Job - Biblia del Pueblo di Dio (BPD)
The Book of Job, named after its protagonist, is an exquisite dramatic poem which treats of the problem of the suffering of the innocent, and of retribution. The contents of the book, together with its artistic structure and elegant style, place it among the literary masterpieces of all time. - Job, an oriental chieftain, pious and upright, richly endowed in his own person and in domestic prosperity, suffers a sudden and complete reversal of fortune. He loses his property and his children; a loathsome disease afflicts his body; and sorrow oppresses his soul. Nevertheless, Job does not complain against God. When some friends visit him to condole with him, Job protests his innocence and does not understand why he is afflicted. He curses the day of his birth and longs for death to bring an end to his sufferings. The debate which ensues consists of three cycles of speeches. Job's friends insist that his plight can only be a punishment for personal wrongdoing and an invitation from God to repentance. Job rejects their inadequate explanation and calls for a response from God himself. At this point the speeches of a youth named Elihu (Job 32-37) interrupt the development.
- In response to Job's plea that he be allowed to see God and hear from him the cause of his suffering, God answers, not by justifying his action before men, but by referring to his own omniscience and almighty power. Job is content with this. He recovers his attitude of humility and trust in God, which is deepened now and strengthened by his experience of suffering.
- The author of the book is not known; it was composed some time between the seventh and fifth centuries B.C. Its literary form, with speeches, prologue and epilogue disposed according to a studied plan, indicates that the purpose of the writing is didactic. The lesson is that even the just may suffer here, and their sufferings are a test of their fidelity. They shall be rewarded in the end. Man's finite mind cannot probe the depths of the divine omniscience that governs the world. The problems we encounter can be solved by a broader and deeper awareness of God's power, presence (Job 42:5) and wisdom. - The divisions of the Book of Job are as follows: - I. Prologue (Job 1:1-2:13)
II. First Cycle of Speeches (Job 3:1-14:22) III. Second Cycle of Speeches (Job 15:1-21:34) IV. Third Cycle of Speeches (Job 22:1-28:28) V. Job's Final Summary of His Cause (Job 29:1-31:37) VI. Elihu's Speeches (Job 32:1-37:24) VII. The Lord's Speech (Job 38:1-42:6) VIII. Epilogue (Job 42:7-17) - (NAB)



1 Presentación de Job
El comienzo de la prueba
Job privado de sus bienes y de sus hijos
2 La culminación de la prueba
Los amigos de Job

3 Monólogo inicial: la protesta de Job
4 Primer discurso de Elifaz: la felicidad de los justos
6 Respuesta de Job: la miseria del hombre sobre la tierra
8 Primer discurso de Bildad: la triste suerte de los impíos
9 Respuesta de Job al discurso de Bildad:la fuerza irresistible de Dios
11 Primer discurso de Sofar: la sumisión al juicio de Dios
12 Respuesta de Job: los designios desconcertantes de Dios
13 Requisitoria de Job al Señor
15 Segundo discurso de Elifaz: nadie es justo ante Dios
16 Respuesta de Job: la incomprensión de los amigos y el aparente abandono de Dios
18 Segundo discurso de Bildad: el castigo inexorable de los malvados
19 Respuesta de Job: la íntima esperanza en la reivindicación
20 Segundo discurso de Sofar: la justa retribución de la maldad
21 Respuesta de Job: ¿dónde está la justicia de Dios?
22 Tercer discurso de Elifaz: los sufrimientos de Job, atribuidos a sus pecados
23 Respuesta de Job: el silencio de Dios y el triunfo del mal
25 Tercer discurso de Bildad: himno a la grandeza de Dios
26 Respuesta de Job: afirmación de su inocencia
27 Tercer discurso de Sofar: insistencia en el justo castigo de los malvados

28 La Sabiduría, inaccesible a los hombres
La Sabiduría, sólo accesible al Creador

29 Último discurso de Job: evocación de la felicidad pasada
30 La miseria del momento presente
Amarga queja contra Dios
31 Declaración de la propia inocencia



38 Interpelación inicial
El señorío de Dios sobre la tierra y el mar
El señorío de Dios sobre los fenómenos meteorológicos
El señorío de Dios sobre los animales
40 El desafío del Señor y la respuesta de Job
Interpelación inicial del Señor
Behemot, el hipopótamo
Leviatán, el cocodrilo
42 Última respuesta de Job

La reivindicación de Job

Revised Standard Version (1966) - English
Nova Vulgata - Latin
Vulgata - Stuttgart 1969 - Latin
Bíblia Sagrada Ave-Maria (1957) - Portuguese
La Sainte Bible (Crampon 1904) - French
CEI (1974) - Italian
EinheitsÜbersetzung der Heiligen Sc - German