De veritate EN
ST THOMAS AQUINAS
THE 29 QUESTIONS ON TRUTH
Translated from the definitive Leonine text
By Robert W. Mulligan S.J
1952.

Headings

THE 29 QUESTIONS ON TRUTH

1
ST THOMAS AQUINAS


QUESTION ONE: Truth


ARTICLE 1: WHAT IS TRUTH?


2REPLY:
ARTICLE II: IS TRUTH FOUND PRINCIPALLY IN THE INTELLECT OR IN THINGS?


3REPLY:
ARTICLE III: IS TRUTH ONLY IN THE INTELLECT JOINING AND SEPARATING?


4REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: IS THERE ONLY ONE TRUTH BY WHICH ALL THINGS ARE TRUE?


5REPLY:
ARTICLE V: IS SOME TRUTH BESIDES THE FIRST TRUTH ETERNAL?


6REPLY:
ARTICLE VI: IS CREATED TRUTH IMMUTABLE?


7REPLY:
ARTICLE VII: IS TRUTH AS APPLIED TO GOD PREDICATED PERSONALLY OR ESSENTIALLY?


8REPLY:
ARTICLE VIII: IS EVERY OTHER TRUTH FROM THE FIRST TRUTH?


9REPLY:
ARTICLE IX: IS TRUTH IN SENSE?


10REPLY:
ARTICLE X: IS THERE ANY FALSE THING?


11RE PLY:
ARTICLE XI: IS FALSITY IN SENSE?


12REPLY:
ARTICLE XII: IS FALSITY IN THE INTELLECT?


13REPLY:
QUESTION 2: Godís Knowledge


ARTICLE I: IS THERE KNOWLEDGE IN GOD?


14REPLY:
ARTICLE II: DOES GOD KNOW OR UNDERSTAND HIMSELF?


15REPLY:
ARTICLE III: DOES GOD KNOW THINGS OTHER THAN HIMSELF?


16REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: DOES GOD HAVE PROPER AND DETERMINATE KNOWLEDGE OF THINGS?


17REPLY:
ARTICLE V: DOES GOD KNOW SINGULAR THINGS?


18REPLY:
ARTICLE VI: DOES THE HUMAN INTELLECT KNOW SINGULARS?


19REPLY:
ARTICLE VII: DOES GOD KNOW THE SINGULAR As Now EXISTING OR NOT EXISTING?


20REPLY:
ARTICLE VIII: DOES GOD KNOW NON-BEINGS AND THINGS WHICH ARE NOT, HAVE NOT BEEN, AND WILL NOT BE?


21REPLY:
ARTICLE IX: DOES GOD KNOW INFINITES?


22REPLY:
ARTICLE X: CAN GOD MAKE INFINITES?


23REPLY:
ARTICLE XI: IS KNOWLEDGE PREDICATED OF GOD AND MEN PURELY EQUIVOCALLY?


24REPLY:
ARTICLE XII: DOES GOD KNOW SINGULAR FUTURE CONTINGENTS?


25REPLY:
ARTICLE XIII: DOES GODíS KNOWLEDGE CHANGE?


26REPLY:
ARTICLE XIV: IS GODíS KNOWLEDGE THE CAUSE OF THINGS?


27REPLY:
ARTICLE XV: DOES GOD HAVE KNOWLEDGE OF EVIL THINGS?


28REPLY:
QUESTION 3: Ideas


ARTICLE I: ARE THERE IDEAS IN GOD?


29REPLY:
ARTICLE II: ARE THERE MANY IDEAS?


30REPLY:
ARTICLE III: DO IDEAS BELONG TO SPECULATIVE OR ONLY TO PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE?


31REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: IS THERE IN GOD AN IDEA OF EVIL?


32REPLY:
ARTICLE V: IS THERE IN GOD AN IDEA OF FIRST MATTER?


33REPLY:
ARTICLE VI: ARE THERE IDEAS IN GOD OF THOSE THINGS WHICH DO NOT EXIST, WILL NOT EXIST, AND HAVE NOT EXISTED?


34REPLY:
ARTICLE VII: ARE THERE IN GOD IDEAS OF ACCIDENTS?


35REPLY:
ARTICLE VIII: ARE THERE IN GOD IDEAS OF SINGULARS?


36REPLY:
QUESTION 4: The Divine Word


ARTICLE I: CAN THERE BE A WORD, PROPERLY SPEAKING, IN GOD?


37REPLY:
ARTICLE II: IS WORD PREDICATED OF GOD ESSENTIALLY OR ONLY PERSONALLY?


38REPLY:
ARTICLE III: IS WORD A PROPER NAME OF THE HOLY SPIRIT?


39REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: DOES THE FATHER UTTER ALL CREATURES IN THE WORD BY WHICH HE UTTERS HIMSELF?


40REPLY:
ARTICLE V: DOES THE WORD IMPLY A RELATION TO CREATURES?


41REPLY:
ARTICLE VI: DO THINGS EXIST MORE TRULY IN THE WORD OR IN THEMSELVES?


42REPLY:
ARTICLE VII: IS THE WORD RELATED TO THOSE THINGS WHICH DO NOT EXIST, WILL NOT EXIST, AND NEVER HAVE EXISTED?


43REPLY:
ARTICLE VIII: ARE ALL CREATED THINGS LIFE IN THE WORD?


44REPLY:
QUESTION V: Providence


ARTICLE I: TO WHICH ATTRIBUTE CAN GODíS PROVIDENCE BE REDUCED?


45REPLY:
ARTICLE II: IS THE WORLD RULED BY PROVIDENCE?


46REPLY:
ARTICLE III: DOES GODíS PROVIDENCE EXTEND TO CORRUPTIBLE THINGS?


47REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: ARE THE MOTIONS AND ACTIONS OF ALL BODIES HERE BELOW SUBJECT TO DIVINE PROVIDENCE?


48REPLY:
ARTICLE V: ARE HUMAN ACTS RULED BY PROVIDENCE?


49REPLY:
ARTICLE VI: ARE BRUTE ANIMALS AND THEIR ACTS SUBJECT TO GODíS PROVIDENCE?


50REPLY:
ARTICLE VII: ARE SINNERS RULED BY GODíS PROVIDENCE?


51REPLY:
ARTICLE VIII: ARE ALL MATERIAL CREATURES GOVERNED BY GODís PROVIDENCE THROUGH ANGELS?


52REPLY:
ARTICLE IX: DOES DIVINE PROVIDENCE DISPOSE BODIES HERE BELOW BY MEANS OF THE CELESTIAL BODIES?


53REPLY:
ARTICLE X: ARE HUMAN ACTS GOVERNED BY GODíS PROVIDENCE THROUGH THE INSTRUMENTALITY OF CELESTIAL BODIES?


54REPLY:
QUESTION 6: Predestination


ARTICLE I: DOES PREDESTINATION BELONG TO KNOWLEDGE OR WILL?


55REPLY:
ARTICLE II: IS FOREKNOWLEDGE OF MERITS THE CAUSE OF OR REASON FOR PREDESTINATION?


56REPLY:
ARTICLE III: IS PREDESTINATION CERTAIN?


57REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: IS THE NUMBER OF PREDESTINED CERTAIN?


58REPLY:
ARTICLE V: ARE THE PREDESTINED CERTAIN OF THEIR PREDESTINATION?


59REPLY:
ARTICLE VI: CAN PREDESTINATION BE HELPED BY THE PRAYERS OF THE SAINTS?


60REPLY:
QUESTION 7: The book of life


ARTICLE I: IS THE BOOK OF LIFE A CREATED THING?


61REPLY:
ARTICLE II: IS THE BOOK OF LIFE PREDICATED OF GOD PERSONALLY OR ESSENTIALLY?


62REPLY:
ARTICLE III: CAN THE BOOK OF LIFE BE APPROPRIATED TO THE SON?


63REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: IS THE BOOK OF LIFE THE SAME AS PREDESTINATION?


64REPLY:
ARTICLE V: IS THE BOOK OF LIFE SPOKEN OF IN RELATION TO UNCREATED LIFE?


65REPLY:
ARTICLE VI: IS THE BOOK OF LIFE SPOKEN OF IN RELATION TO THE NATURAL LIFE OF CREATURES?


66REPLY:
ARTICLE VII: DOES THE BOOK OF LIFE USED WITHOUT QUALIFICATION REFER TO THE LIFE OF GRACE?


67REPLY:
ARTICLE VIII: CAN WE SPEAK OF A BOOK OF DEATH As WE SPEAK OF THE BOOK OF LIFE?


68REPLY:
QUESTION 8: The Knowledge of Angels


ARTICLE I: DO THE ANGELS SEE GOD THROUGH HIS ESSENCE?


69REPLY:
ARTICLE II: DO THE INTELLECTS OF BEATIFIED ANGELS AND MEN COMPREHEND THE DIVINE ESSENCE?


70REPLY:
ARTICLE III: CAN AN ANGEL BY MEANS OF HIS OWN NATURAL POWERS ATTAIN THE VISION OF GOD THROUGH HIS ESSENCE?


71REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: DOES AN ANGEL, SEEING GOD THROUGH HIS ESSENCE, KNOW ALL THINGS?


72REPLY:
ARTICLE V: IS THE VISION OF THINGS IN THE WORD HAD THROUGH LIKENESSES OF THEM EXISTING IN THE ANGELIC INTELLECTS?


73REPLY:
ARTICLE VI: DOES AN ANGEL KNOW HIMSELF?


74REPLY:
ARTICLE VII: DOES ONE ANGEL KNOW ANOTHER?


75REPLY:
ARTICLE VIII: DOES AN ANGEL KNOW MATERIAL THINGS THROUGH FORMS OR BY KNOWING HIS OWN ESSENCE?


76REPLY:
ARTICLE IX: ARE THE FORMS BY WHICH ANGELS KNOW MATERIAL THINGS INNATE OR RECEIVED FROM THINGS?


77REPLY:
ARTICLE X: DO HIGHER ANGELS KNOW BY FORMS MORE UNIVERSAL THAN THOSE BY WHICH LOWER ANGELS KNOW?


78REPLY:
ARTICLE XI: DO ANGELS KNOW SINGULARS?


79REPLY:
ARTICLE XII: DO ANGELS KNOW THE FUTURE?


80REPLY:
ARTICLE XIII: CAN ANGELS KNOW THE HEARTíS SECRETS?


81REPLY:
ARTICLE XIV: CAN ANGELS KNOW MANY THINGS AT THE SAME TIME?


82REPLY:
ARTICLE XV: IS ANGELS KNOWLEDGE OF THINGS DISCURSIVE?


83REPLY:
ARTICLE XVI: SHOULD MORNING KNOWLEDGE BE DISTINGUISHED FROM EVENING KNOWLEDGE IN ANGELS?


84REPLY:
ARTICLE XVII: IS AN ANGELíS KNOWLEDGE ADEQUATELY DIVIDED INTO MORNING AND EVENING KNOWLEGE?


85REPLY:
QUESTION 9: The Communication of Angelic Knowledge


ARTICLE I: DOES ONE ANGEL ILLUMINE ANOTHER?


86REPLY:
ARTICLE II: IS AN INFERIOR ANGEL ALWAYS ILLUMINED BY A SUPERIOR ANGEL OR IS HE SOMETIMES ILLUMINED DIRECTLY BY GOD?


87REPLY:
ARTICLE III: DOES ONE ANGEL CLEANSE ANOTHER WHEN HE ILLUMINES HIM?


88REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: DOES ONE ANGEL SPEAK TO ANOTHER?


89REPLY:
ARTICLE V: DO THE INFERIOR ANGELS SPEAK TO THE SUPERIOR?


90REPLY:
ARTICLE VI: IS A DETERMINATE LOCAL DISTANCE REQUIRED IN ORDER THAT ONE ANGEL CAN SPEAK TO ANOTHER?


91REPLY:
ARTICLE VII: CAN ONE ANGEL SPEAK TO ANOTHER IN SUCH A WAY THAT OTHERS WILL NOT KNOW WHAT HE IS SAYING?


92REPLY:
QUESTION 10: The Mind


ARTICLE I: IS THE MIND, AS CONTAINING WITHIN ITSELF THE IMAGE OF THE TRINITY, THE ESSENCE OF THE SOUL OR ONE OF ITS POWERS?


93REPLY:
ARTICLE II: IS THERE MEMORY IN THE MIND?


94REPLY:
ARTICLE III: IS MEMORY DISTINGUISHED FROM UNDERSTANDING AS ONE POWER FROM ANOTHER?


95REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: DOES THE MIND KNOW MATERIAL THINGS?


96REPLY:
ARTICLE V: CAN OUR MIND KNOW MATERIAL THINGS IN THEIR SINGULARITY?


97REPLY:
ARTICLE VI: DOES THE HUMAN MIND RECEIVE KNOWLEDGE FROM SENSIBLE THINGS?


98REPLY:
ARTICLE VII: IS THE IMAGE OF THE TRINITY IN THE MIND AS IT KNOWS MATERIAL THINGS OR ONLY AS IT KNOWS ETERNAL THINGS?


99REPLY:
ARTICLE VIII: DOES THE MIND KNOW ITSELF THROUGH ITS ESSENCE OR THROUGH SOME SPECIES?


100REPLY:
ARTICLE IX: IS IT THROUGH THEIR ESSENCE OR THROUGH SOME LIKENESS THAT OUR MIND KNOWS HABITS WHICH EXIST IN THE SOUL?


101REPLY:
ARTICLE X: CAN ONE KNOW THAT HE HAS CHARITY?


102REPLY:
ARTICLE XI: CAN THE MIND IN THIS LIFE SEE GOD THROUGH HIS ESSENCE?


103REPLY:
ARTICLE XII: IS GODíS EXISTENCE SELF-EVIDENT TO THE HUMAN MIND, JUST AS FIRST PRINCIPLES OF DEMONSTRATION, WHICH CANNOT BE THOUGHT NOT TO EXIST?


104REPLY:
ARTICLE XIII: CAN THE TRINITY OF PERSONS IN GOD BE KNOWN BY NATURAL REASON?


105REPLY:
QUESTION 11: The Teacher


ARTICLE I: CAN A MAN OR ONLY GOD TEACH AND BE CALLED TEACHER?


106REPLY:
ARTICLE II: CAN ONE BE CALLED HIS OWN TEACHER?


107REPLY:

108. ARTICLE III: CAN A MAN BE TAUGHT BY AN ANGEL?

109REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: IS TEACHING AN ACTIVITY OF THE CONTEMPLATIVE OR THE ACTIVE LIFE?


110REPLY.
QUESTION 12: Prophecy


ARTICLE 1: IS PROPHECY A HABIT OR AN ACT?


111REPLY:
ARTICLE II: DOES PROPHECY DEAL WITH CONCLUSIONS WHICH CAN BE KNOWN SCIENTIFICALLY?


112REPLY:
ARTICLE III: IS PROPHECY NATURAL?


113REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: IS SOME NATURAL DISPOSITION NEEDED FOR PROPHECY?


114REPLY:
ARTICLE V: IS MORAL GOODNESS REQUIRED FOR PROPHECY?


115REPLY:
ARTICLE VI: DO THE PROPHETS SEE IN THE MIRROR OF ETERNITY?


116REPLY:
ARTICLE VII: DOES GOD IN THE REVELATION MADE TO A PROPHET IMPRINT ON THE MIND OF THE PROPHET NEW SPECIES OF THINGS OR ONLY INTELLECTUAL LIGHT?


117REPLY:
ARTICLE VIII: DOES ALL PROPHETIC REVELATION TAKE PLACE THROUGH THE MEDIATION OF AN ANGEL?


118RE PLY:
ARTICLE IX: DOES A PROPHET ALWAYS LOSE SENSE- CONSCIOUSNESS WHEN HE IS TUNDER THE INFLUENCE OF THE SPIRIT OF PROPHECY?


119REPLY:
ARTICLE X: IS PROPHECY SUITABLY DIVIDED INTO PROPHECY OF PREDESTINATION, FOREKNOWLEDGE, AND THREATS?


120REPLY:
ARTICLE XI: IS THERE UNCHANGEABLE TRUTH IN PROPHECY?


121REPLY:
ARTICLE XII: IS THE PROPHECY WHICH IS ACCORDING TO THE SIGHT OF UNDERSTANDING ALONE HIGHER THAN THAT WHICH HAS THE SIGHT OF UNDERSTANDING TOGETHER WITH IMAGINATION?


122REPLY:
ARTICLE XIII: ARE THE GRADES OF PROPHECY DISTINGUISHED ACCORDING TO THE SIGHT OF IMAGINATION?


123REPLY:
ARTICLE XIV: WAS MOSES MORE OUTSTANDING THAN OTHER PROPHETS?


124REPLY:
QUESTION 13: Rapture


ARTICLE 1: WHAT IS RAPTURE?


125REPLY:
ARTICLE II: DID PAUL SEE GOD THROLIGH HIS ESSENCE WHEN HE WAS ENRAPTURED?


126REPLY:
ARTICLE III: CAN ONE IN THIS LIFE HAVE HIS UNDERSTANDING RAISED TO SEE GOD THROUGH HIS ESSENCE WITHOUT BEING CARRIED OUT OF HIS SENSES?


127REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: HOW GREAT AN ABSTRACTION IS REQUIRED FOR OUR UNDERSTANDING TO BE ABLE TO SEE GOD THROUGH HIS ESSENCE?


128REPLY:
ARTICLE V: WHAT DID THE APOSTLE KNOW AND NOT KNOW ABOUT HIS RAPTURE?


129REPLY:
QUESTION 15: Faith


ARTICLE I: WHAT IS BELIEF?


130REPLY:
ARTICLE II: WHAT IS FAITH?


131REPLY:
ARTICLE III: IS FAITH A VIRTUE?


132REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: WHAT IS THE SUBJECT IN WHICH FAITH EXISTS?


133REPLY:
ARTICLE V: IS CHARITY THE FORM OF FAITH?


134REPLY:
ARTICLE VI: IS FORMLESS FAITH A VIRTUE?


135REPLY:
ARTICLE VII: IS THE HABIT OF FORMLESS FAITH THE SAME AS THAT OF FORMED FAITH?


136REPLY:
ARTICLE VIII: IS FIRST TRUTH THE PROPER OBJECT OF FAITH?


137REPLY:
ARTICLE IX: CAN FAITH DEAL WITH THINGS WHICH ARE KNOWN AS SCIENTIFIC CONCLUSIONS?


138REPLY:
ARTICLE X: IS IT NECESSARY FOR MAN TO HAVE FAITH?


139REPLY:
ARTICLE XI: IS IT NECESSARY TO BELIEVE EXPLICITLY?


140REPLY:
ARTICLE XII: IS THERE ONE FAITH FOR MODERNS AND ANCIENTS?


141REPLY:
QUESTION 15: Lower Reason


ARTICLE I: ARE UNDERSTANDING AND REASON DIFFERENT POWERS IN MAN?


142REPLY:
ARTICLE II: ARE HIGHER AND LOWER REASON DIFFERENT POWERS?


143REPLY:
ARTICLE III: CAN SIN EXIST IN HIGHER OR LOWER REASON?


144REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: IS DELIBERATE PLEASURE IN BAD THOUGHTS (Delectatio Morosa), WHICH EXISTS IN THE LOWER PART OF REASON THROUGH CONSENT TO THE PLEASURE BUT WITHOUT CONSENT TO THE DEED, A MORTAL SIN?


145REPLY:
ARTICLE V: CAN VENIAL SIN EXIST IN HIGHER REASON?


146REPLY:
QUESTION 16: Synderesis


ARTICLE I: IS SYNDERESIS A POWER OR A HABIT?


147REPLY:
ARTICLE II: CAN SYNDERESIS ERR?


148REPLY:
ARTICLE III: ARE THERE SOME IN WHOM SYNDERESIS IS EXTINGUISHED?


149REPLY:
QUESTION 16: Conscience


ARTICLE I: IS CONSCIENCE A POWER, A HABIT, OR AN ACT?


150REPLY:
ARTICLE II: CAN CONSCIENCE BE MISTAKEN?


151REPLY:
ARTICLE III: DOES CONSCIENCE BIND?


152REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: DOES A FALSE CONSCIENCE BIND?


153REPLY:
ARTICLE V: DOES CONSCIENCE IN INDIFFERENT MATTERS BIND MORE THAN THE COMMAND OF A SUPERIOR, OR LESS?


154REPLY:
QUESTION 18: The Knowledge of the First Man in the State of Innocence


ARTICLE I: DID MAN IN THAT STATE KNOW GOD THROUGH HIS ESSENCE?


155REPLY:
ARTICLE II: DID MAN IN THE STATE OF INNOCENCE SEE GOD THROUGH CREATURES?


156REPLY:
ARTICLE III: DID ADAM IN THE STATE OF INNOCENCE HAVE FAITH ABOUT GOD?


157REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: DID ADAM IN THE STATE OF INNOCENCE HAVE KNOWLEDGE OF ALL CREATURES?


158REPLY:
ARTICLE V: DID ADAM IN THE STATE OF INNOCENCE SEE THE ANGELS THROUGH THEIR ESSENCE?


159REPLY:
ARTICLE VI: COULD ADAM IN THE STATE OF INNOCENCE BE MISTAKEN OR DECEIVED?


160REPLY:
ARTICLE VII: WOULD THE CHILDREN WHO WERE BORN OF ADAM IN THE STATE OF INNOCENCE HAVE HAD FULL KNOWLEDGE OF ALL TH AS ADAM DID?


161REPLY:
ARTICLE VIII: IN THE STATE OF INNOCENCE WOULD CHILDREN HAVE HAD THE FULL USE OF REASON IMMEDIATELY AT BIRTH?


162REPLY:
QUESTION 19: the Knowledge of the Soul after Death.


ARTICLE I: CAN THE SOUL UNDERSTAND AFTER DEATH?


163REPLY:
ARTICLE II: DOES THE SEPARATED SO KNOW SINGULARS?


164REPLY:
QUESTION 20: The Knowledge of Christ


ARTICLE I: SHOULD WE SAY THAT THERE IS CREATED KNOWLEDGE IN CHRIST?


165REPLY:
ARTICLE II: DID THE SOUL OF CHRIST SEE THE WORD THROUGH A HABIT?


166REPLY:
ARTICLE III: DOES CHRIST HAVE OTHER KNOWLEDGE OF THINGS THAN THAT BY WHICH HE KNOWS THEM IN THE WORD?


167REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: DOES THE SOUL OF CHRIST KNOW IN THE WORD ALL THAT THE WORD KNOWS?


168REPLY:
ARTICLE V: DOES THE SOUL OF CHRIST KNOW ALL THAT GOD COULD MAKE?


169REPLY:
ARTICLE VI: DOES THE SOUL OF CHRIST KNOW EVERYTHING WITH THAT KNOWLEDGE BY WHICH IT KNOWS THINGS IN THEIR PROPER NATURE?


170REPLY:
QUESTION 21: Good


ARTICLE I: DOES GOOD ADD ANYTHING TO BEING?


171REPLY:
ARTICLE II: ARE BEING AND GOOD INTERCHANGEABLE AS TO THEIR REAL SUBJECTS?


172REPLY:
ARTICLE III: IS GOOD IN ITS ESSENTIAL CHARACTER PRI0R TO THE TRUE?


173REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: IS EVERYTHING GOOD BY THE FIRST GOODNESS?


174REPLY:
ARTICLE V: IS A CREATED GOOD, GOOD BY ITS ESSENCE?


175REPLY:
ARTICLE VI: DOES THE GOOD OF A CREATURE CONSIST IN MEASURE, SPECIES, AND ORDER AS AUGUSTINE SAYS?


176REPLY:
QUESTION 22: The Tendency to Good and the Will


ARTICLE I: DO ALL THINGS TEND TO GOOD?


177REPLY.
ARTICLE II: DO ALL THINGS TEND TO GOD HIMSELF?


178REPLY:
ARTICLE III: IS APPETITE A SPECIAL POWER OF THE SOUL?


179REPLY.
ARTICLE IV: IN RATIONAL BEINGS IS WILL A POWER DISTINCT FROM SENSE APPETITE?


180REPLY:
ARTICLE V: DOES THE WILL WILL ANYTHING NECESSARILY?


181REPLY:
ARTICLE VI: DOES THE WILL NECESSARILY WILL WHATEVER IT WILLS?


182REPLY:
ARTICLE VII: DOES A PERSON MERIT BY WILLING WHAT HE WILLS NECESSARILY?


183REPLY:
ARTICLE VIII: CAN GOD FORCE THE WILL?


184REPLY:
ARTICLE IX: CAN ANY CREATURE CHANGE THE WILL OR INFLUENCE IT?


185REPLY.
ARTICLE X: ARE WILL AND INTELLECT THE SAME POWER?


186REPLY:
ARTICLE XI: IS THE WILL A HIGHER POWER THAN THE INTELLECT, OR IS THE OPPOSITE TRUE?


187REPLY:
ARTICLE XII: DOES THE WILL MOVE THE INTELLECT AND THE OTHER POWERS OF THE SOUL?


188REPLY:
ARTICLE XIII: IS INTENTION AN ACT OF THE WILL?


189REPLY:
ARTICLE XIV: DOES THE WILL IN THE SAME MOTION WILL THE END AND INTEND THE MEANS?


190REPLY:
ARTICLE XV: IS CHOICE AN ACT OF THE WILL?


191REPLY:
QUESTION 23: Godís Will


ARTICLE I: DOES IT BELONG TO GOD TO HAVE A WILL?


192REPLY:
ARTICLE II: CAN THE DIVINE WILL BE DISTINGUISHED INTO ANTECEDENT AND CONSEQUENT?


193REPLY:
ARTICLE III: IS GODís WILL SUITABLY DIVIDED INTO HIS EMBRACING WILL AND HIS INDICATIVE WILL?


194REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: DOES GOD OF NECESSITY WILL WHATEVER HE WILLS?


195REPLY:
ARTICLE V: DOES THE DIVINE WILL IMPOSE NECESSITY UPON THE THINGS WILLED?


196REPLY:
ARTICLE VI: DOES JUSTICE AS FOUND AMONG CREATED THINGS DEPEND SIMPLY UPON THE DIVINE WILL?


197RE PLY:
ARTICLE VII: ARE WE OBLIGED TO CONFORM OUR WILL TO THE DIVINE WILL?


198REPLY.
ARTICLE VIII: ARE WE OBLIGED TO CONFORM OUR WILL TO THE DIVINE WILL AS REGARDS ITS OBJECT SO AS TO BE BOUND TO WILL WHAT WE KNOW GOD WILLS?


199REPLY:
QUESTION 24: Free Choice


ARTICLE I: IS MAN ENDOWED WITH FREE CROICE?


200REPLY.
ARTICLE II: IS THERE FREE CHOICE IN BRUTES?


201REPLY:
ARTICLE III: IS THERE FREE CHOICE IN GOD?


202REPLY.
ARTICLE IV: IS FREE CHOICE A POWER OR NOT?


203REPLY:
ARTICLE V: IS FREE CHOICE ONE POWER OR SEVERAL?


204REPLY:
ARTICLE VI: IS FREE CHOICE THE WILL OR A POWER OTHER THAN THE WILL?


205REPLY:
ARTICLE VII: CAN THERE BE ANY CREATURE WHICH HAS ITS FREE CHOICE NATURALLY CONFIRMED IN GOOD?


206REPLY:
ARTICLE VIII: CAN THE FREE CHOICE OF A CREATURE BE CONFIRMED IN GOOD BY A GIFT OF GRACE?


207REPLY:
ARTICLE IX: CAN THE FREE CHOICE OF MAN IN THEns PRESENT LIFE BE CONFIRMED IN GOOD?


208REPLY:
ARTICLE X: CAN THE FREE CHOICE OF ANY CREATURE BE OBSTINATE OR UNALTERABLY HARDENED IN EVIL?


209REPLY:
ARTICLE XI: CAN THE FREE CHOICE OF MAN IN THIS PRESENT LIFE BE OBSTINATE IN EVIL?


210REPLY:
ARTICLE XII: CAN FREE CHOICE IN THE STATE OF MORTAL SIN AVOID MORTAL SIN WITHOUT GRACE?


211REPLY:
ARTICLE XIII: CAN A PERSON IN THE STATE OF GRACE AVOID MORTAL SIN?


212REPLY:
ARTICLE XIV: IS FREE CHOICE CAPABLE OF GOOD WITHOUT GRACE?


213REPLY:
ARTICLE XV: CAN MAN WITHOUT GR¬CE PREPARE HIMSELF TO HAVE GRACE?


214REPLY:
QUESTION 25: Sensuality


ARTICLE I: IS SENSUALITY A COGNITIVE OR ONLY AN APPETITIVE POWER?


215REPLY:
ARTICLE II: IS SENSUALITY ONE SIMPLE POWER OR IS IT DIVIDED INTO SEVERAL: THE IRASCIBLE AND THE CONCUPISCIBLE POWERs?


216REPLY:
ARTICLE III: ARE THE IRASCIBLE AND THE CONCUPISCIBLE POWERS ONLY IN THE LOWER APPETITE OR ALSO IN THE HIGHER?


217REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: DOES SENSUALITY OBEY REASON?


218REPLY:
ARTICLE V: CAN THERE BE SIN IN SENSUALITY?


219REPLY:
ARTICLE V: IS THE CONCUPISCIBLE POWER MORE CORRUPT AND INFECTED THAN THE IRASCIBLE?


220REPLY:
ARTICLE VII: CAN SENSUALITY BE CURED IN THIS LIFE OF THE A«ORESAID CORRUPTION?


221REPLY:
QUESTION 26: The passions of the soul


ARTICLE I: HOW DOES THE SOUL SUFFER WHEN SEPARATED FROM THE BODY?


222REPLY:
ARTICLE II: HOW DOES THE SOUL SUFFER WHILE JOINED TO THE BODY?


223REPLY:
ARTICLE III: IS PASSION ONLY IN THE SENSE APPETITIVE POWER?


224REPLY:
Article IV: ON WHAT GROUNDS ARE THE CONTRARIETY AND DIVERSITY AMONG THE PASSIONS OF THE SOLJL BASED?



225REPLY:
ARTICLE V: ARE HOPE, FEAR, Jo AND SADNESS THE FOUR PRINCIPAL PASSIONS OF THE SOUL?


226REPLY:
ARTICLE VI: DO WE MERIT BY OUR PASSIONS?


227REPLY:
ARTICLE VII: DOES A PASSION ACCOMPANYING A MERITORIOUS ACT DETRACT FROM ITS MERIT?


228REPLY:
ARTICLE VIII: WERE THERE ANY SUCH PASSIONS IN CHRIST?


229REPLY:
ARTICLE IX: WAS THE PASSION OF PAIN IN THE SOUL OF CHRIST AS REGARDS HIGHER REASON?


230REPLY:
ARTICLE X: DID THE PAIN OF THE PASSION WHICH WAS IN CHRISTíS HIGHER REASON PREVENT THE Jo OF FRUITION, AND CONVERSELY?


231REPLY:
QUESTION 26: Grace


ARTICLE I: IS GRACE SOMETHING CREATED WHICH IS IN THE SOUL POSITIVELY?


232REPLY:
ARTICLE II: IS INGRATIATORY GRACE THE SAME AS CHARITY?


233REPLY:
ARTICLE III: CAN ANY CREATURE BE THE CAUSE OF GRACE?


234REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: ARE THE SACRAMENTS OF THE NEW LAW THE CAUSE OF GRACE?


235REPLY:
ARTICLE V: IN ONE MAN IS THERE ONLY ONE INGRATIATORY GRACE?


236REPLY:
ARTICLE VI: IS GRACE IN THE ESSENCE OF THE SOUL?


237REPLY:
ARTICLE VII: IS GRACE IN THE SACRAMENTS?


238REPLY:
QUESTION 28: Justification of Sinners


ARTICLE I: IS THE JUSTIFICATION OF SINNERS THE FORGIVENESS OF SINS?


239REPLY:
ARTICLE II: CAN THERE BE FORGIVENESS OF SINS WITHOUT GRACE?


240REPLY:
ARTICLE III: DOES THE JUSTIFICATION OF SINNERS REQUIRE FREE CHOICE?


241REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: WHAT MOTION OF FREE CHOICE IS NEEDED FOR JUSTIFICATION. IS A MOTION TOWARD GOD REQUIRED?


242REPLY:
ARTICLE V: IN THE JUSTIFICATION OF SINNERS IS A MOTION OF FREE CHOICE TOWARD SIN REQUIRED?


243REPLY:
ARTICLE VI: ARE THE INFUSION OF GRACE AND THE FORGIVENESS OF GUILT THE SAME?


244REPLY:
ARTICLE VII: DOES THE FORGIVE NESS GUILT NATURALLY PRECEDE THE INFUSION OF GRACE?


245REPLY:
ARTICLE VIII: IN THE JUSTIFICATION OF SINNERS DOES THE MOTION OF FREE CHOICE NATURALLY PRECEDE THE INFUSION OF GRACE?


246REPLY:
ARTICLE IX: IS THE JUSTIFICATION OF SINNERS INSTANTANEOUS?


247REPLY:
QUESTION 29: Grace of Christ


ARTICLE I: IS THERE CREATED GRACE IN CHRIST?


248REPLY:
ARTICLE II: FOR CHRISTíS ITUMAN NATURE TO BE UNITED PERSONALLY TO THE WORD IS HABITUAL GRACE REQUIRED?


249REPLY:
ARTICLE III: IS THE GRACE OF CHRIST INFINITE?


250REPLY:
ARTICLE IV: DOES THE GRACE OF HEADSHIP BELONG TO CHRIST IN HIS HUMAN NATURE?


251REPLY:
ARTICLE V: IS ANY HABITUAL GRACE REQUIRED IN CHRIST FOR HIM TO BE THE HEAD?


252REPLY:
ARTICLE VI: COULD CHRIST MERIT?


253REPLY:
ARTICLE VII: COULD CHRIST MERIT FOR OTHERS?


254REPLY:
ARTICLE VIII: COULD CHRIST MERIT IN THE FIRST INSTANT OF HIS CONCEPTION?


255REPLY: