1Kings - La Sainte Bible (Crampon 1904)
The two Books of Kings were originally, like 1 Sam; 2 Sam - a single historical work. In conjunction with the Books of Samuel, they extend the consecutive history of Israel from the birth of Samuel to the destruction of Jerusalem in 587 B.C. This combined work is designed as a religious history; hence in Kings the temple, which is the chosen site for the worship of Yahweh, occupies the center of attention. The Books of Kings show clearly the theological bent of a Deuteronomic editor. In them, as already in Judges, material from various sources, such as the "book of the acts of Solomon" (1 Kings 11:41) and the "book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel" (1 Kings 14:19), is forged into structural unity by an editor whose principal interest is in the fidelity to Yahweh of rulers and people. The reigns of individual kings are adapted to an editorial framework consisting of a presentation and an obituary notice for each, in stereotyped formulas. In between, the achievements of the king are reported-above all, his fidelity or lack of fidelity to Yahweh. The faithful prosper; the unfaithful pay for their defections. Since this is basically a narrative of sin and retribution, it would not be inappropriate to entitle the Books of Kings "The Rise and Fall of the Israelite Monarchy." Without minimizing the complexity of the process by which this material was transmitted for many centuries, one may speak of two editions of the Books: the first at some time between 621 B.C. and 597 B.C., and the second, final edition during the Exile; probably shortly after Jehoiachin was released from his Babylonian prison (561 B.C.). 1 Kings carries the history of Israel from the last days and death of David to the accession in Samaria of Ahaziah, son of Ahab, near the end of the reign of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah. Judgment is passed on Ahaziah's reign but the details are given only later, in 2 Kings. We should note the two large cycles of traditions which grew up around the great prophetic figures of Elijah and Elisha, the former in 1 Kings and the latter chiefly in 2 Kings. These cycles, which interrupt the sequence of regnal chronicles, were very probably preserved and transmitted by the prophetic communities to which there are references in the same traditions. The Elijah cycle is the more important since it dramatically underscores Israel's critical struggle with the religion of Canaan. - The principal divisions of the Books of Kings are: I. The Reign of Solomon (1 Kings 1:1-11:43) II. Judah and Israel to the Time of Ahab (1 Kings 12:1-16:34) III. Stories of the Prophets (1 Kings 17:1-22:54) IV. The Kingdoms of Israel and Judah (2 Kings 1:1-17:41) V. The Kingdom of Judah after 721 B.C. (2 Kings 18:1-25:30) - (NAB)

  • édition numérique par Richard Bourret
  • Domaine public

  • Headings

    Premier livre des Rois

    1 Vieillesse de David; la Sunamite

    A. La succession de David
    1.les menées d'Adonias
    2. intrigues de Nathan et de Bathsabée
    3.désignation de Salomon comme successeur
    4.Salomon est sacré roi
    5.Adonias est épargné
    2 Dernières recommandations et mort de David

    B.Règne de Salomon
    Salomon se débarrasse de ses ennemis
    1.Meurtre d'Adonias
    2.Le sort du prêtre Ebyatar
    3.Meutre de Joab
    4.Désobéissance et meutre de Schiméï
    3 Mariage de Salomon
    Piété de Salomon
    Le songe de Gabaon
    Le jugement de Salomon
    4 Les grands officiers de Salomon
    Les intendants de Salomon
    Puissance de Salomon
    5 Sagesse et renommée de Salomon
    Préparatifs pour la construction du Temple
    6 Construction du Temple
    7 Le palais de Salomon
    8 Dédicace du Temple - transfert de l'Arche
    Discours de Salomon au peuple
    Prière de Salomon
    Salomon bénit l'assemblée
    Sacrifices de la Dédicace
    9 Apparition de Yahvé
    Villes données à Hiram
    Construction des places fortes
    Organisation des corvées
    La fille de Pharaon
    Oraganisation du service du Temple
    10 Visite de la reine de Saba
    Richesses de Salomon
    11 Les femmes de Salomon source d'idolâtrie
    Les ennemis extérieurs de Salomon
    La révolte de Jéroboam
    Mort de Salomon
    12 Schisme - l'assemblée de Sichem
    Le schisme politique
    Le schisme religieux
    13 Malédiction sur Béthel
    Le vieux prophète
    14 Le prophète Ahiyya et le fils de Jéroboam
    Roboam - Invasion de Sheshonq
    15 Abiyyam roi de Juda
    Asa roi de Juda - réformes religieuses
    Guerre avec Basha roi d'Israël
    Conclusion du règne d'Asa
    Nadab roi de d'Israël
    Basha roi d'Israël
    16 Ela roi d'Israël - conspiration de Zimri
    Zimri roi d'Israël
    Omri roi d'Israël
    Achab roi d'Israël
    17 Elie annonce une famine et se retire à Kerit
    La veuve de Sarepta
    Le fils de la veuve
    18 Rencontre d'Eli avec Obadyahu
    Elie et Achab
    Les prophètes de Baal au mont Carmel
    La pluie
    19 Menaces et fuite d'Elie
    Rencontre de Dieu
    20 Première campagne contre les araméens
    Deusième campagne, la bataille d'Apheq
    21 La vigne de Naboth
    Meurtre de Naboth
    Intervention d'Elie
    22 Mort d'Achab
    Josaphat roi de Juda
    Ochozias roi d'Israël

    Revised Standard Version (1966) - English
    Nova Vulgata - Latin
    Biblia del Pueblo di Dio (BPD) - Spanish
    Vulgata - Stuttgart 1969 - Latin
    Bíblia Sagrada Ave-Maria (1957) - Portuguese
    CEI (1974) - Italian
    EinheitsÜbersetzung der Heiligen Sc - German