Job - La Sainte Bible (Crampon 1904)
The Book of Job, named after its protagonist, is an exquisite dramatic poem which treats of the problem of the suffering of the innocent, and of retribution. The contents of the book, together with its artistic structure and elegant style, place it among the literary masterpieces of all time. - Job, an oriental chieftain, pious and upright, richly endowed in his own person and in domestic prosperity, suffers a sudden and complete reversal of fortune. He loses his property and his children; a loathsome disease afflicts his body; and sorrow oppresses his soul. Nevertheless, Job does not complain against God. When some friends visit him to condole with him, Job protests his innocence and does not understand why he is afflicted. He curses the day of his birth and longs for death to bring an end to his sufferings. The debate which ensues consists of three cycles of speeches. Job's friends insist that his plight can only be a punishment for personal wrongdoing and an invitation from God to repentance. Job rejects their inadequate explanation and calls for a response from God himself. At this point the speeches of a youth named Elihu (Job 32-37) interrupt the development.
- In response to Job's plea that he be allowed to see God and hear from him the cause of his suffering, God answers, not by justifying his action before men, but by referring to his own omniscience and almighty power. Job is content with this. He recovers his attitude of humility and trust in God, which is deepened now and strengthened by his experience of suffering.
- The author of the book is not known; it was composed some time between the seventh and fifth centuries B.C. Its literary form, with speeches, prologue and epilogue disposed according to a studied plan, indicates that the purpose of the writing is didactic. The lesson is that even the just may suffer here, and their sufferings are a test of their fidelity. They shall be rewarded in the end. Man's finite mind cannot probe the depths of the divine omniscience that governs the world. The problems we encounter can be solved by a broader and deeper awareness of God's power, presence (Job 42:5) and wisdom. - The divisions of the Book of Job are as follows: - I. Prologue (Job 1:1-2:13)
II. First Cycle of Speeches (Job 3:1-14:22) III. Second Cycle of Speeches (Job 15:1-21:34) IV. Third Cycle of Speeches (Job 22:1-28:28) V. Job's Final Summary of His Cause (Job 29:1-31:37) VI. Elihu's Speeches (Job 32:1-37:24) VII. The Lord's Speech (Job 38:1-42:6) VIII. Epilogue (Job 42:7-17) - (NAB)

  • édition numérique par Richard Bourret
  • Domaine public

  • Headings

    Livre de Job

    1 Prospérité, malheurs et résignation de Job

    2 POEME

    1. Premier cycle de discours
    3 Job maudit son "jour"
    4 Discours d'Eliphaz
    6 Réponse de Job
    8 Discours de Bildad
    9 Réponse de Job
    11 Discours de Cophar
    12 Réponse de Job

    14 2. Second cycle de discours
    15 Discours d'Eliphaz
    16 Réponse de Job
    18 Discours de Bildad
    19 Réponse de Job
    20 Discours de Cophar
    21 Réponse de Job

    3. Troisième cycle de discours
    22 Discours d'Eliphaz
    23 Réponse de Job
    24 Discours de Cophar (1ère partie ?)
    25 Discours de Bildad
    26 Réponse de Job
    Discours de Bildad, suite
    27 Réponse de Job, suite
    Discours de Cophar, (2ème partie ?)

    28 4. Poème de la sagesse

    5. Dernier discours de Job
    29 La vie passée
    30 La détresse présente
    31 Protestation d'innocence

    6. Les discours d'Elihu
    32 Intervention d'Elihu
    Premier discours d'Elihu
    34 Deuxième discours d'Elihu
    35 Troisième discours d'Elihu
    36 Quatrième discours d'Elihu

    37 7. Théophanie et réponses de Job
    38 Premier discours de Yahvé
    40 Réponse de Job
    Deuxième discours de Yahvé
    42 Dernière réponse de Job
    Epilogue, Job restauré dans sa condition première

    Revised Standard Version (1966) - English
    Nova Vulgata - Latin
    Biblia del Pueblo di Dio (BPD) - Spanish
    Vulgata - Stuttgart 1969 - Latin
    Bíblia Sagrada Ave-Maria (1957) - Portuguese
    CEI (1974) - Italian
    EinheitsÜbersetzung der Heiligen Sc - German