Summa Th. II-II EN
Benziger Bros. edition, 1947.
Translated by Fathers of the English Dominican Province

  • Benziger Bros. edition, 1947 - CCEL.ORG
  • Public domain

  • Headings

    SECOND PART OF THE SECOND PART (SS) (Questions [1]-189)

    ON FAITH (Questions [1]-16)

    Q1: OF FAITH (TEN ARTICLES)
    Whether the object of faith is the First Truth?
    Whether the object of faith is something complex, by way of a proposition?
    Whether anything false can come under faith?
    Whether the object of faith can be something seen?
    Whether those things that are of faith can be an object of science [*Science is certain knowledge of a demonstrated conclusion through its demonstration]?
    Whether those things that are of faith should be divided into certain articles?
    Whether the articles of faith have increased in course of time?
    Whether the articles of faith are suitably formulated?
    Whether it is suitable for the articles of faith to be embodied in a symbol?
    Whether it belongs to the Sovereign Pontiff to draw up a symbol of faith?
    Q2: OF THE ACT OF FAITH (TEN ARTICLES)
    Whether to believe is to think with assent?
    Whether the act of faith is suitably distinguished as believing God, believing in a God and believing in God?
    Whether it is necessary for salvation to believe anything above the natural reason?
    Whether it is necessary to believe those things which can be proved by natural reason?
    Whether man is bound to believe anything explicitly?
    Whether all are equally bound to have explicit faith?
    Whether it is necessary for the salvation of all, that they should believe explicitly in the mystery of Christ?
    Whether it is necessary for salvation to believe explicitly in the Trinity?
    Whether to believe is meritorious?
    Whether reasons in support of what we believe lessen the merit of faith?
    Q3: OF THE OUTWARD ACT OF FAITH (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether confession is an act of faith?
    Whether confession of faith is necessary for salvation?
    Q4: OF THE VIRTUE ITSELF OF FAITH (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether this is a fitting definition of faith: "Faith is the substance of things to be hoped for, the evidence of things that appear not?"
    Whether faith resides in the intellect?
    Whether charity is the form of faith?
    Whether lifeless faith can become living, or living faith, lifeless?
    Whether faith is a virtue?
    Whether faith is one virtue?
    Whether faith is the first of the virtues?
    Whether faith is more certain than science and the other intellectual virtues?
    Q5: OF THOSE WHO HAVE FAITH (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether there was faith in the angels, or in man, in their original state?
    Whether in the demons there is faith?
    Whether a man who disbelieves one article of faith, can have lifeless faith in the other articles?
    Whether faith can be greater in one man than in another?
    Q6: OF THE CAUSE OF FAITH (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether faith is infused into man by God?
    Whether lifeless faith is a gift of God?
    Q7: OF THE EFFECTS OF FAITH (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether fear is an effect of faith?
    Whether faith has the effect of purifying the heart?
    Q8: OF THE GIFT OF UNDERSTANDING (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether understanding is a gift of the Holy Ghost?
    Whether the gift of understanding is compatible with faith?
    Whether the gift of understanding is merely speculative or also practical?
    Whether the gift of understanding is in all who are in a state of grace?
    Whether the gift of understanding is found also in those who have not sanctifying grace?
    Whether the gift of understanding is distinct from the other gifts?
    Whether the sixth beatitude, "Blessed are the clean of heart," etc., responds to the gift of understanding?
    Whether faith, among the fruits, responds to the gift of understanding?
    Q9: OF THE GIFT OF KNOWLEDGE (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether knowledge is a gift?
    Whether the gift of knowledge is about Divine things?
    Whether the gift of knowledge is practical knowledge?
    Whether the third beatitude, "Blessed are they that mourn," etc. corresponds to the gift of knowledge?
    Q10: OF UNBELIEF IN GENERAL (TWELVE ARTICLES)
    Whether unbelief is a sin?
    Whether unbelief is in the intellect as its subject?
    Whether unbelief is the greatest of sin?
    Whether every act of an unbeliever is a sin?
    Whether there are several species of unbelief?
    Whether the unbelief of pagans or heathens is graver than other kinds?
    Whether one ought to dispute with unbelievers in public?
    Whether unbelievers ought to be compelled to the faith?
    Whether it is lawful to communicate with unbelievers?
    Whether unbelievers may have authority or dominion over the faithful?
    Whether the rites of unbelievers ought to be tolerated?
    Whether the children of Jews and other unbelievers ought to be baptized against their parents' will?
    Q11: OF HERESY (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether heresy is a species of unbelief?
    Whether heresy is properly about matters of faith?
    Whether heretics ought to be tolerated?
    Whether the Church should receive those who return from heresy?
    Q12: OF APOSTASY (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether apostasy pertains to unbelief?
    Whether a prince forfeits his dominion over his subjects, on account of apostasy from the faith, so that they no longer owe him allegiance?
    Q13: OF THE SIN OF BLASPHEMY, IN GENERAL (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether blasphemy is opposed to the confession of faith?
    Whether blasphemy is always a mortal sin?
    Whether the sin of blasphemy is the greatest sin?
    Whether the damned blaspheme?
    Q14: OF BLASPHEMY AGAINST THE HOLY GHOST (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether the sin against the Holy Ghost is the same as the sin committed through certain malice?
    Whether it is fitting to distinguish six kinds of sin against the Holy Ghost?
    Whether the sin against the Holy Ghost can be forgiven?
    Whether a man can sin first of all against the Holy Ghost?
    Q15: OF THE VICES OPPOSED TO KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING (THREE ARTICLES)
    Whether blindness of mind is a sin?
    Whether dulness of sense is a sin distinct from blindness of mind?
    Whether blindness of mind and dulness of sense arise from sins of the flesh?
    Q16: OF THE PRECEPTS OF FAITH, KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether in the Old Law there should have been given precepts of faith?
    Whether the precepts referring to knowledge and understanding were fittingly set down in the Old Law?

    ON HOPE (Questions [17]-22)

    Q17: OF HOPE, CONSIDERED IN ITSELF (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether hope is a virtue?
    Whether eternal happiness is the proper object of hope?
    Whether one man may hope for another's eternal happiness?
    Whether a man can lawfully hope in man?
    Whether hope is a theological virtue?
    Whether hope is distinct from the other theological virtues?
    Whether hope precedes faith?
    Whether charity precedes hope?
    Q18: OF THE SUBJECT OF HOPE (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether hope is in the will as its subject?
    Whether in the blessed there is hope?
    Whether hope is in the damned?
    Whether there is certainty in the hope of a wayfarer?
    Q19: OF THE GIFT OF FEAR (TWELVE ARTICLES)
    Whether God can be feared?
    Whether fear is fittingly divided into filial, initial, servile and worldly fear?
    Whether worldly fear is always evil?
    Whether servile fear is good?
    Whether servile fear is substantially the same as filial fear?
    Whether servile fear remains with charity?
    Whether fear is the beginning of wisdom?
    Whether initial fear differs substantially from filial fear?
    Whether fear is a gift of the Holy Ghost?
    Whether fear decreases when charity increases?
    Whether fear remains in heaven?
    Whether poverty of spirit is the beatitude corresponding to the gift of fear?
    Q20: OF DESPAIR (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether despair is a sin?
    Whether there can be despair without unbelief?
    Whether despair is the greatest of sins?
    Whether despair arises from sloth?
    Q21: OF PRESUMPTION (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether presumption trusts in God or in our own power?
    Whether presumption is a sin?
    Whether presumption is more opposed to fear than to hope?
    Whether presumption arises from vainglory?
    Q22: OF THE PRECEPTS RELATING TO HOPE AND FEAR (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether there should be a precept of hope?
    Whether there should have been given a precept of fear?

    ON CHARITY (Questions [23]-46)

    Q23: OF CHARITY, CONSIDERED IN ITSELF (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether charity is friendship?
    Whether charity is something created in the soul?
    Whether charity is a virtue?
    Whether charity is a special virtue?
    Whether charity is one virtue?
    Whether charity is the most excellent of the virtues?
    Whether any true virtue is possible without charity?
    Whether charity is the form of the virtues?
    Q24: OF THE SUBJECT OF CHARITY (TWELVE ARTICLES)
    Whether the will is the subject of charity?
    Whether charity is caused in us by infusion?
    Whether charity is infused according to the capacity of our natural gifts?
    Whether charity can increase?
    Whether charity increases by addition?
    Whether charity increases through every act of charity?
    Whether charity increases indefinitely?
    Whether charity can be perfect in this life?
    Whether charity is rightly distinguished into three degrees, beginning, progress, and perfection?
    Whether charity can decrease?
    Whether we can lose charity when once we have it?
    Whether charity is lost through one mortal sin?
    Q25: OF THE OBJECT OF CHARITY (TWELVE ARTICLES)
    Whether the love of charity stops at God, or extends to our neighbor?
    Whether we should love charity out of charity?
    Whether irrational creatures also ought to be loved out of charity?
    Whether a man ought to love himself out of charity?
    Whether a man ought to love his body out of charity?
    Whether we ought to love sinners out of charity?
    Whether sinners love themselves?
    Whether charity requires that we should love our enemies?
    Whether it is necessary for salvation that we should show our enemies the signs and effects of love?
    Whether we ought to love the angels out of charity?
    Whether we are bound to love the demons out of charity?
    Whether four things are rightly reckoned as to be loved out of charity, viz. God, our neighbor, our body and ourselves?
    Q26: OF THE ORDER OF CHARITY (THIRTEEN ARTICLES)
    Whether there is order in charity?
    Whether God ought to be loved more than our neighbor?
    Whether out of charity, man is bound to love God more than himself?
    Whether our of charity, man ought to love himself more than his neighbor?
    Whether a man ought to love his neighbor more than his own body?
    Whether we ought to love one neighbor more than another?
    Whether we ought to love those who are better more those who are more closely united us?
    Whether we ought to love more those who are connected with us by ties of blood?
    Whether a man ought, out of charity, to love his children more than his father?
    Whether a man ought to love his mother more than his father?
    Whether a man ought to love his wife more than his father and mother?
    Whether a man ought to love more his benefactor than one he has benefited?
    Whether the order of charity endures in heaven?
    Q27: OF THE PRINCIPLE ACT OF CHARITY, WHICH IS TO LOVE (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether to be loved is more proper to charity than to love?
    Whether to love considered as an act of charity is the same as goodwill?
    Whether out of charity God ought to be loved for Himself?
    Whether God can be loved immediately in this life?
    Whether God can be loved wholly? [*Cf. Question [184], Article [2]]
    Whether in loving God we ought to observe any mode?
    Whether it is more meritorious to love an enemy than to love a friend?
    Whether it is more meritorious to love one's neighbor than to love God?
    Q28: OF JOY (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether joy is effected in us by charity?
    Whether the spiritual joy, which results from charity, is compatible with an admixture of sorrow?
    Whether the spiritual joy which proceeds from charity, can be filled?
    Whether joy is a virtue?
    Q29: OF PEACE (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether peace is the same as concord?
    Whether all things desire peace?
    Whether peace is the proper effect of charity?
    Whether peace is a virtue?
    Q30: OF MERCY (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether evil is properly the motive of mercy?
    Whether the reason for taking pity is a defect in the person who pities?
    Whether mercy is a virtue?
    Whether mercy is the greatest of the virtues?
    Q31: OF BENEFICENCE (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether beneficence is an act of charity?
    Whether we ought to do good to all?
    Whether we ought to do good to those rather who are more closely united to us?
    Whether beneficence is a special virtue?
    Q32: OF ALMSDEEDS (TEN ARTICLES)
    Whether almsgiving is an act of charity?
    Whether the different kinds of almsdeeds are suitably enumerated?
    Whether corporal alms are of more account than spiritual alms?
    Whether corporal almsdeeds have a spiritual effect?
    Whether almsgiving is a matter of precept?
    Whether one ought to give alms out of what one needs?
    Whether one may give alms out of ill-gotten goods?
    Whether one who is under another's power can give alms?
    Whether one ought to give alms to those rather who are more closely united to us?
    Whether alms should be given in abundance?
    Q33: OF FRATERNAL CORRECTION (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether fraternal correction is an act of charity?
    Whether fraternal correction is a matter of precept?
    Whether fraternal correction belongs only to prelates?
    Whether a mann is bound to correct his prelate?
    Whether a sinner ought to reprove a wrongdoer?
    Whether one ought to forbear from correcting someone, through fear lest he become worse?
    Whether the precept of fraternal correction demands that a private admonition should precede denunciation?
    Whether before the public denunciation witnesses ought to be brought forward?
    Q34: OF HATRED (SIX ARTICLES)
    Whether it is possible for anyone to hate God?
    Whether hatred of God is the greatest of sins?
    Whether hatred of one's neighbor is always a sin?
    Whether hatred of our neighbor is the most grievous sin against our neighbor?
    Whether hatred is a capital sin?
    Whether hatred arises from envy?
    Q35: OF SLOTH (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether sloth is a sin?
    Whether sloth is a special vice?
    Whether sloth is a mortal sin?
    Whether sloth should be accounted a capital vice?
    Q36: OF ENVY (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether envy is a kind of sorrow?
    Whether envy is a sin?
    Whether envy is a mortal sin?
    Whether envy is a capital vice?
    Q37: OF DISCORD, WHICH IS CONTRARY TO PEACE (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether discord is a sin?
    Whether discord is a daughter of vainglory?
    Q38: OF CONTENTION (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether contention is a mortal sin?
    Whether contention is a daughter of vainglory?
    Q39: OF SCHISM (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether schism is a special sin?
    Whether schism is a graver sin than unbelief?
    Whether schismatics have any power?
    Q40: OF WAR (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether it is always sinful to wage war?
    Whether it is lawful for clerics and bishops to fight?
    Whether it is lawful to lay ambushes in war?
    Whether it is lawful to fight on holy days?
    Q41: OF STRIFE (TWO ARTICLES) [*Strife here denotes fighting between individuals]
    Whether strife is always a sin?
    Whether strife is a daughter of anger?
    Q42: OF SEDITION (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether sedition is a special sin distinct from other sins?
    Whether sedition is always a mortal sin?
    Q43: OF SCANDAL (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether scandal is fittingly defined as being something less rightly said or done that occasions spiritual downfall?
    Whether scandal is a sin?
    Whether scandal is a special sin?
    Whether scandal is a mortal sin?
    Whether passive scandal may happen even to the perfect?
    Whether active scandal can be found in the perfect?
    Whether spiritual goods should be foregone on account of scandal?
    Whether temporal goods should be foregone on account of scandal?
    Q44: OF THE PRECEPTS OF CHARITY (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether any precept should be given about charity?
    Whether there should have been given two precepts of charity?
    Whether two precepts of charity suffice?
    Whether it is fittingly commanded that man should love God with his whole heart?
    Whether to the words, "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart," it was fitting to add "and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole strength"?
    Whether it is possible in this life to fulfil this precept of the love of God?
    Whether the precept of love of our neighbor is fittingly expressed?
    Whether the order of charity is included in the precept?
    Q45: OF THE GIFT OF WISDOM (SIX ARTICLES)
    Whether wisdom should be reckoned among the gifts of the Holy Ghost?
    Whether wisdom is in the intellect as its subject?
    Whether wisdom is merely speculative, or practical also?
    Whether wisdom can be without grace, and with mortal sin?
    Whether wisdom is in all who have grace?
    Whether the seventh beatitude corresponds to the gift of wisdom?
    Q46: OF FOLLY WHICH IS OPPOSED TO WISDOM (THREE ARTICLES)
    Whether folly is contrary to wisdom?
    Whether folly is a sin?
    Whether folly is a daughter of lust?

    TREATISE ON THE CARDINAL VIRTUES (Questions [47]-170)


    ON PRUDENCE (Questions [47]-56)

    Q47: OF PRUDENCE, CONSIDERED IN ITSELF (SIXTEEN ARTICLES)
    Whether prudence is in the cognitive or in the appetitive faculty?
    Whether prudence belongs to the practical reason alone or also to the speculative reason?
    Whether prudence takes cognizance of singulars?
    Whether prudence is a virtue?
    Whether prudence is a special virtue?
    Whether prudence appoints the end to moral virtues?
    Whether it belongs to prudence to find the mean in moral virtues?
    Whether command is the chief act of prudence?
    Whether solicitude belongs to prudence?
    Whether solicitude belongs to prudence?
    Whether prudence about one's own good is specifically the same as that which extends to the common good?
    Whether prudence is in subjects, or only in their rulers?
    Whether prudence can be in sinners?
    Whether prudence is in all who have grace?
    Whether prudence is in us by nature?
    Whether prudence can be lost through forgetfulness?
    Q48: OF THE PARTS OF PRUDENCE (ONE ARTICLE)
    Whether three parts of prudence are fittingly assigned?
    Q49: OF EACH QUASI-INTEGRAL PART OF PRUDENCE (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether understanding* is a part of prudence? [*Otherwise intuition; Aristotle's word is (nous)]
    Whether docility should be accounted a part of prudence?
    Whether shrewdness is part of prudence?
    Whether reason should be reckoned a part of prudence?
    Whether foresight* should be accounted a part of prudence? [*"Providentia," which may be translated either "providence" or "foresight."]
    Whether circumspection can be a part of prudence?
    Whether caution should be reckoned a part of prudence?
    Q50: OF THE SUBJECTIVE PARTS OF PRUDENCE (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether a species of prudence is regnative?
    Whether political prudence is fittingly accounted a part of prudence?
    Whether a part of prudence should be reckoned to be domestic?
    Whether military prudence should be reckoned a part of prudence?
    Q51: OF THE VIRTUES WHICH ARE CONNECTED WITH PRUDENCE (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether (euboulia) (deliberating well) is a special virtue, distinct from prudence?
    Whether (synesis) (judging well according to common law) is a virtue?
    Whether (gnome) (judging well according to general law) is a special virtue?
    Q52: OF THE GIFT OF COUNSEL (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether counsel should be reckoned among the gifts of the Holy Ghost?
    Whether the gift of counsel corresponds to the virtue of prudence?
    Whether the gift of counsel remains in heaven?
    Whether the fifth beatitude, which is that of mercy, corresponds to the gift of counsel?
    Q53: OF IMPRUDENCE (SIX ARTICLES)
    Whether imprudence is a sin?
    Whether imprudence is a special sin?
    Whether precipitation is a sin included in imprudence?
    Whether thoughtlessness is a special sin included in prudence?
    Whether inconstancy is a vice contained under prudence?
    Whether the aforesaid vices arise from lust?
    Q54: OF NEGLIGENCE (THREE ARTICLES)
    Whether negligence is a special sin?
    Whether negligence is opposed to prudence?
    Whether negligence can be a mortal sin?
    Q55: OF VICES OPPOSED TO PRUDENCE BY WAY OF RESEMBLANCE (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether prudence of the flesh is a sin?
    Whether prudence of the flesh is a mortal sin?
    Whether craftiness is a special sin?
    Whether guile is a sin pertaining to craftiness?
    Whether fraud pertains to craftiness?
    Whether it is lawful to be solicitous about temporal matters?
    Whether we should be solicitous about the future?
    Whether these vices arise from covetousness?
    Q56: OF THE PRECEPTS RELATING TO PRUDENCE (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether the precepts of the decalogue should have included a precept of prudence?
    Whether the prohibitive precepts relating to the vices opposed to prudence are fittingly propounded in the Old Law?

    ON JUSTICE (Questions [57]-62)

    Q57: OF RIGHT (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether right is the object of justice?
    Whether right is fittingly divided into natural right and positive right?
    Whether the right of nations is the same as the natural right?
    Whether paternal right and right of dominion should be distinguished as special species?
    Q58: OF JUSTICE (TWELVE ARTICLES)
    Whether justice is fittingly defined as being the perpetual and constant will to render to each one his right?
    Whether justice is always towards one another?
    Whether justice is a virtue?
    Whether justice is in the will as its subject?
    Whether justice is a general virtue?
    Whether justice, as a general virtue, is essentially the same as all virtue?
    Whether there is a particular besides a general justice?
    Whether particular justice has a special matter?
    Whether justice is about the passions?
    Whether the mean of justice is the real mean?
    Whether the act of justice is to render to each one his own?
    Whether justice stands foremost among all moral virtues?
    Q59: OF INJUSTICE (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether a man is called unjust through doing an unjust thing?
    Whether we can suffer injustice willingly?
    Whether whoever does an injustice sins mortally?
    Q60: OF JUDGMENT (SIX ARTICLES)
    Whether judgment is an act of justice?
    Whether it is lawful to judge?
    Whether it is unlawful to form a judgment from suspicions?
    Whether doubts should be interpreted for the best?
    Whether we should always judge according to the written law?
    Whether judgment is rendered perverse by being usurped?
    Q61: OF THE PARTS OF JUSTICE (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether two species of justice are suitably assigned, viz. commutative and distributive?
    Whether the mean is to be observed in the same way in distributive as in commutative justice?
    Whether there is a different matter for both kinds of justice?
    Whether the just is absolutely the same as retaliation?
    Q62: OF RESTITUTION (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether restitution is an act of commutative justice?
    Whether restitution of what has been taken away is necessary for salvation?
    Whether it suffices to restore the exact amount taken?
    Whether a man is bound to restore what he has not taken?
    Whether restitution must always be made to the person from whom a thing has been taken?
    Whether he that has taken a thing is always bound to restitution?
    Whether restitution is binding on those who have not taken?
    Whether a man is bound to immediate restitution, or may he put it off?

    VICES OPPOSED TO DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE (Question [63])

    Q63: OF RESPECT OF PERSONS (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether respect of persons is a sin?
    Whether respect of persons takes place in the dispensation of spiritual goods?
    Whether respect of persons takes place in showing honor and respect?
    Whether the sin of respect of persons takes place in judicial sentences?

    (A) BY DEEDS (Questions [64]-66)

    Q64: OF MURDER (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether it is unlawful to kill any living thing?
    Whether it is lawful to kill sinners?
    Whether it is lawful for a private individual to kill a man who has sinned?
    Whether it is lawful for clerics to kill evil-doers?
    Whether it is lawful to kill oneself?
    Whether it is lawful to kill the innocent?
    Whether it is lawful to kill a man in self-defense?
    Whether one is guilty of murder through killing someone by chance?
    Q65: OF OTHER INJURIES COMMITTED ON THE PERSON (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether in some cases it may be lawful to maim anyone?
    Whether it is lawful for parents to strike their children, or masters their slaves?
    Whether it is lawful to imprison a man?
    Whether the sin is aggravated by the fact that the aforesaid injuries are perpetrated on those who are connected with others?
    Q66: OF THEFT AND ROBBERY (NINE ARTICLES)
    Whether it is natural for man to possess external things?
    Whether it is lawful for a man to possess a thing as his own?
    Whether the essence of theft consists in taking another's thing secretly?
    Whether theft and robbery are sins of different species?
    Whether theft is always a sin?
    Whether theft is a mortal sin?
    Whether it is lawful to steal through stress of need?
    Whether robbery may be committed without sin?
    Whether theft is a more grievous sin than robbery?

    (B) BY WORDS UTILIZED IN A COURT OF LAW (Questions [67]-71)

    Q67: OF THE INJUSTICE OF A JUDGE, IN JUDGING (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether a man can justly judge one who is not subject to his jurisdiction?
    Whether it is lawful for a judge to pronounce judgment against the truth that he knows, on account of evidence to the contrary?
    Whether a judge may condemn a man who is not accused?
    Whether the judge can lawfully remit the punishment?
    Q68: OF MATTERS CONCERNING UNJUST ACCUSATION (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether a man is bound to accuse?
    Whether it is necessary for the accusation to be made in writing?
    Whether an accusation is rendered unjust by calumny, collusion or evasion?
    Whether an accuser who fails to prove his indictment is bound to the punishment of retaliation?
    Q69: OF SINS COMMITTED AGAINST JUSTICE ON THE PART OF THE DEFENDANT (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether one can, without a mortal sin, deny the truth which would lead to one's condemnation?
    Whether it is lawful for the accused to defend himself with calumnies?
    Whether it is lawful for the accused to escape judgment by appealing?
    Whether a man who is condemned to death may lawfully defend himself if he can?
    Q70: OF INJUSTICE WITH REGARD TO THE PERSON OF THE WITNESS (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether a man is bound to give evidence?
    Whether the evidence of two or three persons suffices?
    Whether a man's evidence can be rejected without any fault of his?
    Whether it is always a mortal sin to give false evidence?
    Q71: OF INJUSTICE IN JUDGMENT ON THE PART OF COUNSEL (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether an advocate is bound to defend the suits of the poor?
    Whether it is fitting that the law should debar certain persons from the office of advocate?
    Whether an advocate sins by defending an unjust cause?
    Whether it is lawful for an advocate to take a fee for pleading?

    (C) BY WORDS UTTERED EXTRAJUDICIALLY (Questions [72]-76)

    Q72: OF REVILING (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether reviling consists in words?
    Whether reviling or railing is a mortal sin?
    Whether one ought to suffer oneself to be reviled?
    Whether reviling arises from anger?
    Q73: OF BACKBITING [*Or detraction] (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether backbiting is suitably defined as the blackening of another's character by secret words?
    Whether backbiting is a mortal sin?
    Whether backbiting is the gravest of all sins committed against one's neighbor?
    Whether it is a grave sin for the listener to suffer the backbiter?
    Q74: OF TALE-BEARING [*'Susurratio,' i.e. whispering] (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether tale-bearing is a sin distinct from backbiting?
    Whether backbiting is a graver sin than tale-bearing?
    Q75: OF DERISION [*Or mockery] (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether derision is a special sin distinct from those already mentioned?
    Whether derision can be a mortal sin?
    Q76: OF CURSING (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether it is lawful to curse anyone?
    Whether it is lawful to curse an irrational creature?
    Whether cursing is a mortal sin?
    Whether cursing is a graver sin than backbiting?

    (D) BY SINS COMMITTED IN BUYING AND SELLING (Question [77])

    Q77: OF CHEATING, WHICH IS COMMITTED IN BUYING AND SELLING (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether it is lawful to sell a thing for more than its worth?
    Whether a sale is rendered unlawful through a fault in the thing sold?
    Whether the seller is bound to state the defects of the thing sold?
    Whether, in trading, it is lawful to sell a thing at a higher price than what was paid for it?

    (E) BY SINS COMMITTED IN LOANS (Question [78])

    Q78: OF THE SIN OF USURY (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether it is a sin to take usury for money lent?
    Whether it is lawful to ask for any other kind of consideration for money lent?
    Whether a man is bound to restore whatever profits he has made out of money gotten by usury?
    Whether it is lawful to borrow money under a condition of usury?

    OF THE PARTS OF JUSTICE (Questions [79]-81)

    Q79: OF THE QUASI-INTEGRAL PARTS OF JUSTICE (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether to decline from evil and to do good are parts of justice?
    Whether transgression is a special sin?
    Whether omission is a special sin?
    Whether a sin of omission is more grievous than a sin of transgression?
    Q80: OF THE POTENTIAL PARTS OF JUSTICE (ONE ARTICLE)
    Whether the virtues annexed to justice are suitably enumerated?
    Q81: OF RELIGION (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether religion directs man to God alone?
    Whether religion is a virtue?
    Whether religion is one virtue?
    Whether religion is a special virtue, distinct from the others?
    Whether religion is a theological virtue?
    Whether religion should be preferred to the other moral virtues?
    Whether religion has an external act?
    Whether religion is the same as sanctity?

    INTERIOR ACTS OF RELIGION (Questions [82]-83)

    Q82: OF DEVOTION (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether devotion is a special act?
    Whether devotion is an act of religion?
    Whether contemplation or meditation is the cause of devotion?
    Whether joy is an effect of devotion?
    Q83: OF PRAYER (SEVENTEEN ARTICLES)
    Whether prayer is an act of the appetitive power?
    Whether it is becoming to pray?
    Whether prayer is an act of religion?
    Whether we ought to pray to God alone?
    Whether we ought to ask for something definite when we pray?
    Whether man ought to ask God for temporal things when he prays?
    Whether we ought to pray for others?
    Whether we ought to pray for our enemies?
    Whether the seven petitions of the Lord's Prayer are fittingly assigned?
    Whether prayer is proper to the rational creature?
    Whether the saints in heaven pray for us?
    Whether prayer should be vocal?
    Whether attention is a necessary condition of prayer?
    Whether prayer should last a long time?
    Whether prayer is meritorious?
    Whether sinners impetrate anything from God by their prayers?
    Whether the parts of prayer are fittingly described as supplications, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings?

    THE SERVICE OF THE BODY (Question [84])

    Q84: OF ADORATION (THREE ARTICLES)
    Whether adoration is an act of latria or religion?
    Whether adoration denotes an action of the body?
    Whether adoration requires a definite place?

    SERVICE BY GIFT (Questions [85]-87)

    Q85: OF SACRIFICE (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether offering a sacrifice to God is of the law of nature?
    Whether sacrifice should be offered to God alone?
    Whether the offering of sacrifice is a special act of virtue?
    BWhether all are bound to offer sacrifices?
    Q86: OF OBLATIONS AND FIRST-FRUITS (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether men are under a necessity of precept to make oblations?
    Whether oblations are due to priests alone?
    Whether a man may make oblations of whatever he lawfully possesses?
    Whether men are bound to pay first-fruits?
    Q87: OF TITHES (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether men are bound to pay tithes under a necessity of precept?
    Whether men are bound to pay tithes of all things?
    Whether tithes should be paid to the clergy?
    Whether the clergy also are bound to pay tithes?

    SERVICE BY PROMISE (Question [88])

    Q88: OF VOWS (TWELVE ARTICLES)
    Whether a vow consists in a mere purpose of the will?
    Whether a vow should always be about a better good?
    Whether all vows are binding?
    Whether it is expedient to take vows?
    Whether a vow is an act of latria or religion?
    Whether it is more praiseworthy and meritorious to do something in fulfilment of a vow, than without a vow?
    Whether a vow is solemnized by the reception of holy orders, and by the profession of a certain rule?
    Whether those who are subject to another's power are hindered from taking vows?
    Whether children can bind themselves by vow to enter religion?
    Whether vows admit of dispensation?
    Whether it is possible to be dispensed from a solemn vow of continency?
    Whether the authority of a prelate is required for commutation or the dispensation of a vow?

    BY TAKING THE NAME OF GOD (Questions [89]-91)

    Q89: OF OATHS (TEN ARTICLES)
    Whether to swear is to call God to witness?
    Whether it is lawful to swear?
    Whether three accompanying conditions of an oath are suitably assigned, namely, justice, judgment, and truth?
    Whether an oath is an act of religion or latria?
    Whether oaths are desirable and to be used frequently as something useful and good?
    Whether it is lawful to swear by creatures?
    Whether an oath has a binding force?
    Whether an oath is more binding than a vow?
    Whether anyone can dispense from an oath?
    Whether an oath is voided by a condition of person or time?
    Q90: OF THE TAKING OF GOD'S NAME BY WAY OF ADJURATION (THREE ARTICLES)
    Whether it is lawful to adjure a man?
    Whether it is lawful to adjure the demons?
    Whether it is lawful to adjure an irrational creature?
    Q91: OF TAKING THE DIVINE NAME FOR THE PURPOSE OF INVOKING IT BY MEANS OF PRAISE (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether God should be praised with the lips?
    Whether God should be praised with song?

    SUPERSTITION, i.e. BY WAY OF EXCESS (Questions [92]-96)

    Q92: OF SUPERSTITION (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether superstition is a vice contrary to religion?
    Whether there are various species of superstition?
    Q93: OF SUPERSTITION CONSISTING IN UNDUE WORSHIP OF THE TRUE GOD (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether there can be anything pernicious in the worship of the true God?
    Whether there can be any excess in the worship of God?
    Q94: OF IDOLATRY (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether idolatry is rightly reckoned a species of superstition?
    Whether idolatry is a sin?
    Whether idolatry is the gravest of sins?
    Whether the cause of idolatry was on the part of man?
    Q95: OF SUPERSTITION IN DIVINATIONS (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether divination is a sin?
    Whether divination is a species of superstition?
    Whether we ought to distinguish several species of divination?
    Whether divination practiced by invoking the demons is unlawful?
    Whether divination by the stars is unlawful?
    Whether divination by dreams is unlawful?
    Whether divination by auguries, omens, and by like observations of external things is unlawful?
    Whether divination by drawing lots is unlawful?
    Q96: OF SUPERSTITION IN OBSERVANCES (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether it be unlawful to practice the observances of the magic art?
    Whether observances directed to the alteration of bodies, as for the purpose of acquiring health or the like, are unlawful?
    Whether observances directed to the purpose of fortune-telling are unlawful?
    Whether it is unlawful to wear divine words at the neck?

    IRRELIGION, i.e. BY WAY OF DEFICIENCY (Questions [97]-102)

    Q97: OF THE TEMPTATION OF GOD (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether the temptation of God consists in certain deeds, wherein the expected result is ascribed to the power of God alone?
    Whether it is a sin to tempt God?
    Whether temptation of God is opposed to the virtue of religion?
    Whether the temptation of God is a graver sin than superstition?
    Q98: OF PERJURY (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether it is necessary for perjury that the statement confirmed on oath be false?
    Whether all perjury is sinful?
    Whether all perjury is a mortal sin?
    Whether he sins who demands an oath of a perjurer?
    Q99: OF SACRILEGE (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether sacrilege is the violation of a sacred thing?
    Whether sacrilege is a special sin?
    Whether the species of sacrilege are distinguished according to the sacred things?
    Whether the punishment of sacrilege should be pecuniary?
    Q100: ON SIMONY (SIX ARTICLES)
    Whether simony is an intentional will to buy or sell something spiritual or connected with a spiritual thing?
    Whether it is always unlawful to give money for the sacraments?
    BWhether it is lawful to give and receive money for spiritual actions?
    Whether it is lawful to receive money for things annexed to spiritual things?
    Whether it is lawful to grant spiritual things in return for an equivalent of service, or for an oral remuneration?
    Whether those who are guilty of simony are fittingly punished by being deprived of what they have acquired by simony?
    Q101: OF PIETY (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether piety extends to particular human individuals?
    Whether piety provides support for our parents?
    Whether piety is a special virtue distinct from other virtues?
    Whether the duties of piety towards one's parents should be omitted for the sake of religion?
    Q102: OF OBSERVANCE, CONSIDERED IN ITSELF, AND OF ITS PARTS (THREE ARTICLES)
    Whether observance is a special virtue, distinct from other virtues?
    Whether it belongs to observance to pay worship and honor to those who are in positions of dignity?
    Whether observance is a greater virtue than piety?

    PARTS OF OBSERVANCE AND ORDINARY VICE (Questions [103]-109)

    Q103: OF DULIA (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether honor denotes something corporal?
    Whether honor is properly due to those who are above us?
    Whether dulia is a special virtue distinct from latria?
    Whether dulia has various species?
    Q104: OF OBEDIENCE (SIX ARTICLES)
    Whether one man is bound to obey another?
    Whether obedience is a special virtue?
    Whether obedience is the greatest of the virtues?
    Whether God ought to be obeyed in all things?
    Whether subjects are bound to obey their superiors in all things?
    Whether Christians are bound to obey the secular powers?
    Q105: OF DISOBEDIENCE (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether disobedience is a mortal sin?
    Whether disobedience is the most grievous of sins?
    Q106: OF THANKFULNESS OR GRATITUDE (SIX ARTICLES)
    Whether thankfulness is a special virtue, distinct from other virtues?
    Whether the innocent is more bound to give thanks to God than the penitent?
    Whether a man is bound to give thanks to every benefactor?
    Whether a man is bound to repay a favor at once?
    Whether in giving thanks we should look at the benefactor's disposition or at the deed?
    Whether the repayment of gratitude should surpass the favor received?
    Q107: OF INGRATITUDE (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether ingratitude is always a sin?
    Whether ingratitude is a special sin?
    Whether ingratitude is always a mortal sin?
    Whether favors should be withheld from the ungrateful?
    Q108: OF VENGEANCE (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether vengeance is lawful?
    Whether vengeance is a special virtue?
    Whether vengeance should be wrought by means of punishments customary among men?
    Whether vengeance should be taken on those who have sinned involuntarily?
    Q109: OF TRUTH (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether truth is a virtue?
    Whether truth is a special virtue?
    Whether truth is a part of justice?
    Whether the virtue of truth inclines rather to that which is less?

    VICES OPPOSED TO TRUTH (Questions [110]-114)

    Q110: OF THE VICES OPPOSED TO TRUTH, AND FIRST OF LYING (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether lying is always opposed to truth?
    Whether lies are sufficiently divided into officious, jocose, and mischievous lies?
    Whether every lie is a sin?
    Whether every lie is a mortal sin?
    Q111: OF DISSIMULATION AND HYPOCRISY (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether all dissimulation is a sin?
    Whether hypocrisy is the same as dissimulation?
    Whether hypocrisy is contrary to the virtue of truth?
    Whether hypocrisy is always a mortal sin?
    Q112: OF BOASTING (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether boasting is opposed to the virtue of truth?
    Whether boasting is a mortal sin?
    Q113: BIRONY* (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether irony is a sin?
    Whether irony is a less grievous sin than boasting?
    Q114: OF THE FRIENDLINESS WHICH IS CALLED AFFABILITY (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether friendliness is a special virtue?
    Whether this kind of friendship is a part of justice?

    VICES OPPOSED TO FRIENDLINESS (Questions [115]-117)

    Q115: OF FLATTERY (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether flattery is a sin?
    Whether flattery is a mortal sin?
    Q116: OF QUARRELING (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether quarreling is opposed to the virtue of friendship or affability?
    Whether quarreling is a more grievous sin than flattery?
    Q117: OF LIBERALITY (SIX ARTICLES)
    Whether liberality is a virtue?
    Whether liberality is about money?
    Whether using money is the act of liberality?
    Whether it belongs to a liberal man chiefly to give?
    Whether liberality is a part of justice?
    Whether liberality is the greatest of the virtues?

    VICES OPPOSED TO LIBERALITY (Questions [118]-122)

    Q118: OF THE VICES OPPOSED TO LIBERALITY, AND IN THE FIRST PLACE, OF COVETOUSNESS (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether covetousness is a sin?
    Whether covetousness is a special sin?
    Whether covetousness is opposed to liberality?
    Whether covetousness is always a mortal sin?
    Whether covetousness is the greatest of sins?
    Whether covetousness is a spiritual sin?
    Whether covetousness is a capital vice?
    Whether treachery, fraud, falsehood, perjury, restlessness, violence, and insensibility to mercy are daughters of covetousness?
    Q119: OF PRODIGALITY (THREE ARTICLES)
    Whether prodigality is opposite to covetousness?
    Whether prodigality is a sin?
    Whether prodigality is a more grievous sin than covetousness?
    Q120: OF "EPIKEIA" OR EQUITY (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether "epikeia" [*(epieikeia)] is a virtue?
    Whether "epikeia" is a part of justice?
    Q121: OF PIETY (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether piety is a gift?
    Whether the second beatitude, "Blessed are the meek," corresponds to the gift of piety?
    Q122: OF THE PRECEPTS OF JUSTICE (SIX ARTICLES)
    Whether the precepts of the decalogue are precepts of justice?
    Whether the first precept of the decalogue is fittingly expressed?
    Whether the second precept of the decalogue is fittingly expressed?
    Whether the third precept of the decalogue, concerning the hallowing of the Sabbath, is fittingly expressed?
    Whether the fourth precept, about honoring one's parents, is fittingly expressed?
    Whether the other six precepts of the decalogue are fittingly expressed?

    TREATISE ON FORTITUDE AND TEMPERANCE (Questions [123]-170)

    Q123: OF FORTITUDE (TWELVE ARTICLES)
    Whether fortitude is a virtue?
    Whether fortitude is a special virtue?
    Whether fortitude is about fear and dying?
    Whether fortitude is only about dangers of death?
    Whether fortitude is properly about dangers of death in battle?
    Whether endurance is the chief act of fortitude?
    Whether the brave man acts for the sake of the good of his habit?
    Whether the brave man delights in his act?
    Whether fortitude deals chiefly with sudden occurrences?
    Whether the brave man makes use of anger in his action?
    Whether fortitude is a cardinal virtue?
    Whether fortitude excels among all other virtues?
    Q124: OF MARTYRDOM (FIVE ARTICLES)
    Whether martyrdom is an act of virtue?
    Whether martyrdom is an act of fortitude?
    Whether martyrdom is an act of the greatest perfection?
    Whether death is essential to martyrdom?
    Whether faith alone is the cause of martyrdom?
    Q125: OF FEAR* (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether fear is a sin?
    Whether the sin of fear is contrary to fortitude?
    Whether fear is a mortal sin?
    Whether fear excuses from sin?
    Q126: OF FEARLESSNESS (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether fearlessness is a sin?
    Whether fearlessness is opposed to fortitude?
    Q127: OF DARING (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether daring is a sin?
    Whether daring is opposed to fortitude?
    Q128: OF THE PARTS OF FORTITUDE (ONE ARTICLE)
    Whether the parts of fortitude are suitably assigned?
    Q129: OF MAGNANIMITY* (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether magnanimity is about honors?
    Whether magnanimity is essentially about great honors?
    Whether magnanimity is a virtue?
    Whether magnanimity is a special virtue?
    Whether magnanimity is a part of fortitude?
    Whether confidence belongs to magnanimity?
    Whether security belongs to magnanimity?
    Whether goods of fortune conduce to magnanimity?
    Q130: OF PRESUMPTION (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether presumption is a sin?
    Whether presumption is opposed to magnanimity by excess?
    Q131: OF AMBITION (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether ambition is a sin?
    Whether ambition is opposed to magnanimity by excess?
    Q132: OF VAINGLORY (FIVE ARTICLES)
    Whether the desire of glory is a sin?
    Whether vainglory is opposed to magnanimity?
    Whether vainglory is a mortal sin?
    Whether vainglory is a capital vice?
    Whether the daughters of vainglory are suitably reckoned to be disobedience, boastfulness, hypocrisy, contention, obstinacy, discord, and love of novelties?
    Q133: OF PUSILLANIMITY (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether pusillanimity is a sin?
    Whether pusillanimity is opposed to magnanimity?
    Q134: OF MAGNIFICENCE (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether magnificence is a virtue?
    Whether magnificence is a special virtue?
    Whether the matter of magnificence is great expenditure?
    Whether magnificence is a part of fortitude?
    Q135: OF MEANNESS* (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether meanness is a vice?
    Whether there is a vice opposed to meanness?
    Q136: OF PATIENCE (FIVE ARTICLES)
    Whether patience is a virtue?
    Whether patience is the greatest of the virtues?
    Whether it is possible to have patience without grace?
    Whether patience is a part of fortitude?
    Whether patience is the same as longanimity? [*Longsuffering. It is necessary to preserve the Latin word, on account of the comparison with magnanimity.]
    Q137: OF PERSEVERANCE (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether perseverance is a virtue?
    Whether perseverance is a part of fortitude?
    Whether constancy pertains to perseverance?
    Whether perseverance needs the help of grace?
    Q138: OF THE VICES OPPOSED TO PERSEVERANCE (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether effeminacy* is opposed to perseverance? [*Mollities, literally 'softness']
    Whether pertinacity is opposed to perseverance?
    Q139: OF THE GIFT OF FORTITUDE (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether fortitude is a gift?
    Whether the fourth beatitude: "Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after justice," corresponds to the gift of fortitude?
    Q140: OF THE PRECEPTS OF FORTITUDE (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether the precepts of fortitude are suitably given in the Divine Law?
    Whether the precepts of the parts of fortitude are suitably given in the Divine Law?
    Q141: OF TEMPERANCE (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether temperance is a virtue?
    Whether temperance is a special virtue?
    Whether temperance is only about desires and pleasures?
    Whether temperance is only about desires and pleasures of touch?
    Whether temperance is about the pleasures proper to the taste?
    Whether the rule of temperance depends on the need of the present life?
    Whether temperance is a cardinal virtue?
    Whether temperance is the greatest of the virtues?
    Q142: OF THE VICES OPPOSED TO TEMPERANCE (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether insensibility is a vice?
    Whether intemperance is a childish sin?
    Whether cowardice* is a greater vice than intemperance? [*Cf. Question [125]]
    Whether intemperance is the most disgraceful of sins?
    Q143: OF THE PARTS OF TEMPERANCE, IN GENERAL (ONE ARTICLE)
    Whether the parts of temperance are rightly assigned?
    Q144: OF SHAMEFACEDNESS (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether shamefacedness is a virtue?
    Whether shamefacedness is about a disgraceful action?
    Whether man is more shamefaced of those who are more closely connected with him?
    Whether even virtuous men can be ashamed?
    Q145: OF HONESTY (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether honesty is the same as virtue?
    Whether the honest is the same as the beautiful?
    Whether the honest differs from the useful and the pleasant?
    Whether honesty should be reckoned a part of temperance?
    Q146: OF ABSTINENCE (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether abstinence is a virtue?
    Whether abstinence is a special virtue?
    Q147: OF FASTING (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether fasting is an act of virtue?
    Whether fasting is an act of abstinence?
    Whether fasting is a matter of precept?
    Whether all are bound to keep the fasts of the Church?
    Whether the times for the Church fast are fittingly ascribed?
    Whether it is requisite for fasting that one eat but once?
    Whether the ninth hour is suitably fixed for the faster's meal?
    Whether it is fitting that those who fast should be bidden to abstain from flesh meat, eggs, and milk foods?
    Q148: OF GLUTTONY (SIX ARTICLES)
    Whether gluttony is a sin?
    Whether gluttony is a mortal sin?
    Whether gluttony is the greatest of sins?
    Whether the species of gluttony are fittingly distinguished?
    Whether gluttony is a capital vice?
    Whether six daughters are fittingly assigned to gluttony?
    Q149: OF SOBRIETY (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether drink is the matter of sobriety?
    Whether sobriety is by itself a special virtue?
    Whether the use of wine is altogether unlawful?
    Whether sobriety is more requisite in persons of greater standing?
    Q150: OF DRUNKENNESS (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether drunkenness is a sin?
    Whether drunkenness is a mortal sin?
    Whether drunkenness is the gravest of sins?
    Whether drunkenness excuses from sin?
    Q151: OF CHASTITY (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether chastity is a virtue?
    Whether chastity is a general virtue?
    Whether chastity is a distinct virtue from abstinence?
    Whether purity belongs especially to chastity?
    Q152: OF VIRGINITY (FIVE ARTICLES)
    Whether virginity consists in integrity of the flesh?
    Whether virginity is unlawful?
    Whether virginity is a virtue?
    Whether virginity is more excellent than marriage?
    Whether virginity is the greatest of virtues?
    Q153: OF LUST (FIVE ARTICLES)
    Whether the matter of lust is only venereal desires and pleasures?
    Whether no venereal act can be without sin?
    Whether the lust that is about venereal acts can be a sin?
    Whether lust is a capital vice?
    Whether the daughters of lust are fittingly described?
    Q154: OF THE PARTS OF LUST (TWELVE ARTICLES)
    Whether six species are fittingly assigned to lust?
    Whether simple fornication is a mortal sin?
    Whether fornication is the most grievous of sins?
    Whether there can be mortal sin in touches and kisses?
    Whether nocturnal pollution is a mortal sin?
    Whether seduction should be reckoned a species of lust?
    Whether rape is a species of lust, distinct from seduction?
    Whether adultery is determinate species of lust, distinct from the other species?
    Whether incest is a determinate species of lust?
    Whether sacrilege can be a species of lust?
    Whether the unnatural vice is a species of lust?
    Whether the unnatural vice is the greatest sin among the species of lust?
    Q155: OF CONTINENCE (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether continence is a virtue?
    Whether desires for pleasures of touch are the matter of continence?
    Whether the subject of continence is the concupiscible power?
    Whether continence is better than temperance?
    Q156: OF INCONTINENCE (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether incontinence pertains to the soul or to the body?
    Whether incontinence is a sin?
    Whether the incontinent man sins more gravely than the intemperate?
    Whether the incontinent in anger is worse than the incontinent in desire?
    Q157: OF CLEMENCY AND MEEKNESS (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether clemency and meekness are absolutely the same?
    Whether both clemency and meekness are virtues?
    Whether the aforesaid virtues are parts of temperance?
    Whether clemency and meekness are the greatest virtues?
    Q158: OF ANGER (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether it is lawful to be angry?
    Whether anger is a sin?
    Whether all anger is a mortal sin?
    Whether anger is the most grievous sin?
    Whether the Philosopher suitably assigns the species of anger?
    Whether anger should be reckoned among the capital vices?
    Whether six daughters are fittingly assigned to anger?
    Whether there is a vice opposed to anger resulting from lack of anger?
    Q159: OF CRUELTY (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether cruelty is opposed to clemency?
    Whether cruelty differs from savagery or brutality?
    Q160: OF MODESTY (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether modesty is a part of temperance?
    Whether modesty is only about outward actions?
    Q161: OF HUMILITY (SIX ARTICLES)
    Whether humility is a virtue?
    Whether humility has to do with the appetite?
    Whether one ought, by humility, to subject oneself to all men?
    Whether humility is a part of modesty or temperance?
    Whether humility is the greatest of the virtues?
    Whether twelve degrees of humility are fittingly distinguished in the Rule of the Blessed Benedict?
    Q162: OF PRIDE (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether pride is a sin?
    Whether pride is a special sin?
    Whether the subject of pride is the irascible faculty?
    Whether the four species of pride are fittingly assigned by Gregory?
    Whether pride is a mortal sin?
    Whether pride is the most grievous of sins?
    Whether pride is the first sin of all?
    Whether pride should be reckoned a capital vice?
    Q163: OF THE FIRST MAN'S SIN (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether pride was the first man's first sin?
    Whether the first man's pride consisted in his coveting God's likeness?
    Whether the sin of our first parents was more grievous than other sins?
    Whether Adam's sin was more grievous than Eve's?
    Q164: OF THE PUNISHMENTS OF THE FIRST MAN'S SIN (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether death is the punishment of our first parents' sin?
    Whether the particular punishments of our first parents are suitably appointed in Scripture?
    Q165: OF OUR FIRST PARENTS' TEMPTATION (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether it was fitting for man to be tempted by the devil?
    Whether the manner and order of the first temptation was fitting?
    Q166: OF STUDIOUSNESS (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether the proper matter of studiousness is knowledge?
    Whether studiousness is a part of temperance?
    Q167: OF CURIOSITY (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether curiosity can be about intellective knowledge?
    Whether the vice of curiosity is about sensitive knowledge?
    Q168: OF MODESTY AS CONSISTING IN THE OUTWARD MOVEMENTS OF THE BODY (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether any virtue regards the outward movements of the body?
    Whether there can be a virtue about games?
    Whether there can be sin in the excess of play?
    Whether there is a sin in lack of mirth?
    Q169: OF MODESTY IN THE OUTWARD APPAREL (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether there can be virtue and vice in connection with outward apparel?
    Whether the adornment of women is devoid of mortal sin?
    Q170: OF THE PRECEPTS OF TEMPERANCE (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether the precepts of temperance are suitably given in the Divine law?
    Whether the precepts of the virtues annexed to temperance are suitably given in the Divine law?

    TREATISE ON GRATUITOUS GRACES (Questions [171]-182)

    Q171: OF PROPHECY (SIX ARTICLES)
    Whether prophecy pertains to knowledge?
    Whether prophecy is a habit?
    Whether prophecy is only about future contingencies?
    Whether by the Divine revelation a prophet knows all that can be known prophetically?
    Whether the prophet always distinguishes what he says by his own spirit from what he says by the prophetic spirit?
    Whether things known or declared prophetically can be false?
    Q172: OF THE CAUSE OF PROPHECY (SIX ARTICLES)
    Whether prophecy can be natural?
    Whether prophetic revelation comes through the angels?
    Whether a natural disposition is requisite for prophecy?
    Whether a good life is requisite for prophecy?
    Whether any prophecy comes from the demons?
    Whether the prophets of the demons ever foretell the truth?
    Q173: OF THE MANNER IN WHICH PROPHETIC KNOWLEDGE IS CONVEYED (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether the prophets see the very essence of God?
    Whether, in prophetic revelation, new species of things are impressed on the prophet's mind, or merely a new light?
    Whether the prophetic vision is always accompanied by abstraction from the senses?
    Whether prophets always know the things which they prophesy?
    Q174: OF THE DIVISION OF PROPHECY (SIX ARTICLES)
    Whether prophecy is fittingly divided into the prophecy of divine predestination, of foreknowledge, and of denunciation?
    Whether the prophecy which is accompanied by intellective and imaginative vision is more excellent than that which is accompanied by intellective vision alone?
    Whether the degrees of prophecy can be distinguished according to the imaginary vision?
    Whether Moses was the greatest of the prophets?
    Whether there is a degree of prophecy in the blessed?
    Whether the degrees of prophecy change as time goes on?
    Q175: OF RAPTURE (SIX ARTICLES)
    Whether the soul of man is carried away to things divine?
    Whether rapture pertains to the cognitive rather than to the appetitive power?
    Whether Paul, when in rapture, saw the essence of God?
    Whether Paul, when in rapture, was withdrawn from his senses?
    Whether, while in this state, Paul's soul was wholly separated from his body?
    Did Paul know whether his soul were separated from his body?
    Q176: OF THE GRACE OF TONGUES (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether those who received the gift of tongues spoke in every language?
    Whether the gift of tongues is more excellent than the grace of prophecy?
    Q177: OF THE GRATUITOUS GRACE CONSISTING IN WORDS (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether any gratuitous grace attaches to words?
    Whether the grace of the word of wisdom and knowledge is becoming to women?
    PERTAINING TO WORKS (Questions [178]-182)

    Q178: OF THE GRACE OF MIRACLES (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether there is a gratuitous grace of working miracles?
    Whether the wicked can work miracles?
    Q179: OF THE DIVISION OF LIFE INTO ACTIVE AND CONTEMPLATIVE (TWO ARTICLES)
    Whether life is fittingly divided into active and contemplative?
    Whether life is adequately divided into active and contemplative?
    Q180: OF THE CONTEMPLATIVE LIFE (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether the contemplative life has nothing to do with the affections, and pertains wholly to the intellect?
    Whether the moral virtues pertain to the contemplative life?
    Whether there are various actions pertaining to the contemplative life?
    Whether the contemplative life consists in the mere contemplation of God, or also in the consideration of any truth whatever?
    Whether in the present state of life the contemplative life can reach to the vision of the Divine essence?
    Whether the operation of contemplation is fittingly divided into a threefold movement, circular, straight and oblique?
    Whether there is delight in contemplation?
    Whether the contemplative life is continuous?
    Q181: OF THE ACTIVE LIFE (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether all the actions of the moral virtues pertain to the active life?
    Whether prudence pertains to the active life?
    Whether teaching is a work of the active or of the contemplative life?
    Whether the active life remains after this life?
    Q182: OF THE ACTIVE LIFE IN COMPARISON WITH THE CONTEMPLATIVE LIFE (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether the active life is more excellent than the contemplative?
    Whether the active life is of greater merit than the contemplative?
    Whether the contemplative life is hindered by the active life?
    Whether the active life precedes the contemplative?

    TREATISE ON THE STATES OF LIFE (Questions [183]-189)

    Q183: OF MAN'S VARIOUS DUTIES AND STATES IN GENERAL (FOUR ARTICLES)
    Whether the notion of a state denotes a condition of freedom or servitude?
    Whether there should be different duties or states in the Church?
    Whether duties differ according to their actions?
    Whether the difference of states applies to those who are beginning, progressing, or perfect?
    Q184: OF THE STATE OF PERFECTION IN GENERAL (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether the perfection of the Christian life consists chiefly in charity?
    Whether any one can be perfect in this life?
    Whether, in this life, perfection consists in the observance of the commandments or of the counsels?
    Whether whoever is perfect is in the state of perfection?
    Whether religious and prelates are in the state of perfection?
    Whether all ecclesiastical prelates are in the state of perfection?
    Whether the religious state is more perfect than that of prelates?
    Whether parish priests and archdeacons are more perfect than religious?
    Q185: OF THINGS PERTAINING TO THE EPISCOPAL STATE (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether it is lawful to desire the office of a bishop?
    Whether it is lawful for a man to refuse absolutely an appointment to the episcopate?
    Whether he that is appointed to the episcopate ought to be better than others?
    Whether a bishop may lawfully forsake the episcopal cure, in order to enter religion?
    Whether it is lawful for a bishop on account of bodily persecution to abandon the flock committed to his care?
    Whether it is lawful for a bishop to have property of his own?
    Whether bishops sin mortally if they distribute not to the poor the ecclesiastical goods which accrue to them?
    Whether religious who are raised to the episcopate are bound to religious observances?
    Q186: OF THOSE THINGS IN WHICH THE RELIGIOUS STATE PROPERLY CONSISTS (TEN ARTICLES)
    Whether religion implies a state of perfection?
    Whether every religious is bound to keep all the counsels?
    Whether poverty is required for religious perfection?
    Whether perpetual continence is required for religious perfection?
    Whether obedience belongs to religious perfection?
    Whether it is requisite for religious perfection that poverty, continence, and obedience should come under a vow?
    Whether it is right to say that religious perfection consists in these three vows?
    Whether the vow of obedience is the chief of the three religious vows?
    Whether a religious sins mortally whenever he transgresses the things contained in his rule?
    Whether a religious sins more grievously than a secular by the same kind of sin?
    Q187: OF THOSE THINGS THAT ARE COMPETENT TO RELIGIOUS (SIX ARTICLES)
    Whether it is lawful for religious to teach, preach, and the like?
    Whether it is lawful for religious to occupy themselves with secular business?
    Whether religious are bound to manual labor?
    Whether it is lawful for religious to live on alms?
    Whether it is lawful for religious to beg?
    Whether it is lawful for religious to wear coarser clothes than others?
    Q188: OF THE DIFFERENT KINDS OF RELIGIOUS LIFE (EIGHT ARTICLES)
    Whether there is only one religious order?
    Whether a religious order should be established for the works of the active life?
    Whether a religious order can be directed to soldiering?
    Whether a religious order can be established for preaching or hearing confessions?
    Whether a religious order should be established for the purpose of study?
    Whether a religious order that is devoted to the contemplative life is more excellent than on that is given to the active life?
    Whether religious perfection is diminished by possessing something in common?
    Whether the religious life of those who live in community is more perfect than that of those who lead a solitary life?
    Q189: OF THE ENTRANCE INTO RELIGIOUS LIFE (TEN ARTICLES)
    Whether those who are not practiced in keeping the commandments should enter religion?
    Whether one ought to be bound by vow to enter religion?
    Whether one who is bound by a vow to enter religion is under an obligation of entering religion?
    Whether he who has vowed to enter religion is bound to remain in religion in perpetuity?
    Whether children should be received in religion?
    Whether one ought to be withdrawn from entering religion through deference to one's parents?
    Whether parish priests may lawfully enter religion?
    Whether it is lawful to pass from one religious order to another?
    Whether one ought to induce others to enter religion?
    Whether it is praiseworthy to enter religion without taking counsel of many, and previously deliberating for a long time?

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