Ezekiel - CEI (1974)
Ezekiel's complex character makes him one of the most interesting figures in Israelite prophecy. In many ways he resembles the more primitive type of prophet represented by Elijah and Elisha; yet he clearly depends on all his predecessors in prophecy, and his teaching is a development of theirs. His unique contribution to the history of prophetism lies in his manifest interest in the temple and the liturgy, an interest paralleled in no other prophet-not even Jeremiah who, like Ezekiel, was also a priest. Particularly because of this interest, Ezekiel's influence on postexilic religion was enormous, and not without reason has he been called "the father of Judaism." This has resulted in his prophecies reaching us with the evident marks of editing and addition by the post-exilic circles that shared his intense interest. However, we may be sure that in this book we have throughout what is in substance the prophet's own work. Ezekiel became a prophet in Babylon-the first prophet to receive the call to prophesy outside the Holy Land. As one of the exiles deported by Nebuchadnezzar in 597, his first task was to prepare his fellow countrymen in Babylon for the final destruction of Jerusalem, which they believed to be inviolable. Accordingly, the first part of his book consists of reproaches for Israel's past and present sins and the confident prediction of yet a further devastation of the land of promise and a more general exile. In 587, when Nebuchadnezzar destroyed Jerusalem, Ezekiel was vindicated before his unbelieving compatriots. After this time, Ezekiel's message changes. From now on his prophecy is characterized by the promise of salvation in a new covenant, and he is anxious to lay down the conditions necessary to obtain it. Even as Jeremiah had believed, Ezekiel thought that the exiles were the hope of Israel's restoration, once God's allotted time for the Exile had been accomplished. His final eight chapters are an utopian vision of the Israel of the future, rid of its past evils and reestablished firmly under the rule of the Lord. The famous vision of the dry bones in chapter 37 expresses his firm belief in a forthcoming restoration, Israel rising to new life from the graveyard of Babylon. But Ezekiel's new covenant, like Jeremiah's, was to see its true fulfillment only in the New Testament. Perhaps no other prophet has stressed the absolute majesty of God as Ezekiel does. This appears not only in the tremendous vision by the river Chebar with which his prophecy opens, but throughout the book. Ultimately, says Ezekiel, whatever God does to or for man is motivated by zeal for his own holy name. The new heart and the new spirit which must exist under the new covenant cannot be the work of man; they too must be the work of God. By such teachings he helped prepare for the New Testament doctrine of salvation through grace. The Book of Ezekiel is divided as follows: I. Call of the Prophet (Ezekiel 1:1-3:27) II. Before the Siege of Jerusalem (Ezekiel 4:1-24:27) III. Prophecies against Foreign Nations (Ezekiel 25:1-32:32) IV. Salvation for Israel (Ezekiel 33:1-39:29) V. The New Israel (Ezekiel 40:1-48:35) - (NAB)

Headings


EZECHIELE (CEI)


1 Introduzione
Visione del carro del Signore
2 Visione del libro
3 Il profeta come sentinella
I. PRIMA DELL'ASSEDIO DI GERUSALEMME
Ezechiele privato della parola
4 Annunzio dell'assedio di Gerusalemme
6 Contro i monti di Israele
I peccati di Israele
7 La fine Ŕ prossima
I peccati di Israele
8 Visione dei peccati di Gerusalemme
9 Il castigo
10 La gloria del Signore abbandona il tempio
11 Seguito dei peccati di Gerusalemme
La nuova alleanza promessa agli esiliati
La gloria del Signore abbandona Gerusalemme
12 L'imitazione dell'emigrante
Proverbi popolari
13 Contri i falsi profeti
Le false profetesse
14 Contro l'idolatria
ResponsabilitÓ personale
15 Parabola della vigna
16 Storia simbolica di Israele
17 Allegoria dell'aquila
18 La responsabilitÓ personale
19 Lamento sui capi d'Israele
20 Storia delle infedeltÓ di Israele
21 La spada del Signore
Il re di Babilonia all'incrocio delle strade
Castigo di Ammon
22 I delitti di Gerusalemme
23 Storia simbolica di Gerusalemme e di Samaria
24 Annunzio dell'assedio di Gerusalemme
Prove personali del profeta
II. ORACOLI CONTRO LE NAZIONI
25 Contro gli Ammoniti
Contro Moab
Contro Edom
Contro i Filistei
26 Contro Tiro
Lamento su Tiro
27 Secondo lamento sulla caduta di Tiro
28 Contro il re di Tiro
La caduta del re di Tiro
Contro Sidone
Israele liberato dalle nazioni
29 Contro l'Egitto
30 Il giorno del Signore contro l'Egitto
31 Il cedro
32 Il coccodrillo
Discesa del faraone nello Sheol
III. DURANTE E DOPO L'ASSEDIO DI GERUSALEMME
33 Il profeta come sentinella
Conversione e perversione
La presa della cittÓ
La devastazione del paese
Risultati della predicazione
34 I pastori di Israele
35 Contro i monti di Edom
36 Oracolo sui monti di Israele
37 Le ossa aride
Giuda e Israele in un solo regno
38 Contro Gog, re di Magog
39 Conclusione
IV. LA "TORAH" DI EZECHIELE
40 Il tempio futuro
Il muro esterno
Il portico orientale
Il cortile esterno
Il portico settentrionale
Il portico meridionale
Atrio interno. Portico meridionale
Il portico orientale
Annessi ai portici
L'atrio interno
Il tempio: l'ulam o atrio
41 L'ekal o il "santo" (santuario)
Il debir o il "santo dei santi"
Le celle laterali
L'"edificio" occidentale
Ornamentazione interna
L'altare di legno
42 Adiacenze del tempio
Dimensioni dell'atrio
43 Ritorno del Signore
L'altare
Consacrazione dell'altare
44 Uso del portico orientale
Regole di ammissione al tempio
I leviti
I sacerdoti
45 Divisione del paese. Parte del Signore
Parte del principe
Offerte per il culto
Festa della pasqua
Festa delle capanne
46 Regolamenti diversi
47 La sorgente del tempio
I confini del paese
48 Divisione del paese
Le porte di Gerusalemme

Version
Revised Standard Version (1966) - English
Nova Vulgata - Latin
Biblia del Pueblo di Dio (BPD) - Spanish
Vulgata - Stuttgart 1969 - Latin
BÝblia Sagrada Ave-Maria (1957) - Portuguese
La Sainte Bible (Crampon 1904) - French
Einheits▄bersetzung der Heiligen Sc - German