Fathers' Historical writings 718

718 691 cf. Epp. CXLIII and CLXXVII.

692 1Co 10,13.

693 (
Ps 31,9 Ps 31,

694 Himerius was of the “Conciliabulum,” and a staunch Nestorian. LeQuien points out that he, as well as Theodoret, became ultimately reconciled to the victorious party.

695 This according to Marius Mercator is the conclusion of a letter to Alexander of Hierapolis. Garnerius had edited it as the conclusion of the preceding letter to Himerius. Vide Mans. V. 880.

696 This letter was also edited by Garnerius as addressed to Himerius but is inscribed by Schulze to Alexander of Hierapoils. It is to be found complete in Mans. 927.

697 This letter is to be found complete in Latin in Mans. Synod. 840, Schulze’s Index inscribing it to Andreas the Constantinopolitan monk. cf. Ep. CLXII. and note.

698 The complete letter is given in another Latin version Baluz. Synod. LXVI. Garnerius makes it the conclusion of the letter to Andrew of Samosata.

699 The order of events is reversed. Jn and his friends went from Ephesus to Chalcedon, from Chalcedon via Ancyra to Tarsus, where he was in his own patriarchate, and held a council, confirming Cyril’s deposition, and pledging its members never to abandon Nestorius. Again at Antioch the same course was repeated.

700 Vide Migne LXXVII. 327. Cyril. Ep. lxiii.

701 This letter is inserted in the Act. Synod. (vide Mans. 9,295) as addressed to John, but Garnerius, with general acceptance, has substituted Domnus. Its genuineness was contested by Baronius (an. 6,23) not only on the ground of its ascription to Jn who predeceased Cyril four years; but also because its expressions are at once too Nestorian in doctrine and too extreme in bitterness to have been penned by Theodoret. Garnerius is of opinion that the extreme Nestorianism and bitterness of feeling are no arguments against the authorship of Theodoret; and, as we have already had occasion to notice, our author can on occasion use very strong language, as for instance in Letter CL. p. 324, where he alludes to Cyril as a shepherd not only plague smitten himself but doing his best to inflict more damage on his flock than that caused by beast of prey, by infecting his charge with his disease.

719 “It must be needless to add that Cyril’s character is not to be estimated aright by ascribing any serious value to a coarse and ferocious invective agains this memory, which was quoted as Theodoret’s in the fifth Geueral Council (Theodor. Ep 180 see Tillemont, Ep 14,16). If it were indeed the production of the pen of Theodoret, the reputation which would suffer from it would assuredly be his own.” Canon Bright. Dict. Christ. Bios. I.

“The long and bitter controversy in which both parties did and said many things they must have had cause deeply to regret, was closed by the death of Cyril, June 9, or 27, 444. With Baronius, ‘the cautious0’ Tillemont, Cardinal Newman and Dr. Bright, we should be glad to ‘utterly scout0’ the idea, that the ‘atrocious letter0’ on Cyril’s death ascribed to Theodoret by the Fifth Oecumenical Council (Theod. ed Schulze, Ep 180 Labbe, Ep 5,251) which he was said to have delivered by way of paean (Bright u. s. 176) and ‘the scarcely less scandalous0’ sermon (ib). can have been written by him. ‘To treat it as genuine would be to vilify Theodoret.0’ ‘The Fathers of the Council0’ writes Dr. Newman ‘are no authority on such a matter0’ (Hist. Sketches p. 359). A painful suspicion of their genuineness, however, still lingers and troubles our conception of Theodoret. The documents may have been garbled, but the general tone too much resembles that of undisputed polemical writings of Theodoret’s to allow us entirely to repudiate them. We wish we could. Neander (vol. 4,p. 13, note, Clark’s tr). is inclined to accept the genuineness of the letter, the arguments against which he does not regard as carrying conviction, and to a large extent deriving their weight from Tillemont’s ‘Catholic standpoint.0’ That Theodoret should speak in this manner of Cyril’s character and death cannot, he thinks, appear surprising to those who, without prejudice, contemplate Cyril and his relations to Theodoret. The playful description, after the manner of Lucian, of a voyage to the Shades below, is not to be reckoned a very sharp thing even in Theodoret. The advice to put a heavy stone over his grave to keep Cyril down is sufficient proof that the whole is a bitter jest. The world felt freer now Cyril was gone; and he does not shrink from telling a friend that he could well spare him. ‘The exaggeration of rhetorical polemics requires many grains of allowance.0’” Canon Venables. Dict. Christ. Biog. 4,

702 I. Sam. 17,26.

703 Lucian. “Cataplus sive Tyrannus.”Cyniscus and Megapenthes come to the shore of Styx in the same batch of ghosts.

Megapenthes begs hard of Clotho to let him go back again, but Cyniscus the philosopher, who professes great delight at having died at last, refuses to get into the boat. “No; by Zeus, not till we have bound this fellow here, and set him on board, for I am afraid he will get over you by his entrearies.”

704 (Ps 146,4 Ps 146,

705 (Is 37,29 Is 37,

706 This letter may be dated from Nicerte in the autumn of 450 when Abundius was at Constantinople on a mission from Leo, after the failure to get Theodosius to agree to the summary of the Council in the West. Theodosius died a few days after the arrival of the envoys at Constantinople. Theodoret is anxious to encourage the Roman Legates to support the orthodox cause in the Imperial city, to repair the mischief caused by the Latrocinium, and to show the court that he and his friends Ibas and Aquilinus had the support of Leo. Abundius, fourth bishop of Como (450–469) represented Leo at Chalcedon. Manzoni, in the Promessi Sposi, reminds us of the local survival of the name.

707 (Is 1,9).

708 After all the storms of controversy and quarrel which we have followed in the course of the dialogues and letters of the Blessed Bishop of Cyrus; after the lurid leap of grim pleasantry which, if not actually penned by Theodoret, indicates a temper that must have often shown itself in these troubled times; there is something pathetic and encouraging in the concilatory conclusion of this last letter. Cyril has been dead for years, and his weaknesses are forgotten in a confession which his more moderate opponents could accept. The subscription of Theodoret to the tome of Leo is an earnest of harmony and concord. The calmer wisdom of the West asserts the truth which underlay the furious disputes of the subtler East. The last word of the drama is Peace).

1 Dexter. Compare chapters 132 and 106.

720 2 Tranquillus. C. Suetonius Tranquillus (about a.d. 100)). De illustribus grammaticis; De claris rhetoribus.

3 Published or handed down “Prodiderunt.” Some mss. read “tradiderunt,” and Jerome usually employs “Edo” for publish.

4 Fourteenth year of the Emperor Theodosius. a.d. 492.

5 Hermippus of Smyrna. (3rd century b.c.) Lives of distinguished men.

6 Antigonus. Antigonus of Carystus (Reign of Ptolemy Philadelphus?).

7 Satyrus. A Peripatetic (Reign of Ptolemy Philopator) “wrote a collection of biographies.”

8 Aristoxenus the musician. A Peripatetic, pupil of Aristotle, wrote lives of various Philosophers.

9 Varro. M. Terentius Varro the “most learned of the Romans” (died b.c. 28) published among other things a series of “portraits of seven hundred remarkable personages” (Ramsay in Smith’s Dictionary).

10 Santra. Santra the Grammarian?

11 Nepos. Cornelius Nepos friend of Cicero wrote Lives of Illustrious men.

12 Hyginus. Caius Julius Hyginus, freedman of Augustus and friend of Ovid.

721 13 Seek to stimulate 30 31 a [H e 21] and the mass of mss. also Fabricius; stimulate. A.T. Migne. Her.

14 Some A H 25 31 e 21. Fabricius; No T a? Migne Her.

15 The Lord Jesus A H T 25 31 e; The Lord Jesus Christ a; Our Lord Jesus Christ Bamb. Bern; My Lord Jesus Christ Norimb.

16 Out of the way corner of the earth i.e., Bethlehem.

17 In the name of the Lord Jesus Christ farewell T 25 31 a 21; do. omitting Christ A; omit all H e).

18 Died 65–6 or 67.

19 Dispersion. The technical “Dispersion”—the Jews out of Judea. Cf. Peter 1. 1. See Westcott in Smith’s Dict. of Bible.

20 Circumcision a paraphrase for “Hebrews” in Eusebius and Rufinus.

21 Simon Magus. That Peter met Simon Magus in Rome is a post-apostolic legend. Compare the Clementine literature.

22 Apocryphal. For literature on apocryphal works see Ante-Nic. Fath. ed. Coxe (N. Y. Chr. Lit. Co.,) vol. 9 pp. 95 sq. The Acts, Gospel, Preaching and Revelation are mentioned by Eusebius. The Judgment was added by Jerome.

This last has been much discussed of late in connection with the recently discovered Teaching of the Twelve. The identification of the Teaching with the Judgment is credited to Dr. von Gebhardt (Salmon in Smith and Wace Dict. 5,4 (1887) pp. 810–11). The recent literature of it is immense. Compare Schaff, Oldest Church Manual, and literature in Ante-Nic. Fath. vol. 9 pp. 83–86.

722 23 The textual variations on the chapter are numerous enough but none of them are sustained by the better mss. e.g). “First Simon Peter” “Simon Peter the Apostle” “Peter the Apostle” …“Called canonical” …“are considered apocryphal” …“the whole city.”

24 Died 62 or 63 (according to Josephus and Jerome) or 69 (Hegesippus).

25 Brother of the Lord. Ga 1, 19.

26 in his book Joh. 19, 25).

27 garments A H 25 30 e 21; wet garments T e 29.

28 Gospel according to the Hebrews. Compare Lipsius Gospels apocr, in Smith and Wace, Dict. v. 2 pp. 709–12.

29 Origen. H 31 a e 1021; Adamantius A T 25.

30 Died after 62.

31 Gospel …in Hebrew. Jerome seems to regard the Gospel according to the Hebrews mentioned by him above as the original Hebrew Text of Matthew. cf. Lightfoot, Ignatius 5,2. p. 295.

32 Nazarenes=Nasaraei. See Smith and Wace s.v.

33 Beroea some mss. read Veria and so Herding. The modern Aleppo.

723 34 Died after 62.

35 in it H 31 a e 10 21; omit A T 25 30.

36 Died 67?, probably after 64 at least.

37 Giscalis, supposed thus to have originated at Giscalis and to have gone from there to Tarsus, but this is not generally accepted).

38 The Lord stood by all mss. and eds; God. Her.

39 lion. 2Tm 4. 16–17.

40 from the mouth of the lion, and again shortly “The Lord delivered me” (substantially) A H 25 30 31 a e etc.; omit T. Her. There are slight variations; God H 21 Bamb Bern. Norimb.; I was delivered Val. Cypr. Tam. Par 1512 etc.

41 The Lord …kingdom 2Tm 4. 18.

42 for I …at hand 2Tm 4. 6.

43 into H 31 a e. and many others; in A T 25 30.

44 also to A H T 25 30 a e Norimb, Bamb.; also 3l; omit, Her. who seems to have omitted on some evidence possibly Bern.

724 45 Died in Salamis 53 (Ceillier Papebroch), 56 (Braunsberger), 61 (Breviarum romanum), 76 (Nirschl). The discussion of the date of his death is a good deal mixed up with the question of the authenticity of the work.

46 Mark Ac 15, 37.

47 Died 83–4?.

48 we send …churches 2Co 8. 18.

49 Luke …salutes you Col 4. 14.

50 Luke …with me 2Tm 4. 11.

51 fourth A T H 25 30 31 Val. etc.; fourteenth. Her. Sigbert. S. Crucis.

52 (Ac of Paul and Thecla (Ac = Journeyings) Cf. Ac of Paul and Thecla, tr. in Ante Nic. Fath. 5,8 pp. 487–92.

53 apocryphal writings A H 31 e a Bamb Norimb. Val. etc.; apocrypha Her. T 25 30.

54 apostle Paul A H e a etc. Val; omit Paul T 25 30 31 Her).

55 Flourished 45 to 55?.

725 56 She who A H T 25 30 31 a e Val etc; the church which. Her. and one mentioned by Vallarsi, also in Munich mss. 14370.

57 She who …saluteth you 1. Pet. 5. 13.

58 a book A H 31 a e etc; and Her.; omit T 25 30. This work entitled On a contemplative life is still extant but is generally regarded as not by Philo.

59 had all things in common Ac 2. 44.

60 so …saw A H a e 31? Val.; so he saw and recorded. T 25 30 Her.

61 Annianus succeeding him A H T 25 30 a e Val etc.; omit Her. 31.

62 Exiled to Patmos 94–95.

63 Gaius A H 25 30 31 a e; Caius Her. T.

64 in its turn A H T 31 a e Val. etc; omit T. 25 30.

65 after Nero A H 30 31 a e. Bamb. Norimb. Cypr. Val.; omit T 25).

66 Pertinax A H T 25 30 31 a e Norimb. Cypr. etc; Nerva Pertinax Bamb. Ambros. Her.; Nerva principe. Val.

726 67 The date of Hermas depends on what Hermas is supposed to be the author. He is supposed to be 1 the Hermas of the New Testament, or 2 the brother of Pius I (139–54) or 3 a still later Hermas. All these views have distinguished advocates, but this view of Jerome taken from Origen through Euse bius is not much accepted.

68 Hermas A T 25 30 e; Herman Her. Val. a 31; Hermam H Cypr.

69 Salute (omitting Asyncritus) A H T 25 30 31 a e etc. Cypr.; add Asyncritus Val. Her. Greek from the New Testament.

70 Hermes Patrobas Hermas A H T 25 30 a e Val. Gr. etc.; omit Hermes. A Her.

71 Salute …them Rm 15, 14.

72 Visited Rome a.d. 40, and must have lived (Edersheim) ten or fifteen years after his return.

73 From this etc. Ac 2, 4; Ac 4, 32.

74 desire to imitate the mss.; strive to be Cypr. Fabr. Val., on account of the difficult construction with imitate.

75 Caius Cypr. Fabr. Val.; Gaius all the mss.; omit Her.

76 Died 65.

77 Sotion Cypr. Val. Her.; Phothion fotion, fotinus Socion or Sozonis, the mss.

727 78 and Seneca A H e a 21 10 Fabr. Val. etc.; or Seneca T 25 30 31 Her).

79 Born a.d. 37, died after 97.

80 Flourished 100.

81 Justus a 21 10 Fabr. Val.; Justinus others.

82 Bishop 91 or 2–101. Died 110 (Euseb. Ch. Hist). It is by no means certain that Clemens Romanus is the Clemens mentioned in the New Testament. Compare discussions by Salmon in Smith and Wace, and M’Giffert in his translation of Eusebius.

83 With Clement …life Ph 4, 3.

84 Anacletus Val. Fabr. Her.; Anencletus, Anincletus, Anenclitus, H 25 31 e; Cletus (or Elitus). T 30 31; Anicletus, 10; Anecletus, A; Aneclitus, a.

85 apostle A H 25 30 31 a e; apostle Peter T Fabr. Val. Her.

86 Bishop about 70, died about 107.

87 In this last etc. Eusebius from whom he quotes says Smyrneans. Lightfoot maintains that Jerome had never seen the Epistles of Ignatius.

88 quotations etc. This is taken bodily from Eusebius. The translation is M’Giffert’s adapted to the Latin of Jerome).

728 89 tortures A H T 25 30 31 e; all the tortures a. Fabr. Val. Her.

90 Bishop 106 or 7—157–168 (?); 154 sq (Lipsius) Authorities differ as to dates of his death from 147–175. Bishop certainly (Salmon) 110.

91 130 (Salmon).

92 what John A H 25 30 31 a e; omit T Her.

93 Flourished 126 (125)? Not the Athenian bishop (Salmon). Work not extant).

94 Flourished 125, apology presented about 133.

95 Flourished about 130 or 135.

96 Various readings are Barcobus, Barcobeth, Barcho et, Bascobus et.

97 reckoning all but T and Her. which have nomenclature.

98 Died 180. Wrote his history in part before 167, and published after 175.

99 (He flourished T H a e 25 30 Val. Fabr.; They flourished Her.

729 100 up to the present day A H 31 e a; to day T 25 30.

101 Born about 104 (100?), Christian 133 (before 132 Holland) wrote apology about 150, died 167.

102 fourth book A T 25 30 Val. Her.; fifth H 31 a e Fabr. and early editions; The right reference is probably Bk. 4 ch. 10 but he himself is mentioned in book 5 and it is likely Jerome wrote 5.

103 Bishop about 150, died between 171 and 180.

104 On the church A 25 30 e a; omit T 3l e a [H]).

105 On truth …prophecy A H 25 30 31 e a Val. etc; omit T Her.

106 Bishop in 168, died after 181 (some 176–86).

107 Claudius Apollinaris died before 180.

108 Bishop about 170, died about 180.

109 Died about 180.

110 That they may go on …Commodus A 25 30 31 e a Fabr. Val; omit T H? Her.

730 111 Born about 130, died after 172.

112 inflated A H 30 31 a e Val etc.; elated T 25 Her.

113 Bishop about 160, died about 180.

114 Flourished 204?).

115 Flourished 180–190.

116 Flourished about 172.

117 Bishop about 190 (or 185 according to others) died 202 or 197.

118 Born between 140 and 145, died 202 or later.

119 schism H A 31 a e Val. Eusebius etc: chrism A T 25 30.

120 At Alexandria about 179, died about 216.

121 T reads following the example of and makes a more manageable text.

731 122 Flourished 186).

123 Phrygians A 31 a e with Eusebius; Cataphrygians T 25 30 “according to the usage of the Latins” (cf. M’Giffert).

124 Born about 160, died about 217.

125 On pedagogy = “The Instructor.”

126 honoured literally “lordly” perhaps like the conventional formula “Lords and brethren.”

127 Flourished 180–190.

128 Bishop about 196, flourished 210.

129 Bishop 199, died 211.

130 Caricus and Pontius. So Valesius and others with Eusebius but mss. except “a” have Carinus and it is interesting to note that the same ms. reads Ponticus with most mss. of Eusebius).

131 Died about 185.

132 Died about 190.

732 133 Bishop about 190–200.

134 Bishop about 196.

135 Flourished about 193.

136 Bishop of Jerusalem 185.

137 Flourished about 196).

138 Flourished about 196.

139 Flourished about 196.

140 Flourished about 196.

141 202.

142 Born about 160, christian 195, apology 198, died about 245.

143 Born at Alexandria 185, died at Tyre 253.

733 144 Caesarea. Caesarea in Palestine).

145 Flourished 220.

146 Died about 250.

147 aided a T e Val. Her.; “and to him” A H 25 30; “and to this time” a 31.

148 Flourished about 240.

149 red heifer Nb 19, 2. (?) or Dt Ch. 21.

150 Genesis 15, 9–10.

151 Flourished 196?

152 Died about 217).

153 Flourished about 230.

154 gloriously A 31 e a 10 21 Bamb. Norimb. Val.; omit T 25 30 H Her.

734 155 Bishop 217–8, died 229–38.

156 Bishop at Jerusalem 212, died 250.

157 … 221).

158 Presbyter at Antioch about 232.

159 Gregory of Neocesarea, born 210–15, bishop 240, died about 270.

160 Bishop 251, died 252.

161 Fabius. Some mss. Fabianus.

162 Born about 200, bishop 248, died at Carthage 258.

163 Died about 260.

164 Presbyter 232, exiled 250 and 257, died 265.

165 rebaptizing a e Val. Her.; baptizing A? H T 25 30 31.

735 166 Hierax e Euseb. Val. Her). Heraclas A H T 25 30 31).

167 penitence A T 25 30 a Her.; penitence likewise Canon on penitence H 31 e 10 21 Val.

168 Flourished about 250 sq.

169 Prayer A H 25 30 31 21; Ordination e T Her.

170 Flourished 272.

171 Flourished about 278.

172 Born about 230, bishop 270, died about 283.

173 Bishop of Pettau 303, died 304.

174 Died 309.

175 volumes A H 31 a e 10 21 Val.; omit T 25 30 Her.

176 Flourished before 299).

177 Died 312.

736 178 Died after 306.

179 Flourished 295.

180 Died 325.

181 without a title “that is a compendium of the last three books only” as Cave explains it. Ffoulkes in Smith and W. But no.

182 two books …Severus …Demetrius e a H 10 21 Val.; omit T 25 30 31 Her.

183 Born 267, bishop about 315, died about 338.

184 Theophany T 31 Val. Her.; omit A H 25 30 a? e.

185 Bishop 313, died 334.

186 Died 311 or 312).

187 Flourished 330.

188 Died 337, (or according to others 370–82). Jerome in this chapter seems, unless the usual modern view is confused, to have mixed up Eustathius of Antioch with Eusebius of Sebaste.

737 189 Bishop A H T 25 30 Her; omit 31 32 a e Val.

190 Constantius this is supposed to be an evident slip for Constantinus (Compare Venables in Smith and Wace Dict. 5,2, p. 383) but if there is confusion with Eustathius of Sebaste as suggested above possibly the latter’s deposition by Constantius is referred to. But the difficulty remains almost as great.

191 Died 372, or 374 (Ffoulkes).

192 Born about 296. died 373.

193 Born 251, died 356.

194 Bishop of Ancyra 336–344, 353–60, 361–3.

195 A doctor of So T? and some editions. Most mss. omit (gnarus) but it needs to be supplied in translation.

196 Bishop 335, died 355?

197 Died before 359.

198 Leucotheon = Leuteon).

199 Bishop 313, —355.

738 200 Asterius of Cappadocia, died about 330.

201 Bishop 353, died 370.

202 Born about 315, Bishop about 340, exiled 355–62, died 371–5.

203 Flourished 343–355.

204 Bishop about 338, died 365–6.

205 Serapion the scholastic, died about 358.

206 Bishop 350–5, exiled 356–60, died at Poitiers 367–8).

207 Caius or Fabius Marius Victorinus, died about 370.

208 Ordained 361, died 371.

209 Pope Damasus, died 380.

210 Apollinaris the younger, Bishop 362, died about 390.

739 211 Works “generally recognized as authentic” Matougues.

212 Gregory Baeticus Bishop of Elvira 359–392.

213 Elvira, Eliberi or Grenada.

214 Bishop about 360, died about 390.

215 Deer, This title has given rise to a good deal of conjecture. Fabricius’s conjecture that it referred to certain games held on the Kalends of January is doubted by Vallarsi, but appears to have been really acute, from the fact that two mss. read “The deer [Cervulus] on the Kalends of January and against other pagan games.”

216 Bishop about 347, deposed 351, died about 376.

217 Bishop 358, died about 392.

218 Born about 311, flourished about 315, died 396.

219 itself “The titles of which are well known.” Matougues.

220 Flourished about 370.

221 Milevis or Mileum = Milah “a town of Numidia 25 miles north-west of Cirta.” Phillott.

740 222 Died before 376. Fabricius and Migne read Aquilus, Honorius has Achilius but the mss. read as above. This is the only source of information and the work is lost.

223 Trial “Vicissitudes or proofs.” Matougues.

224 Cyril of Jerusalem, born about 315, Bishop 350–7, 359–60, 362–7, 378 to his death in 386.

225 Deposed about 379.

226 Born about 310, bishop about 368–9, died 403.

227 Ephrem of Nisibis = Ephrem Syrus died 378.

228 Basil the Great, born 329, bishop 370 died 379.

229 Gregory Nazianzan born about 325, Bishop 373, died 389.

230 Lucius bishop of Samosata, at Alexandria 373, deposed 378.

231 Died before 394).

232 Bishop 360, died before 396.

741 233 Flourished 379, condemned 380, died 385.

234 Died 385.

235 End of 4th Century.

236 Born about 340, baptized 374, died 397.

237 Bishop of Antioch, 388, died 393.

238 Died after 392.

239 A Cynic. Bishop 379.

240 Born 339–2, bishop 372, deposed 376, restored 378, died after 394.

241 (Jn Chrysostom born at Antioch about 347, at Constantinople 398, deposed 403, died 407.

242 Bishop 379, died 394–5.

243 Bishop of Tomes? 392–403).

742 244 Flavius Lucius Dexter flourished 395.

245 Amphilochius of Cappadocia, bishop 375, died about 400.

246 Flourished 392. Author also of Greek translation of Jerome’s Illustrious Men?

247 Born 331, died 420.

248 39 homilies, T 25 30 Her.; 39 homilies of Origen A H 31 e a etc.

249 The Old Testament from the Hebrew A H 30 31 a e; omit T 25 Her.

250 There are many brief additions to the chapter on Jerome himself, the most common one (b.c. D I S V W X Y Z 1 2 4 5 6 7 9 11 12 14 15 17 19 20 21 26 27 28 33 42 m o p r t u v y z) being “Two books Against Jovinian and an Apology addressed to Pammachus.” Some add also “and an Epitaphium.” A and k give a long additional account of Jerome).

1 List …Jerome. This is in a few mss. only).

2 Became bishop before 325, died after 350.

3 On penitence. A few mss. read “patience” for “penitence” but the only one which the translator has been able to find which gives both is one at Wolfenbttel dated 1460, nor is it in the earliest editions (e.g). Nürn. Koburger 1495, Paris 1512). But the later editions (Fabricius, Herding) have both.

4 worth, mss. generally; feeling, editions generally.

743 5 Bishop (Pope) 337, died 352.

6 Flourished 370.

7 Fourth century.

8 Bishop about 370).

9 About 360.

10 Used for T 35 31 a e 21; inclined to 30? ? Fabr. Her.

11 changed A T 25 30 31 a e 21 10 Bamb. Bern. Gemblac. Sigberg. Guelfenb.; given over to death Fabr. Her. etc.

12 Born about 292, died 348.

13 Born about 314, died 367.

14 Died about 380.

15 Scripture 25 30 a e 10: Holy Scriptures A T 31 21.

744 16 Born about 300, died 390 (391).

17 Born 345, died 399.

18 educated in T 31 e Her.; omit A 25 30 a).

19 Synodites a kind of monks.

20 Theodore of Mopsuesta (?), born at Antioch (?) about 350, died 428.

21 Born at Saragossa 348, was at Rome in 405, died in Spain 408?

22 Trocheum. There is much controversy over the word, some maintaining that it should be Dittochaeon= “the double food or double testament” (Lock in Smith and Wace) or Diptychon. It is a description of a series of pictures from the Bible. The mss. read Trocheum a.e.; Troceum T 25; Trocetum 30: Trocleum A; Tropeum 31. A recent monograph on the subject has not yet come to hand.

23 Symmachus. Two works are here confused, the work against Symmachus, and the Cathemerinon hymns, in the preface to which the quotation occurs.

24 Bishop of Toledo about 390. (Chevalier) or in the reign of Constantius (Ceillier), 370 (Hoefer).

25 Flourished about 270. There is wide variety of opinion respecting this date, some placing as early as 250 and some nearly one hundred years later).

26 Flourished about 384.

745 27 Apostate = prevaricatores.

28 Born 345, at Jerusalem about 390, died 410.

29 Xystus T 25 30 e; Sextus A 31 a Xystus of Rome T Her.

30 399.

31 from all of which A 25 30 31 a; from which e T Her.

32 angelical nature etc., “that the human body is an abode of angels” (angelicam stationem corpus esse) Phillott, in Smith and Wace.

33 Sulpicius Severus born after 353, died about 410).

34 Virtues or miracles.

35 Bishop of Ptolemais (Acre) about 400, died about 408.

36 long. a 25 30 31; great A T e.

37 full of A 25 30 31 a e; on T 21 Her.

746 38 Severianus of Emesa. Bishop 400–3, died after 408.

39 Nicetas Bishop of “Remessianen” or Romaciana or Remetiana in Dacia before 392, died after 414.

40 T and 31 read Niceta or Nicetas, but other mss. Niceas and so Fabricius and Her.

41 Garadius A T 31 a e; Gadarius 25 30 Her.

42 Genealogy T 25 30 21; genethlogiam 31 a e.

43 Bishop of Barcelona about 316.

44 A Spanish bishop. Flourished about 400.

45 St. Servais, Bishop of Tongres 338, died at Maestricht 384. The patron saint of Maestricht. Supposed by some to be the same as Phebadius (Faegadius, Phaebadius, Segatius, Sabadius Phiradius (called in Gascony Fiari)? bishop of Agen. Flourished 440 (Cave)).

46 Converted Jew, flourished about 385.

47 Flourished above 440.

48 Omit “teaching” e T 31.

747 49 Flourished fifth century.

50 Flourished about 440.

51 (Jn Chrysostom born at Antioch about 347, bishop of Constantinople 398, deposed 403, died 407.

52 This whole paragraph is omitted by most mss., though T and 21 have it.

53 Bishop 386, died 417.

54 John A 25 30 31 a e; another John [T ?] 21.

55 Fourth century).

56 In reply …proofs A T 25 30 21; omit e 31 a.

57 Bishop 385, died 412.

58 Church T 21; city A 25 30 31 a.

59 deposed 25 31 a e?; elect A 30; stripped of T.

748 60 Bishop of Milan 451, died 462.

61 At Jerusalem 394, heretic about 404.

62 to him …responded A Her.; omit T 25 30 31 a e.

63 Bishop of Milan 397, died 400.

64 Bishop of Trent 388, died 405.

65 Born at Tagaste 354, baptized at] Milan 387, bishop of Hippo 395, died 430.

66 all he has written e T A 30 31 a Her.; 25 Fabr. add “wherefore on account of his much speaking Solomon’s saying came true that ‘In the multitude of words there wanteth not sin.” This expression in the editions has been the ground of much comment on Gennadius’ Semi-pelagian bias, but it almost certainly does not represent the original form of the text.

67 Abortions “That abortions …shall rise again I make bold neither to affirm nor to deny” Augustine De 104,Dei. 22, 13.

68 T 31 end thus; A omits and left …abortions but adds a few lines of other matter; e adds differing matter; a adds remained a catholic; 30 adds remained a catholic and died in the same city — the city which is still called Hypporegensis; while 25 adds a vast amount).

69 Paulus Orosius of Tarragon, the historian, flourished about 413 or 417. His history was begun after 416 and finished in 417.

70 from the creation (“from the whole period of the earth”) A 25 30 31 a e; omit T 21 Her.

749 71 almost 25 30 31 a e; omit T A Her.

72 Maximus of Vercelli, bishop of Turin about 415, died 466–470.

73 omit life A 30 a.

74 published T30 21 Her.; delivered A 25 31 a e.

75 Bishop of Bologna 430, died before 350.

76 in Italy A 30 31 a e; omit T 25 21 Her.

77 Petronius A 25 30 31; omit T a?.

78 At Rome about 400, at Carthage 411, heretic 417.

79 Bishop or “Pope” 402, died 417.

80 Heretic 412–417).

81 Bishop of Eclanum about 416.

750 82 Lucianus of Caphargamala, flourished 415.

83 Avitus of Braga, died 440.

84 Pontius Meropius (Anicius?) Paulinus, Born at Bordeaux 353 (354?), pupil of Ausonius, baptized before 389, bishop before 410, died 431.

85 on various occasions is omitted by T 31 e.

86 erudition A T 31 a e 21; observation 25 30 Her.

87 Pupil of Augustine about 430.

88 Pupil of St. Martin of Tours 405.

89 Flourished about 430.

90 Bishop of Constantinople 406, died 425.

91 Daughters Pulcheria and her sisters.

92 Bishop of Constantinople 428, deposed 431, died in the Thebaid about 439.

751 93 Nestorius 25 30 Her; Nestor A T 31 a e 21.

94 teacher A T 30 31 a e; omit 25 Her).

95 at that time A T a e; omit 25 30 31.

96 Bishop (Pope) of Rome 422, died 432.

97 Theodotus Bishop of Ancyra 431–8.

98 Theodotus T ? a e; Theodorus a 25 30 31 Fabr. Her.

99 while at T 31 e 21; while formerly at 25 30 a Fabr. Her.

100 and refutation A 25 30 a; omit T 31 e 21.

101 Flourished 420.

102 virginity T 31 e 21; widowhood A 25 30 a Fabr. Her.

103 Born about 376, bishop of Alexandria 412, died 444.


Fathers' Historical writings 718