Job - CEI (1974)
The Book of Job, named after its protagonist, is an exquisite dramatic poem which treats of the problem of the suffering of the innocent, and of retribution. The contents of the book, together with its artistic structure and elegant style, place it among the literary masterpieces of all time. - Job, an oriental chieftain, pious and upright, richly endowed in his own person and in domestic prosperity, suffers a sudden and complete reversal of fortune. He loses his property and his children; a loathsome disease afflicts his body; and sorrow oppresses his soul. Nevertheless, Job does not complain against God. When some friends visit him to condole with him, Job protests his innocence and does not understand why he is afflicted. He curses the day of his birth and longs for death to bring an end to his sufferings. The debate which ensues consists of three cycles of speeches. Job's friends insist that his plight can only be a punishment for personal wrongdoing and an invitation from God to repentance. Job rejects their inadequate explanation and calls for a response from God himself. At this point the speeches of a youth named Elihu (Job 32-37) interrupt the development.
- In response to Job's plea that he be allowed to see God and hear from him the cause of his suffering, God answers, not by justifying his action before men, but by referring to his own omniscience and almighty power. Job is content with this. He recovers his attitude of humility and trust in God, which is deepened now and strengthened by his experience of suffering.
- The author of the book is not known; it was composed some time between the seventh and fifth centuries B.C. Its literary form, with speeches, prologue and epilogue disposed according to a studied plan, indicates that the purpose of the writing is didactic. The lesson is that even the just may suffer here, and their sufferings are a test of their fidelity. They shall be rewarded in the end. Man's finite mind cannot probe the depths of the divine omniscience that governs the world. The problems we encounter can be solved by a broader and deeper awareness of God's power, presence (Job 42:5) and wisdom. - The divisions of the Book of Job are as follows: - I. Prologue (Job 1:1-2:13)
II. First Cycle of Speeches (Job 3:1-14:22) III. Second Cycle of Speeches (Job 15:1-21:34) IV. Third Cycle of Speeches (Job 22:1-28:28) V. Job's Final Summary of His Cause (Job 29:1-31:37) VI. Elihu's Speeches (Job 32:1-37:24) VII. The Lord's Speech (Job 38:1-42:6) VIII. Epilogue (Job 42:7-17) - (NAB)

Headings


GIOBBE (CEI)


I. PROLOGO
1 Satana mette Giobbe alla prova
3 II. DIALOGO
1. PRIMO CICLO DI DISCORSI
Giobbe maledice il giorno della sua nascita
6 L'uomo oppresso conosce solo la sua miseria
8 Il corso inarrestabile della giustizia divina
9 La giustizia divina Ŕ al di sopra del diritto
11 La sapienza di Dio provoca il riconoscimento di Giobbe
12 La sapienza di Dio si manifesta anche con le devastazioni provocate dalla sua potenza
15 2. SECONDO CICLO DI DISCORSI
Giobbe si condanna con le sue stesse parole
16 Dall'ingiustizia degli uomini alla giustizia di Dio
18 La collera non pu˛ nulla contro la giustizia
19 Il trionfo della fede nell'abbandono di Dio e degli uomini
20 L'ordine della giustizia non ammette eccezioni
21 La smentita dei fatti
22 3. TERZO CICLO DI DISCORSI
Dio castiga solo in nome della giustizia
23 Dio Ŕ lontano e il male trionfa
25 Inno all'onnipotenza di Dio
26 Bildad parla all'aria
27 Giobbe, innocente, conosce la potenza di Dio
Discorso di Zofar: Il maledetto
28 4. ELOGIO DELLA SAPIENZA
La sapienza inaccessibile all'uomo
29 Lamenti e apologia di Giobbe
A. I giorni passati
5. CONCLUSIONE DEL DIALOGO
30 B. Angoscia presente
31 Apologia di Giobbe
32 III. I DISCORSI DI ELIU
Intervento di Eliu
Esordio
33 La presunzione di Giobbe
34 Scacco dei tre saggi nel discolpare Dio
35 Dio non Ŕ indifferente ai casi umani
36 Il vero senso delle sofferenze di Giobbe
Inno alla sapienza onnipotente
38 IV. I DISCORSI DI IAHVE
PRIMO DISCORSO
La sapienza creatrice confonde Giobbe
40 SECONDO DISCORSO
Dio controlla le forze del male
Le bestie
Leviatan
42 Ultima risposta di Giobbe
V. EPILOGO
Iahve biasima i tre saggi
Dio reintegra la fortuna di Giobbe

Version
Revised Standard Version (1966) - English
Nova Vulgata - Latin
Biblia del Pueblo di Dio (BPD) - Spanish
Vulgata - Stuttgart 1969 - Latin
BÝblia Sagrada Ave-Maria (1957) - Portuguese
La Sainte Bible (Crampon 1904) - French
Einheits▄bersetzung der Heiligen Sc - German