Job - Revised Standard Version (1966)
The Book of Job, named after its protagonist, is an exquisite dramatic poem which treats of the problem of the suffering of the innocent, and of retribution. The contents of the book, together with its artistic structure and elegant style, place it among the literary masterpieces of all time. - Job, an oriental chieftain, pious and upright, richly endowed in his own person and in domestic prosperity, suffers a sudden and complete reversal of fortune. He loses his property and his children; a loathsome disease afflicts his body; and sorrow oppresses his soul. Nevertheless, Job does not complain against God. When some friends visit him to condole with him, Job protests his innocence and does not understand why he is afflicted. He curses the day of his birth and longs for death to bring an end to his sufferings. The debate which ensues consists of three cycles of speeches. Job's friends insist that his plight can only be a punishment for personal wrongdoing and an invitation from God to repentance. Job rejects their inadequate explanation and calls for a response from God himself. At this point the speeches of a youth named Elihu (Job 32-37) interrupt the development.
- In response to Job's plea that he be allowed to see God and hear from him the cause of his suffering, God answers, not by justifying his action before men, but by referring to his own omniscience and almighty power. Job is content with this. He recovers his attitude of humility and trust in God, which is deepened now and strengthened by his experience of suffering.
- The author of the book is not known; it was composed some time between the seventh and fifth centuries B.C. Its literary form, with speeches, prologue and epilogue disposed according to a studied plan, indicates that the purpose of the writing is didactic. The lesson is that even the just may suffer here, and their sufferings are a test of their fidelity. They shall be rewarded in the end. Man's finite mind cannot probe the depths of the divine omniscience that governs the world. The problems we encounter can be solved by a broader and deeper awareness of God's power, presence (Job 42:5) and wisdom. - The divisions of the Book of Job are as follows: - I. Prologue (Job 1:1-2:13)
II. First Cycle of Speeches (Job 3:1-14:22) III. Second Cycle of Speeches (Job 15:1-21:34) IV. Third Cycle of Speeches (Job 22:1-28:28) V. Job's Final Summary of His Cause (Job 29:1-31:37) VI. Elihu's Speeches (Job 32:1-37:24) VII. The Lord's Speech (Job 38:1-42:6) VIII. Epilogue (Job 42:7-17) - (NAB)

Headings



Book of


JOB


1 Job and His Family
Attack on Job's Character
Job Loses Property and Children
2 Attack on Job's Health
Job's Three Friends
3 Job Curses the Day He Was Born
4 Eliphaz Speaks: Job Has Sinned
5 Job Is Corrected by God
6 Job Replies: My Complaint Is Just
7 Job: My Suffering Is without End
8 Bildad Speaks: Job Should Repent
9 Job Replies: There Is No Mediator
10 Job: I Loathe My Life
11 Zophar Speaks: Job's Guilt Deserves Punishment
12 Job Replies: I Am a Laughingstock
13 Job's Despondent Prayer
15 Eliphaz Speaks: Job Undermines Religion
16 Job Reaffirms His Innocence
17 Job Prays for Relief
18 Bildad Speaks: God Punishes the Wicked
19 Job Replies: I Know That My Redeemer Lives
20 Zophar Speaks: Wickedness Receives Just Retribution
21 Job Replies: The Wicked Often Go Unpunished
22 Eliphaz Speaks: Job's Wickedness Is Great
23 Job Replies: My Complaint Is Bitter
24 Job Complains of Violence on the Earth
25 Bildad Speaks: How Can a Mortal Be Righteous Before God?
26 Job Replies: God's Majesty Is Unsearchable
27 Job Maintains His Integrity
28 Interlude: Where Wisdom Is Found
29 Job Finishes His Defense
32 Elihu Rebukes Job's Friends
33 Elihu Rebukes Job
34 Elihu Proclaims God's Justice
35 Elihu Condemns Self-Righteousness
36 Elihu Exalts God's Goodness
Elihu Proclaims God's Majesty
38 The LORD Answers Job
40 Job's Response to God
God's Challenge to Job
42 Job Is Humbled and Satisfied
Job's Friends Are Humiliated
Job's Fortunes Are Restored Twofold

Version
Nova Vulgata - Latin
Biblia del Pueblo di Dio (BPD) - Spanish
Vulgata - Stuttgart 1969 - Latin
BÝblia Sagrada Ave-Maria (1957) - Portuguese
La Sainte Bible (Crampon 1904) - French
CEI (1974) - Italian
Einheits▄bersetzung der Heiligen Sc - German