John - Revised Standard Version (1966)
The Gospel according to John is quite different in character from the three synoptic gospels. It is highly literary and symbolic. It does not follow the same order or reproduce the same stories as the synoptic gospels. (...) - The gospel contains many details about Jesus not found in the synoptic gospels, e.g., that Jesus engaged in a baptizing ministry (John 3:22) before he changed to one of preaching and signs; that Jesus' public ministry lasted for several years (see the note on John 2:13); that he traveled to Jerusalem for various festivals and met serious opposition long before his death (John 2:14-25; 5; 7-8); and that he was put to death on the day before Passover (John l8:28). These events are not always in chronological order because of the development and editing that took place. However, the accuracy of much of the detail of the fourth gospel constitutes a strong argument that the Johannine tradition rests upon the testimony of an eyewitness. Although tradition identified this person as John, the son of Zebedee, most modern scholars find that the evidence does not support this.
- The fourth gospel is not simply history; the narrative has been organized and adapted to serve the evangelist's theological purposes as well. Among them are the opposition to the synagogue of the day and to John the Baptist's followers, who tried to exalt their master at Jesus' expense, the desire to show that Jesus was the Messiah, and the desire to convince Christians that their religious belief and practice must be rooted in Jesus. Such theological purposes have impelled the evangelist to emphasize motifs that were not so clear in the synoptic account of Jesus' ministry, e.g., the explicit emphasis on his divinity. - The polemic between synagogue and church produced bitter and harsh invective, especially regarding the hostility toward Jesus of the authorities--Pharisees and Sadducees--who are combined and referred to frequently as "the Jews" (see the note on John 1:19). These opponents are even described in John 8:44 as springing from their father the devil, whose conduct they imitate in opposing God by rejecting Jesus, whom God has sent. On the other hand, the author of this gospel seems to take pains to show that women are not inferior to men in the Christian community: the woman at the well in Samaria (John 4) is presented as a prototype of a missionary (John 4:4-42), and the first witness of the resurrection is a woman (John 20:11-18). - The final editing of the gospel and arrangement in its present form probably dates from between A.D. 90 and 100. Traditionally, Ephesus has been favored as the place of composition, though many support a location in Syria, perhaps the city of Antioch, while some have suggested other places, including Alexandria. - The principal divisions of the Gospel according to John are the following: I. Prologue (John 1:1-18) II. The Book of Signs (John 1:19-12:50) III. The Book of Glory (John l3:1-20:31) IV. Epilogue: The Resurrection Appearance in Galilee (John 21:1-25) - (NAB)

Headings



Book of


JOHN


1 The Word Became Flesh
The Testimony of John the Baptist
The Lamb of God
The First Disciples of Jesus
Jesus Calls Philip and Nathanael
2 The Wedding at Cana
Jesus Cleanses the Temple
3 Nicodemus Visits Jesus
Jesus and John the Baptist
The One Who Comes from Heaven
4 Jesus and the Woman of Samaria
Jesus Returns to Galilee
Jesus Heals an Official's Son
5 Jesus Heals on the Sabbath
The Authority of the Son
Witnesses to Jesus
6 Feeding the Five Thousand
Jesus Walks on the Water
The Bread from Heaven
The Words of Eternal Life
7 The Unbelief of Jesus' Brothers
Jesus at the Festival of Booths
Is This the Christ?
Officers Are Sent to Arrest Jesus
Rivers of Living Water
Division among the People
The Unbelief of Those in Authority
The Woman Caught in Adultery
8 Jesus the Light of the World
Jesus Foretells His Death
True Disciples
Jesus and Abraham
9 A Man Born Blind Receives Sight
The Pharisees Investigate the Healing
Spiritual Blindness
10 Jesus the Good Shepherd
Jesus Is Rejected by the Jews
11 The Death of Lazarus
Jesus the Resurrection and the Life
Jesus Weeps
Jesus Raises Lazarus to Life
The Plot to Kill Jesus
12 Mary Anoints Jesus
The Plot to Kill Lazarus
Jesus' Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem
Some Greeks Wish to See Jesus
Jesus Speaks about His Death
The Unbelief of the People
Summary of Jesus' Teaching
13 Jesus Washes the Disciples' Feet
Jesus Foretells His Betrayal
The New Commandment
Jesus Foretells Peter's Denial
14 Jesus the Way to the Father
The Promise of the Holy Spirit
15 Jesus the True Vine
The World's Hatred
16 The Work of the Spirit
Sorrow Will Turn into Joy
Peace for the Disciples
17 Jesus Prays for His Disciples
18 The Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus
Jesus before the High Priest
Peter Denies Jesus
The High Priest Questions Jesus
Peter Denies Jesus Again
Jesus before Pilate
Jesus Sentenced to Death
19 The Crucifixion of Jesus
Jesus' Side Is Pierced
The Burial of Jesus
20 The Resurrection of Jesus
Jesus Appears to Mary Magdalene
Jesus Appears to the Disciples
Jesus and Thomas
The Purpose of This Book
21 Jesus Appears to Seven Disciples
Jesus and Peter
Jesus and the Beloved Disciple

Version
Nova Vulgata - Latin
Biblia del Pueblo di Dio (BPD) - Spanish
Vulgata - Stuttgart 1969 - Latin
BÝblia Sagrada Ave-Maria (1957) - Portuguese
La Sainte Bible (Crampon 1904) - French
CEI (1974) - Italian
Einheits▄bersetzung der Heiligen Sc - German