriarch (of the Montanists) resided at Pepuza, a small town or village in Phrygia, to which the sectaries gave the mystical name of Jerusalem, as believing that it would be the seat of the Millennial Kingdom, which was the chief subject of their hopes. Hence they derived the names of Pepuzians and Cataphrygians.”—Robertson, Ch. Hist., vol. 1,p. 76.

8 The Ophites, who took their name from ofi", a serpent, supposed the serpent of Genesis 3,to have been either the Divine Wisdom or the Christ Himself, come to set men free from the ignorance in which the Demiurge wished to keep them. The sect began in the second century and lasted until the sixth.

9 The Ben. editor prefers the form Tascodrogi, and states that it is the Phrygian or Galatian equivalent for Passaloryncitae. The sect is said to have been so called from their habit of putting the finger to the nose when praying.

10 Heretics who made offerings of bread and cheese (arto-turo"). Arto-tyros).—Aug. de Haeres, No. 28.

11 The people who lived between the Moselle and the Forest of Ardennes in and about the modern Treves.

12 The Athenaeum was the name specially given to a school founded by the Emperor Hadrian at Rome, about a.d. 133, for the promotion of literary and scientific studies. The word denoted in general any place consecrated to the goddess Athena).

13 Angulis. So. Cic. Rep. 1,2).

14 Pelagius.

15 That is. Rufinus. See Preface to Book 12,of Isaiah, where Ruffnus is called Grunnius Corocotta Porcellus, and Preface to Book 4,of Jeremiah.

16 Scotorum pultibus praegravatus. The words have been translated “made fat with Scotch flummery” (Stillingfleet). Another rendering is, “having his belly filled and his head bedulled with Scotch porridge” (Wall on Infant Baptism, pt. i.c. 19, §3). Some think the words refer to Celestius, Pelagius’ Supporter.

17 The letter to Pammachius (Jer. Letter XLVIII). in defence of the book against Jovinianus.

703 18 Jovinian was condemned in a Synod at Rome about 390. Thirty years had thus passed since the events occurred to which Jerome refers. See Preface to the treatise against Jovinian.

19 Under whose care Eustochium had been trained.

20 By the Goths under Alaric. The city was taken in a.d. 410).

21 (Ps 39,3,
Ps 39,4 Ps 39,

22 (Si 22,6 Si 22,

23 Rufinus who died a.d. 410, in Sicily, on his way to the Holy Land from Aquileia and Rome, whence he had been driven by the troubles in Italy.

24 The giants who bore those names. See Hor. III. od. 4).

25 These four and Habakkuk are mentioned in the De Vir. Ill. (a.d. 492), and were written about that date, Jonah three years after, but Obadiah probably not till 403. The rest are fixed to the Sixth Consulate of Arcadius, 406.

26 But see Preface to Jonah, which is addressed to Chromatius 27 The year a.d. 406..

[1]Roberts, Alexander and Donaldson, James, Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Second Series: Volume VI, (Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc). 1997.

Jerome 699