Augustin: Doctrine
npnf1-02 Augustin.
4 books On Christian Doctrine.


On Christian Doctrine

Introductory Note by the Editor.
Preface, Showing the Utility of the Treatise on Christian Doctrine.
1 Preface. Showing that to teach rules for the interpretation of Scripture is not a superfluous task.

Book I - Containing a General View of the Subjects Treated in Holy Scripture.
1001 Chapter 1.—The Interpretation of Scripture Depends on the Discovery and Enunciation of the Meaning, and is to Be Undertaken in Dependence on God’s Aid.
1002 Chapter 2.—What a Thing Is, and What Asign.
1003 Chapter 3.—Some Things are for Use, Some for Enjoyment.
1004 Chapter 4.—Difference of Use and Enjoyment.
1005 Chapter 5.—The Trinity the True Object of Enjoyment.
1006 Chapter 6.—In What Sense God is Ineffable.
1007 Chapter 7.—What All Men Understand by the Term God.
1008 Chapter 8.—God to Be Esteemed Above All Else, Because He is Unchangeable Wisdom.
1009 Chapter 9.—All Acknowledge the Superiority of Unchangeable Wisdom to that Which is Variable.
1010 Chapter 10.—To See God, the Soul Must Be Purified.
1011 Chapter 11.—Wisdom Becoming Incarnate, a Pattern to Us of Purification.
1012 Chapter 12.—Inwhat Sense the Wisdom of God Came to Us.
Chapter 13.—The Word Was Made Flesh.
1013 Chapter 14.—How the Wisdom of God Healed Man.
1014 Chapter 15.—Faith is Buttressed by the Resurrection and Ascension of Christ, and is Stimulated by His Coming to Judgment.
1015 Chapter 16.—Christ Purges His Church by Medicinal Afflictions.
1016 Chapter 17.—Christ, by Forgiving Our Sins, Opened the Way to Our Home.
1017 Chapter 18.—The Keys Given to the Church.
1018 Chapter 19.—Bodily and Spiritual Death and Resurrection.
1019 Chapter 20.—The Resurrection to Damnation.
Chapter 21.—Neither Body Nor Soul Extinguished at Death.
1020 Chapter 22.—God Alone to Be Enjoyed.
1022 Chapter 23.—Man Needs No Injunction to Love Himself and His Own Body.
1024 Chapter 24.—No Man Hates His Own Flesh, Not Even Those Who Abuse It.
1026 Chapter 25.—A Man May Love Something More Than His Body, But Does Not Therefore Hate His Body.
1027 Chapter 26.—The Command to Love God and Our Neighbor Includes a Command to Love Ourselves.
1028 Chapter 27.—The Order of Love.
1029 Chapter 28.—How We are to Decide Whom to Aid.
1030 Chapter 29.—We are to Desire and Endeavor that All Men May Love God.
1031 Chapter 30.—Whether Angels are to Be Reckoned Our Neighbors.
1034 Chapter 31.—God Uses Rather Than Enjoys Us.
1035 Chapter 32.—In What Way God Uses Man.
1036 Chapter 33.—In What Way Man Should Be Enjoyed.
1038 Chapter 34.—Christ the First Way to God.
1039 Chapter 35.—The Fulfillment and End of Scripture is the Love of God and Our Neighbor.
1040 Chapter 36.—That Interpretation of Scripture Which Builds Us Up in Love is Not Perniciously Deceptive Nor Mendacious, Even Though It Be Faulty. The Interpreter, However, Should Be Corrected.
1041 Chapter 37.—Dangers of Mistaken Interpretation.
1042 Chapter 38.—Love Never Faileth.
1043 Chapter 39.—He Who is Mature in Faith, Hope and Love, Needs Scripture No Longer.
1044 Chapter 40.—What Manner of Reader Scripture Demands.

2000 Book II
2001 Chapter 1.—Signs, Their Nature and Variety.
2003 Chapter 2.—Of the Kind of Signs We are Now Concerned with.
2004 Chapter 3.—Among Signs, Words Hold the Chief Place.
2005 Chapter 4.—Origin of Writing.
2006 Chapter 5.—Scripture Translated into Various Languages.
2007 Chapter 6.—Use of the Obscurities in Scripture Which Arise from Its Figurative Language.
2009 Chapter 7.—Steps to Wisdom: First, Fear; Second, Piety; Third, Knowledge; Fourth, Resolution; Fifth, Counsel; Sixth, Purification of Heart; Seventh, Stop or Termination, Wisdom.
2012 Chapter 8.—The Canonical Books.
2014 Chapter 9.—How We Should Proceed in Studying Scripture.
2015 Chapter 10.—Unknown or Ambiguous Signs Prevent Scripture from Being Understood.
2016 Chapter 11.—Knowledge of Languages, Especially of Greek and Hebrew, Necessary to Remove Ignorance or Signs.
2017 Chapter 12.—A Diversity of Interpretations is Useful. Errors Arising from Ambiguous Words.
2019 Chapter 13.—How Faulty Interpretations Can Be Emended.
2021 Chapter 14.—How the Meaning of Unknown Words and Idioms is to Be Discovered.
2022 Chapter 15.—Among Versions a Preference is Given to the Septuagint and the Itala.
2023 Chapter 16.—The Knowledge Both of Language and Things is Helpful for the Understanding of Figurative Expressions.
2027 Chapter 17.—Origin of the Legend of the Nine Muses.
2028 Chapter 18.—No Help is to Be Despised, Even Though It Come from a Profane Source.
2029 Chapter 19.—Two Kinds Ofheathen Knowledge.
2030 Chapter 20.—The Superstitious Nature of Human Institutions.
2032 Chapter 21.—Superstition of Astrologers.
2033 Chapter 22 .—The Folly of Observing the Stars in Order to Predict the Events of a Life.
2035 Chapter 23.—Why We Repudiate Arts of Divination.
2037 Chapter 24.—The Intercourse and Agreement with Demons Which Superstitious Observances Maintain.
2038 Chapter 25.—In Human Institutions Which are Not Superstitious, There are Some Things Superfluous and Some Convenient and Necessary.
2040 Chapter 26.—What Human Contrivances We are to Adopt, and What We are to Avoid.
2041 Chapter 27.—Some Departments of Knowledge, Not of Mere Human Invention, Aid Us in Interpreting Scripture.
2042 Chapter 28.—To What Extent History is an Aid.
2045 Chapter 29.—To What Extent Natural Science is an Exegetical Aid.
2047 Chapter 30.—What the Mechanical Arts Contribute to Exegetics.
2048 Chapter 31.—Use of Dialectics. Of Fallacies.
2050 Chapter 32.—Valid Logical Sequence is Not Devised But Only Observed by Man.
2051 Chapter 33.—False Inferences May Be Drawn from Valid Reasonings, and Vice Versa.
2052 Chapter 34.—It is One Thing to Know the Laws of Inference, Another to Know the Truth of Opinions.
2053 Chapter 35 .—The Science of Definition is Not False, Though It May Be Applied to Falsities.
2054 Chapter 36.—The Rules of Eloquence are True, Though Sometimes Used to Persuade Men of What is False.
2055 Chapter 37.—Use of Rhetoric and Dialectic.
2056 Chapter 38.—The Science of Numbers Not Created, But Only Discovered, by Man.
2058 Chapter 39.—To Which of the Above-Mentioned Studies Attention Should Be Given, and in What Spirit.
2060 Chapter 40.—Whatever Has Been Rightly Said by the Heathen, We Must Appropriate to Our Uses.
2062 Chapter 41.—What Kind of Spirit is Required for the Study of Holy Scripture.
2063 Chapter 42.—Sacred Scripture Compared with Profane Authors.

3000 Book III
3001 Chapter I .—Summary of the Foregoing Books, and Scope of that Which Follows.
3002 Chapter 2.—Rule for Removing Ambiguity by Attending to Punctuation.
3006 Chapter 3.—How Pronunciation Serves to Remove Ambiguity Different Kinds of Interrogation.
3008 Chapter 4.—How Ambiguities May Be Solved.
3009 Chapter 5.—It is a Wretched Slavery Which Takes the Figurative Expressions of Scripture in a Literal Sense.
3010 Chapter 6.—Utility of the Bondage of the Jews.
3011 Chapter 7.—The Useless Bondage of the Gentiles.
3012 Chapter 8.—The Jews Liberated from Their Bondage in One Way, the Gentiles in Another.
3013 Chapter 9.—Who is in Bondage to Signs, and Who Not.
3014 Chapter 10.—How We are to Discern Whether a Phrase is Figurative.
3017 Chapter II.—Rule for Interpreting Phrases Which Seem to Ascribe Severity to God and the Saints.
3018 Chapter 12.—Rule for Interpreting Those Sayings and Actions Which are Ascribed to God and the Saints, and Which Yet Seem to the Unskillful to Be Wicked.
3021 Chapter 13.—Same Subject, Continued.
3022 Chapter 14.—Error of Those Who Think that There is No Absolute Right and Wrong.
3023 Chapter 15.—Rule for Interpreting Figurative Expressions.
3024 Chapter 16.—Rule for Interpreting Commands and Prohibitions.
3025 Chapter 17.—Some Commands are Given to All in Common, Others to Particular Classes.
3026 Chapter 18.—We Must Take into Consideration the Time at Which Anything Was Enjoyed or Allowed.
3028 Chapter 19.—Wicked Men Judge Others by Themselves.
3029 Chapter 20.—Consistency of Good Men in All Outward Circumstances.
3030 Chapter 21.—David Not Lustful, Though He Fell into Adultery.
3032 Chapter 22.—Rule Regarding Passages of Scripture in Which Approval is Expressed of Actions Which are Now Condemned by Good Men.
3033 Chapter 23.—Rule Regarding the Narrative of Sins of Great Men.
3034 Chapter 24.—The Character of the Expressions Used is Above All to Have Weight.
Chapter 25.—The Same Word Does Not Always Signify the Same Thing.
3037 Chapter 26.—Obscure Passages are to Be Interpreted by Those Which are Clearer.
3038 Chapter 27.—One Passage Susceptible of Various Interpretations.
3039 Chapter 28.—It is Safer to Explain a Doubtful Passage by Other Passages of Scripture Than by Reason.
3040 Chapter 29.—The Knowledge of Tropes is Necessary.
3042 Chapter 30.—The Rules of Tichonius the Donatist Examined.
3044 Chapter 31.—The First Rule of Tichonius.
3045 Chapter 32.—The Second Rule of Tichonius.
3046 Chapter 33. The Third Rule of Tichonius.
3047 Chapter 34.—The Fourth Rule of Tichonius.
3050 Chapter 35.—The Fifth Rule of Tichonius.
3052 Chapter 36.—The Sixth Rule of Tichonius.
3055 Chapter 37.—The Seventh Rule of Tichonius.

4000 Book IV
4001 Chapter 1.—This Work Not Intended as a Treatise on Rhetoric.
4003 Chapter 2.—It is Lawful for a Christian Teacher to Use the Art of Rhetoric.
4004 Chapter 3.—The Proper Age and the Proper Means for Acquiring Rhetorical Skill.
4006 Chapter 4.—Theduty of the Christian Teacher.
4007 Chapter 5.—Wisdom of More Importance Than Eloquence to the Christ!an Teacher.
4009 Chapter 6.—The Sacred Writers Unite Eloquence with Wisdom.
4011 Chapter 7.—Examples of True Eloquence Drawn from the Epistles of Paul and the Prophecies of Amos.
4022 Chapter 8.—The Obscurity of the Sacred Writers, Though Compatible with Eloquence, Not to Be Imitated by Christian Teachers.
4023 Chapter 9.—How, and with Whom, Difficult Passages are to Be Discussed.
4024 Chapter 10.—The Necessity for Perspicuityof Style.
4026 Chapter 11.—The Christian Teacher Must Speak Clearly, But Not Inelegantly.
4027 Chapter 12.—The Aim of the Orator, According to Cicero, is to Teach, to Delight, and to Move. Of These, Teaching is the Most Essential.
4029 Chapter 13.—The Hearer Must Be Moved as Well as Instructed.
4030 Chapter 14.—Beauty of Diction to Be in Keeping with the Matter.
4032 Chapter 15.—The Christian Teacher Should Pray Before Preaching.
4033 Chapter 16.—Human Directions Not to Be Despised, Though God Makes the True Teacher.
4035 Chapter 18.—The Christian Orator is Constantly Dealing with Great Matters.
4038 Chapter 19.—The Christian Teacher Must Use Different Styles on Different Occasions.
4039 Chapter 20.—Examples of the Various Styles Drawn from Scripture.
4045 Chapter 21.—Examples of the Various Styles, Drawn from the Teachers of the Church, Especially Ambrose and Cyprian.
4051 Chapter 22.—The Necessity of Variety in Style.
4052 Chapter 23.—How the Various Styles Should Be Mingled.
4053 Chapter 24.—The Effects Produced by the Majestic Style.
4055 Chapter 25.—How the Temperate Style is to Be Used.
4056 Chapter 26.—In Every Style the Orator Should Aim at Perspicuity, Beauty, and Persuasiveness.
4059 Chapter 27.—The Man Whose Life is in Harmony with His Teaching Will Teach with Greater Effect.
4061 Chapter 28.—Truth is More Important Than Expression.what is Meant by Strifeabout Words.
Chapter 29.—It is Permissible for a Preacher to Deliver to the People What Has Been Written by a More Eloquent Man Than Himself.
4063 Chapter 30.—The Preacher Should Commence His Discourse with Prayer to God.
4064 Chapter 31.—Apology for the Length of the Work.