Hosea - La Sainte Bible (Crampon 1904)
Hosea belonged to the northern kingdom and began his prophetic career in the last years of Jeroboam II (786-746 B.C.). Some believe that he was a priest, others that he was a cult prophet; the prophecy, our only source of information concerning his life, gives us no certain answer in the matter. The collected oracles reveal a very sensitive, emotional man who could pass quickly from violent anger to the deepest tenderness. The prophecy pivots around his own unfortunate marriage to Gomer, a personal tragedy which profoundly influenced his teaching. In fact, his own prophetic vocation and message were immeasurably deepened by the painful experience he underwent in his married life. Gomer, the adultress, symbolized faithless Israel. And just as Hosea could not give up his wife forever even when she played the harlot, so Yahweh could not renounce Israel, who had been betrothed to him. God would chastise, but it would be the chastisement of the jealous lover, longing to bring back the beloved to the fresh and pure joy of their first love.
Israel's infidelity took the form of idolatry and ruthless oppression of the poor. No amount of mechanically offered sacrifices could atone for her serious sins. Chastisement alone remained; God would have to strip her of the rich ornaments bestowed by her false lovers and thus bring her back to the true lover. A humiliated Israel would again seek Yahweh. The eleventh chapter of Hosea is one of the summits of Old Testament theology; God's love for his people has never been expressed more tenderly. Hosea began the tradition of describing the relation between Yahweh and Israel in terms of marriage. This symbolism appears later on in the Old Testament; and, in the New, both St. John and St. Paul express in the same imagery the union between Christ and his Church. The Book of Hosea is divided as follows:
I. The Prophet's Marriage and Its Lesson (Hosea 1:1-3:5) II. Israel's Guilt and Punishment (Hosea 4:1-14:9(10)) - (NAB)

  • édition numérique par Richard Bourret
  • Domaine public

  • Headings


    1. Le mariage d'Osée et sa valeur symbolique
    Mariage et enfants d'Osée
    2 Perspectives d'avenir
    Yahvé et son épouse infidèle
    3 Osée reprend l'épouse infidèle
    Explication du symbole

    2. Crimes et châtiment d'Israël
    4 Corruption générale
    Contre les prêtres
    Le culte d'Israël: idolâtrie et débauche
    Avertissement à Juda
    Israël, génisse indomptable
    5 Prêtres, grands et roi mènent le peuple à sa perte
    Guerre fratricide
    Vanité des alliances avec l'étranger
    Yahvé abandonne son peuple
    6 Retour éphémère d'Israël à Yahvé
    Crimes passés et présents d'Israêl
    7 Le régime des conspirations
    Israël ruiné par l'appel à l'étranger
    Ingratitude et châtiment d'Israël
    8 Cri d'alarme
    Anarchie politique et idolâtrie
    Israël perdu fait appel à l'étranger
    Contre le culte purement extérieur
    Contre le luxe des constructions
    9 Tristesse de l'exil
    La prophétie entraine la persécution du prophète
    Châtiment du crime de Baal Péor
    Châtiment du crime de Guilgal
    10 Destruction des idoles d'Israël
    Contre Gibéa
    Appel à la conversion
    C'en est fait
    11 Yahvé va venger son amour méconnu
    L'amour l'emportera
    Le retour de l'exil
    12 Perversion d'Israël
    Contre Jacob
    Avidité et chatiment d'Israël
    Perspectives de réconciliation
    Nouvelles menaces
    13 Chatiment de l'idolâtrie
    Chatiment de l'ingratitude
    Fin de la royauté
    Ruine inévitable
    14 3. Conversion et rentrée en grâce d'Israël
    Perspectives d'avenir
    Avertissement final

    Revised Standard Version (1966) - English
    Nova Vulgata - Latin
    Biblia del Pueblo di Dio (BPD) - Spanish
    Vulgata - Stuttgart 1969 - Latin
    Bíblia Sagrada Ave-Maria (1957) - Portuguese
    CEI (1974) - Italian
    EinheitsÜbersetzung der Heiligen Sc - German